ULAI

Or Euleus, a river which ran by the city Shushan, in Persia, on the bank of which Daniel had a famous vision, Da 8:2,16. It was the Choaspes of the Greeks, and is now called the Kerkhah; but appears to have had in ancient times a second channel, still traceable, nine hundred feet wide and twenty feet deep, and flowing along the east side of Shushan. The two channels emptied their waters through the river now called the Karun into the Shat-el-Arab, the united stream of the Euphrates and Tigris, twenty miles below their junction at Korna.

UNBELIEF

Of the testimony of God makes him a liar, and is a sin of the greatest enormity. It is the work of a depraved and guilty heart; for no one without this bias could reject the abundant witness God furnishes of the truth of his word, Ps 14:1. Especially is unbelief towards an offered Savior an unspeakable crime, justly sealing the condemnation of him who thus refuses to be saved, Joh 5:18 1Jo 5:10.

UNCLEAN

See CLEAN.

UNCITON

Anointing, 1Jo 2:20,27, the special communication of the influence of the Holy Spirit by Christ to believers, leading them into all truth and holiness.

UNDERGIRD

Passing a cable several times under and around a ship and tightening it on deck, to prevent the working and parting of the timbers and planks in a gale, Ac 27:17. The process is called frapping, and has been resorted to in various instances in modern times.

UNICORN

One-horned, corresponding to the word Monoceros, by which the original Hebrew REEM is translated by the Seventy. The Hebrew word means erect, and has no reference to the number of horns. Most interpreters now understand it of the wild buffalo of the Eastern continents, the Bos Bubalus of Linaeus, resembling the American buffalo, but having larger horns and no dewlap. This animal has the appearance of uncommon strength. The bulk of his body, and his prodigious muscular limbs, denote his force at the first view, Nu 23:22. His aspect is ferocious and malignant, and at the same time stupid. His head is of ponderous size; his eyes diminutive; and what serves to render his visage still more savage, are the tufts of frizzled hair which hang down from his cheeks and the lower part of his mouth, Job 39:9-12 Ps 22:21.

Wild buffalo occur in many parts of Africa and India, where they live in great troops in the forests, and are regarded as excessively fierce and dangerous animals. The hunters never venture in any numbers to oppose these ferocious animals face to face; but conceal themselves in the thickets or in the branches of the trees, whence they attack the buffaloes as they pass along.

In Egypt, as also in Southern Europe, the buffalo has been partially domesticated in comparatively modern times. Travelers also find it in parts of Syria, Persia, and India. It is less docile than the ox, retaining a remnant of ferocity and intractability, together with a wild and lowering aspect. It is commonly driven and guided by means of a ring in the nose. To the ancient Hebrews, however, it seems to have been known only in its wild state, savage, ferocious, and often immensely large.

UPHARSIN

And they are dividing, a Chaldee word, an active plural form with the conjunction prefixed; while PERES or PHARES, from the same root, is a passive participle, and means divided, Da 5:25,28.

UPHAZ

A region producing fine gold, Jer 10:9 Da 10:5. In Hebrew it differs from Ophir by only one letter; and it is thought to denote the same region.

UR

The country of Terah, and the birthplace of Abraham, Ge 11:28,31 15:7. It is usually called "Ur of the Chaldees," Heb 9:7 Ac 7:4; and is located, with strong probability, in the north-west part of Mesopotamia. The city of Orfah, to which the Jews make pilgrimages as the birthplace of Abraham, is a flourishing town of 30,000 inhabitants, seventy-eight miles south-west of Diarbekir. Some, however, place Ur in Lower Chaldea, at extensive ruins now called Warka, in latitude 31 degrees 19í North, longitude 45 degrees 40í East.

URBAN

A Roman disciple, Paulís companion in Christian labors, Ro 16:9.

URIAH

A Hittie in Davidís army, renowned for his valor. To save Bathsheba Uriahís wife from death for adultery, and secure her for himself, David caused Uriah to be exposed to death, 2Sa 11:1-27; 12:9; 23:29; 1Ki 15:5.

URIJAH

1. A high-priest in the time of king Ahaz. He is called a faithful witness by Isaiah, Isa 8:2; but erred in constructing and using at the kingís request an altar unlike that prescribed in the law, Ex 27:1-8; 38:1-7; 2Ki 16:9-12.

2. A faithful prophet, from Kirjathjearim in Judah, in the time of Jehoiakim. He confirmed the predictions of Jeremiah against Judah; and having fled to Egypt for refuge from the enraged king, and been sent back by Pharaoh-necho on demand, he was wickedly slain and dishonorably buried, Jer 26:20-23. Compare 2Ki 24:4.

URIM AND THUMMIN

Lights and perfections, or light and truth; a divinely appointed means of "inquiring of the Lord," its name being expressive perhaps of the truth of his revelations. It would appear, though not certainly, to have been made known to the Jews at some time prior to its first mention in Scripture, Ex 28:30. It had some connection with the high-priestís breastplate, Le 8:8, and perhaps is to be understood as present when the ephod is mentioned, being worn on the outside of it, Nu 27:21 1Sa 23:9,11 2Sa 2:1.

It is spoken of in the following additional passages, De 33:8 Jos 7:6,15 1Sa 28:6; and last of all in Ezr 2:63 Ne 7:65. Some think it was the precious stones on the sacred breastplate, which made known the divine will by casting an extraordinary luster. Compare Ex 39:8-14 Le 8:8. Others assert that they were the words Manifestation and Truth, written upon two precious stones, or upon a plate of gold. Various in fact are the conjectures upon this subject, and Moses has nowhere spoken of the Urim and Thummim in such terms as to remove the obscurity. When this oracle was to be used in inquiring of the Lord, if at Jerusalem, the high-priest put on his robes, and going into the Holy Place, stood before the curtain that separated the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place; then, turning his face directly towards the ark and the mercy-seat, upon which the divine presence rested, he proposed the subject respecting which he desired "light and truth." See BREASTPLATE.

USURY

As employed in our version of the Bible, means only interest. When our translation was made, the word usury had not assumed the bad sense which it now has. The Jews might require interest of foreigners, De 23:19-20, but were forbidden to receive it from each other, Ex 22:25 Ps 15:5; being instructed to lend money, etc., in a spirit of brotherly kindness, "hoping for nothing again," De 15:7-11 Lu 6:33-35. The exacting of usury is often rebuked, Ne 5:7,10 Pr 28:8 Eze 22:12-14. The Mosaic code was adapted to a non-commercial people, but its principles of equity and charity are of perpetual and universal obligation.

UZ

The land in which Job dwelt, Job 1:1 Jer 25:20 La 4:21. The Seventy call it Ausitis. It appears to have been a region in Arabia Deserta, between Palestine, Idumaea, and the Euphrates, and most probably not far from the borders of Idumaea. It is uncertain whether its inhabitants were descendants of Uz the son of Aram, Huz the son of Nahor, or Uz the Horite, Ge 10:23 22:21 36:28. They appear to have had much knowledge of the true God and the principles of virtue and religion.

UZAL

A son of Joktan, located in Arabia Felix, Ge 10:27.

UZZAH

A son of Abinadab, who fell dead while conducting the ark from Kirjath-jearim towards Jerusalem, 2Sa 6:1-23; 1Ch 13:1-14. In his person God chastised the prevalent irreverence, which was intimated in the rude jolting along of the ark by oxen, exposed both to sight and to touch, while the law required it to be carefully covered by the priests, and then borne by staves on the shoulders of the Levites, who were not to look upon or touch the ark itself on pain of death, Ex 25:14; Nu 4:5,15,19,20. Perhaps Uzzah was not even a Levite. Compare 1Ch 15:2,13.

UZZIAH or AZARIAH

King of Judah. See AZARIAH.