THE TREATISES OF CHARLES FITCH

 

"Boston, March 5, 1838.

 

"MY DEAR BROTHER: -I am a stranger to you, but I trust that, through the free sovereign grace of God, I am not altogether a stranger to Jesus Christ, whom you serve. I am the pastor of an Orthodox Congregational church in this city. A few weeks since your lectures on the Second Coming of Christ were put into my hands. I sat down to read the work, knowing nothing of the views which it contained. I have studied it with an overwhelming interest, such as I never felt in any other book except the Bible. I have compared it with Scripture and history, and I find nothing on which to rest a single doubt respecting the correctness of your views. Though a miserable, guilty sinner, I trust that, through the Lordís abounding grace, I shall be among those that Ďlove his appearing.í I preached to my people two discourses yesterday on the coming of our Lord, and I believe a deep and permanent interest will be awakened thereby in Godís testimonies. My object in writing you, my dear sir, is twofold.

 

"1st. Will you have the kindness to inform me, by letter, in what history you find the fact stated that the last of the ten kings was baptized A. D. 508, and also that the decree of Justinian, giving the Bishop of Rome power to suppress the reading of the Scriptures, was issued in 538? All the other data which you have given I have found correct, and I know of no reason to doubt your correctness in these. But, as I have not yet been able to find a statement of those facts, you will do me a great favor by just informing me where I may find them; and I shall then feel prepared to defend the truth, and to point others to the right source of information.

 

"There is a meeting of our Ministerial Association to-morrow, and, as I am appointed to read an essay, I design to bring up this whole subject for discussion, and trust that I may thereby do something to spread the truth.

 

"2d. My second object in writing was to ask if you would put me in the way to obtain a dozen copies of your lectures. I know of none to be obtained here. I know of several individuals who are very desirous to obtain the work, and if you can tell me of any place where it can be obtained in this city, or in New York, you will greatly oblige me. If you can give me any information of importance on the subject, not contained in your book, I should greatly rejoice, because, as I stand a watchman on the walls, I wish to Ďgive the trumpet a certain sound,í and to make that sound as full, and explicit, and convincing as possible.

 

"Yours in the faith of Jesus Christ,

 

"CHARLES FITCH."

 

IMMORTALITY.

BY CHARLES FITCH

Original Publication date unknown-Reprinted in BIBLE EXAMINER May, 1851

 

Who has immortality?

 

1Ti 6:13, 16ó"I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickened all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession, that thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, which, in his times, he shall show, the blessed and only Potentate, King of Kings; and Lord of Lords, who only hath immortality."

 

What commandment was Timothy thus charged to keep?

 

It was to flee the love of money, "follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, live, patience, meekness. Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life." See 1Ti 6:6-13.

 

Now, since it is true that Christ only, hath immortality, it cannot be true that men are immortal? I know it is assumed that while the bodies of men are mortal, their souls are immortal; but if this were so, then the Bible instead of saying that Christ only hath immortality, would have read that all mankind have immortality.

 

But that men have not immortality is perfectly manifest from what God said to Adam after he had sinnedó"Dust thou art, and unto dust thou shalt return."

 

But it will, perhaps, be said that Adam was immortal notwithstanding what God declared. But that is mere assumption. Why did not God say, an immortal spirit thou art and thou canst never die? Obviously the reason why God did not say it was because it was not the fact. "Thou art dust, and unto dust shalt thou return." To say then that man is an immortal being, when God says he is dust, and shall return to dust, is to be wiser than God.

 

Besides, we learn from Ge 3:22,24, that God drove man out of the garden of Eden, and placed at the east of the garden cherubims and a flaming sword turning every way, to keep the tree of life, lest man should take of it and eat, and live forever.

 

Man, therefore, lost immortality by the fall. In Ge 5:3, we read that Adam begat in his own likeness. As he was dust, his posterity were dust. Such is the Divine testimony. Ps 78:39ó"for he remembered that they were but flesh, a wind that passeth away and cometh not again." Ps 103:14ó"For he knowth our frame, He remembereth that we are dust." Ec 3:20ó"All are of the dust, and all turn to dust again." I know it will be said in contradiction to this plain Bible testimony, that though manís body is dust, he has an immortal soul. But such a declaration as that cannot be found in the Bible. The word soul sometimes bean life, and is applied to other existences as well as man. Thus when we read in the first chapter of Genesis of "every moving creature that hath life;" it is translated in the margin, "ever creeping creature that hath soul." We read in Ge 12, that when Abraham went down in into Egypt, fearing that he might be slain on account of his wife, he said to her, "say thou art my sister, and my soul shall live because of thee." That is, my life shall be spared. In Isa 29:8, we read, "It shall even be as when a hungry man dreameth, and behold he eateth, but he awaketh and his soul is empty." In Re 16:3, we read, "that the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man, and ever living soul died in the sea." That is, everything that had life.

 

The word soul is also used to mean a person. See, Le 4$, 5$, 6$: "if a soul sin;" "if a soul swear;" "if a soul commit trespass;" "if a soul die," "if a soul touch any unclean thing." Thus the word soul means the life, the person, the being. But immortal soul is a term the Bible never uses. The word immortal is not found in the Bible but once, and that is in 1Ti 1:17, "Now unto the King, eternal, immortal, invisible; the only wise God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen." It is, therefore, a matter of absolute certainty that the Bible ascribes immortality to God and Jesus Christ only, and that man being dust, and returning to dust, does not possess immortality.

 

Besides, the gospel teaches man how to gain immortality, and this is positive proof that he does not now possess it. It would be strange indeed to instruct a man how to gain what he already possessed. I will, therefore, show from the scriptures of truth how immortality is to be gained.

 

But I shall first remark that there are two Greek words in the original of the New Testament, which are translated immortality. One is the word Athanasia; this is used in 1Ti 6:16, ascribing immortality to Christ, "who only hath immortality." It is used again in 1Co 15:53: "And this mortal must put on immortality." Again, in the next verse, "So when this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, death is swallowed up on victory." Immorality therefore is to be put on the resurrection, and it is therefore idle to say that any man is immortal until that time at least. The word Athanasia expressive of the immortality of Christ, is used in these three instances only in the New Testament. There is another word which is also translated immortality in some instances, and in some instances incorruption.

 

It is used in 2Ti 1:10; "But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel." The Greek word used here is Aphtharsia, and is defined immortality, incorruptibility. It is used in Ro 2:7: "To them who by a patient continuance in well doing seek for glory, honor, and immortality, eternal life."

 

Immortality is, therefore, brought to light through the gospel, and is to be conferred on those who, through faith in the gospel, seek it by patient continuance in well doing. Immortality will, therefore never be the portion of the wicked. The same Greek word is used in the following instances in 1Co 15:42: "It is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption." Aphtharsia. 1Co 15:50: "Now this I say, brethren that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, neither doth corruption must put on incorruption, (Aphtharsia,) and this mortal must put on immortality, (Athanasia.) So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, (Aphtharsia,) and this mortal shall have put on immortality, (Athanasia,) then shall be brought to pass the saying which is written, Death is swallowed up on victory. Man, then, has no immortality till he puts it on in the resurrection. To say so is to turn infidels, because it is denying the plain testimony of God. The word Aphtharsia is used but once more in the New Testament. Eph 6:24: "Grace be with all them who love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity," or, with incorruption.

 

But will all mankind put on immortality in the resurrection? Let the Bible answer.

 

Gal 6:7-8ó"Be not deceived; God is not mocked; whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to the flesh, shall of the flesh reap CORRUPTION." Greek, Pithoran; defined thus: corruption, contagion, pestilence, mortality. Such is the harvest the wicked must reap. "But he that soweth to the spirit, shall of the spirit reap life everlasting." As surely, therefore, as the righteous reap eternal life, the wicked will reap mortality and not immortalityóLu 20:35-36; "But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world and THE RESURRECTION FROM THE DEAD, neither marry nor are given in marriage; neither can they die any more, for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being children of the resurrection." There will be those, therefore, who will attain to a resurrection, after which they cannot die any more."

 

Will there be those who can die more?

 

Re 20:6ó"Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection, on such the second death hath no power." There is, therefore, a second death: how will it be executed? Re 21:8ó"But the fearful, and the unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the SECOND DEATH." We learn, therefore, from Re 20$, 21$ that there is a first and second resurrection, between which a thousand years are to intervene. That those who have part in the first resurrection are blessed and holy, and not exposed to the second death. Or, as our Savior said, they that are accounted worthy to attain that world and the resurrection from the dead cannot die any more. But we also learn that those who have no part in the first resurrection live not until the thousand years are finished, and are then devoured. They have their part in the second death; and Peter tells us that "as natural brute beasts made to be taken and destroyed," they "shall utterly perish in their own corruption," and not immortality.

 

I can now understand the secret of Paulís great anxiety to attain to the resurrection from the dead.

 

In Php 3:7, he writes thus, after having spoken of all his advantages as a Jew and a Pharisee: "But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ; yea, doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord; for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and to count them but dung that I may win Christ, and be found in him, not having mine own righteousness which is of the law, but that which is of the faith of Christ, even the righteousness which is of God by faith, that I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death, if by any means I might attain unto the resurrection from the dead.

 

Through sufferings and death, therefore, Paul would follow Christ, if by any means he might attain to the first resurrection, and thus escape the second death. "Not (said he) as though I had already attained, either were already perfect." Paul knew that "the Captain of his Salvation was made perfect through sufferings." He would, therefore, "bear about in his body the dying of the Lord Jesus; and fill up in his flesh what remained of the sufferings of Christ, for his bodyís sake, which is the church." Like his master, therefore, Paul was made perfect through sufferings, and died at last a martyr for Christ, and will attain to the first resurrectionóinasmuch as Christ cannot fail to fulfill to him the promise, "he that loseth his life for my sake shall keep it unto life eternal."

 

But I wish to show still more definitely, the way by which immortality is to be gained.

 

Christ said to MarthaóJoh 11:25ó"I am the resurrection and the life. He that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live; and whosoever liveth and believe in me shall never die."

 

All therefore who die in the faith will be raised when "the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout and with the voice of the arch-angel, and with the trump of God, and the dead in Christ shall rise first." Then also those at that time living and believing in Christ shall in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, be changed to immortality and caught up to meet the Lord, and such will never die, as Christ said. We therefore read respecting Christ, Joh 1:4, "In Him was LIFE, and the life was the light of men," Joh 3:14; "And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life." Hence, all who believe not in Christ for life, must perish, must suffer the second death. See Re 20$, 21$.

 

How exceedingly great and precious, therefore, are the words of our Savior, Joh 6:33, "For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven and giveth LIFE to the world."Joh 6:40; "And this is the will of him that sent me, that everyone which seeth the SOn and believeth on him, may have everlasting life, and I will raise him up at the last day."

 

Remember, therefore reader, that you have no immortality but in CHristóand to gain it, you are to seek it through faith in him, and by patient continuance in well doing. All others will reap corruption in the second death, and in the lake of fire and brimstone he "utterly consumed with terror." There is no truth more plainly taught in the Bible than this, that there is no immortality for the wicked. The terms everlasting, eternal, &c., applied to the duration of their suffering, show that as long as they exist, they will exist to suffer; but since the Bible, aside from these terms, proves that they have no immortality, we come to the full conclusion that "the wages of sin is death"óthat "all the wicked will God destroy," that they shall be utterly consumed with terrors." Sinner, if you will escape that doom, make haste to Christ.

 

LETTER TO MOSES STUART.

 

WM MILRPLY LETTER III. page the paragraph 2REV. MOSES STUART: -Dear Sir, -I have read your Hints on the Interpretation of Prophecy. According to your request, I have heard you through. Will you please look at Da 7:21,22: "I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them, until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom."

 

WM MILRPLY LETTER III. page the paragraph 3This horn, you tell us, is Antiochus Epiphanes. You also show that Scripture has no occult or hidden meaning.

 

WM MILRPLY LETTER III. page the paragraph 4Now, my dear sir, as you are a learned man and I an ignorant one, will you please inform us, from the plain and obvious import of the scripture language, how it was, or is, or is to be, that Antiochus Epiphanes, who died a hundred and sixty-four years before Christ was born, either did, or does, or will make war with the saints, and prevail against them, until the Ancient of days comes, and judgment is given to the saints of the Most High, and the time comes, that the saints possess the kingdom. -Yours, "Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ."

 

CHARLES FITCH.

 

Albany, Aug. 13, 1842.

 

óóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóó-

"COME OUT OF HER, MY PEOPLE,"

 

A SERMON, BY C. FITCH.

 

ROCHESTER, N. Y.

 

J. V. HIMES, 17 ARCADE

 

E. SHEPARDíS PRESS.

 

1843.

 

Re 18:1-5: "And after these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory. And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon, the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies. And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plaques. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities."

 

21st verse: "And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all."

 

Re 14:6-20: "And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preached unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. And there

 

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followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication. And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, the same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: and the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. Here is the patience of the saints; here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus. And I heard a voice from heaven, saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; and their works do follow them. And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hands a sharp sickle. And another angel came out of the temple; crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped. And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great wine-press of the wrath of God. And the wine-press

 

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was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the wine-press, even unto the horse-bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs."

 

I. WHAT IS BABYLON?

 

II. WHAT IS THE FALL OF BABYLON?

 

III. WHAT IS IT FOR GODíS PEOPLE TO COME OUT OF BABYLON?

 

IV. WHAT WILL BE THE CONSEQUENCES OF REFUSING TO DO IT?

 

I. WHAT IS BABYLON?

 

It is Antichrist: all those to whom Christ will say, at his appearing, "Those mine enemies who would not that I should reign over them, bring hither and slay them before me." It is every thing belonging to the vine of the earth, which, at the appearance of one like the Son of man on a white cloud, is to be reaped, and cast into the great wine-press of the wrath of God.

 

What then is Antichrist? 1Jo 4: "Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God, because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh, is of God: and every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh, is not of God: AND THIS IS THAT SPIRIT OF ANTICHRIST whereof ye have heard that it should come, and even now already is it in the world." 2Jo 7: "For many deceivers are entered into the world. who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. THIS IS A DECEIVER AND AN ANTI-CHRIST."

 

It must be admitted that a spirit which is of God, while it confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh, will readily assent and conform to all the objects for which he came. To confess with the lips that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh, and yet to be opposed in heart and life to the objects for which he came, is certainly to be Antichrist. The spirit therefore which is of God, while it confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh, will cordially embrace,

 

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and heartily enter into all the objects for which he was thus manifested. All else must be Antichrist. What then was the end for which Jesus Christ was manifested in the flesh? Lu 24:45: "Then opened he their understandings that they might understand the Scriptures, and said unto them. Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day: and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem." This was one object of Christís coming in the flesh; and when Peter rebuked Him for foretelling such things concerning himself, Christ turned and rebuked Peter, saying, "Get thee behind me, Satan; for thou savorest not the things that be of God, but the things that be of men." Peter then, was at that time Antichrist, in being opposed to the sufferings of Christ in the flesh.

 

But did Jesus Christ come in the flesh for no purpose but to suffer? Hear Peter on the day of the Pentecost, after he had been baptized with the Holy Ghost, and fully qualified to set forth the objects of Christís coming. Ac 2:29: "Men and brethren, let me freely speak to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath, to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh. He would RAISE UP CHRIST TO SIT ON HIS THRONE: he, seeing this before, spake of the resurrection of Christ," &c. Here we are informed that God had sworn with an oath to David, that He would raise up Christ in the flesh to sit on Davidís throne. Christ was therefore to come in the flesh to reign on Davidís throne, and was raised up from the dead with flesh and bones for that purpose; and in that same body ascended to heaven, and angels declared that He would so come again, in like manner as He went into heaven. Now, as His ascension is personal, His coming must be personal.

 

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Isaiah had prophesied, in his ninth chapter, "Unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given, and the government shall be upon His shoulders: His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace; of the increase of His government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David and upon his kingdom, to order it and to establish it with judgment and with justice, from henceforth, even forever: the zeal of the Lord of hosts shall perform this."

 

Again: Jer 33:15: "In those days and at that time will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land. In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely; and this is the name wherewith He shall be called, the Lord our righteousness. For thus saith the Lord, David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel." Verse 20: "Thus saith the Lord, if ye can break my covenant of the day and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season, then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne."

 

Lu 1:30: "And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found favor with God; and, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God shall give unto Him the throne of His father David, and He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there shall be no end."

 

Now as surely as the birth of Christ was personal and not spiritual, his life, his death, his resurrection, his ascension, personal, so surely his coming must be. As he has taught in Luke xix., he is now gone into a far country to receive to himself a kingdom, and to return; and "he shall so come again in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven." In Psalm

 

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lxxxix. we read: "Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David; his seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the sun before me. It shall be established forever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven."

 

Then Jesus Christ has come in the flesh to sit on Davidís throneóhe is to sit upon it personally and for ever. For at the sounding of the seventh trumpet there shall be heard great voices in heaven, saying, "THE KINGDOMS OF THIS WORLD are become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign for ever and ever." "He shall have dominion from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the earth." {Ps lxxii, 8} He said, indeed, at the bar of Pilate, "My kingdom is not of this world;" and for the reason that the earth which now is, is kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men; and as Christís kingdom can have no end, God has promised a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness, and has said, "As the new heavens and the new earth which I will make shall remain before me, so shall your seed and your name remain." (See 65th and 66th chap. Isaiah, and 2d Peter 3d chap.) In the new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness, therefore, Christ will sit personally and eternally on Davidís throne, ruling the world in righteousness, and of his kingdom there shall be no end." Thus, as Paul said to the Hebrews, Christ, "for the joy set before him, endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of God." He also tells us that Christ is "from henceforth expecting until his enemies shall be made his footstool." The joy set before him, and for which he endured his sufferings on the cross, must be the joy of his eternal kingdom, when he shall reign in glory and blessedness with all his saints. Christ then was manifested in the flesh, and was raised up, and is now immortalized, for the express purpose of coming again, in like

 

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manner as he went up into heaven, to reign eternally over the entire world, on Davidís throne. Hence it follows, that whoever is opposed to the PERSONAL REIGN of Jesus Christ over this world on Davidís throne, is ANTICHRIST; for though he may admit that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh, he is opposed to the object for which he came, and therefore must be Antichrist; for "the kingdoms of this world must become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign for ever and ever."

 

We have therefore only to inquire who is OPPOSED TO THE PERSONAL REIGN OF CHRIST ON DAVIDíS THRONE, in order to ascertain who is ANTICHRIST, or who is IN BABYLON, to be destroyed when Christ shall appear in the clouds of heaven, to establish his kingdom. Who, then, is opposed to the personal reign of Christ on Davidís throne?

 

1st. THE ENTIRE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. The primitive church believed in the personal reign of Christ, and looked and longed for it, and waited for his appearing, and loved it as the apostles had done before them. Justin Martyr, one of the primitive Christians, declares that this was the faith in which all the orthodox in the primitive church agreed. But when the papacy came into power, they concluded to have Christ reign, not personally, but spiritually, and hence the Pope entered into the stead of Christ, and undertook to rule the world for himóclaiming to be Godís vicegerent on earth. Inasmuch, therefore, as the Papists wish to retain their power, we find them all opposed to Christís coming to establish a personal reign. They are willing that Christ should reign spiritually, provided they can be his acknowledged agents, and thus bring the world to bow down wholly to their dictation, and use Godís authority for their own aggrandizement. But to the idea of Christís coming to establish a personal reign, they are decidedly and bitterly hostile.

 

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They will not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh to reign. They are willing to admit that he has come to suffer, but they will not award him his crown, and consent to his taking his seat on the throne of David, while they bow down and worship. Hence they are Antichrist. When the Israelites of old departed from the true God, and worshiped idols, and made these their dependence, God charged them with the sin of whoredom toward himself. The Catholics, while claiming to be the church of God, have always, when they could, looked for support to the secular power, instead of trusting God to maintain them. Hence God accuses them of committing fornication with the kings of the earth; and the Romish church is called the great whore that did corrupt the nations, drawing them from the worship and service of the true God, to support her in her nameless and horrid abominations. But,

 

2d. Is THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, ONLY OPPOSED TO THE PERSONAL REIGN OF†††† CHRIST? What shall we say of Protestant Christendom in this respect?†††† Among all the sects into which the Protestant church is divided,†††† where is one that is not decidedly hostile to the Bible truth that†††† Christ has been raised up to sit personally on Davidís throne?†††† Indeed, where has such a notion originated, as that Christ is to have†††† only a spiritual reign? There is nothing in the Bible that furnishes†††† the least shadow of a foundation for such an idea. Paul has, however,†††† given us a clue to the origin of the very thing, {2Ti iv, 3} "For†††† the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but†††† after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having†††† itching ears, and they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and†††† shall be turned to fables." This is at present true of all sects in†††† Protestant Christendom. The sound scriptural doctrine of the personal†††† reign of Christ on Davidís throne cannot now be endured, and hence†††† the teachers which the

 

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various sects have been heaping to themselves have turned away their ears to the groundless fable of a spiritual reign of Christ, during what is called a temporal millennium, when they expect all the world will be converted; and each sect is expecting at that time to have the predominant influence. Each one of these sects is willing to rule the world, as the Papists have done, FOR Christ; but no one of them is willing to have Christ come in person to rule the world for himself, while they take their place at his feet, to do his bidding; nor are they willing to listen for a moment to what the Bible says respecting Christís personal coming. It is only here and there, among all the sects, that a place of worship can be obtained for the purpose of showing the people what is contained in the Bible respecting Christís coming and kingdom. Nor are these sects honest in their pretended attachment even to the spiritual reign of Christ, for there is not a sect among them all that will now allow Christ to reign over them in a spiritual sense, inasmuch as they do not, as a sect, make Christís principles and precepts their rules of life. No one sect can be found that does live by Christís rules. They would call it ultraism to think of doing so. Besides, if they had been sincere in their desires for the spiritual reign of Christ, they might have sent the gospel into every dwelling on the face of the earth long ago. Christ said, by their fruits ye shall know them; and the fruit which he expected his true disciples to bear was, obedience to his precepts. "If ye love me, keep my commandments." His precepts were such as these: "Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth. Sell that ye have, and give alms. Give to him that asketh of thee, and of him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away. Be merciful and do good, and lend hoping for nothing again. Bless them that persecute you. Do good to them that hate you, and pray for them that despitefully use you." By such fruits they were

 

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to be known. The practical motto in this day is, by their creeds ye shall know them. If a man subscribes to an orthodox creed, and covenants to deny himself all ungodliness and every worldly lust, he may after this serve the devil with both hands, and yet be regarded as a good Christian. With a Presbyterian, or an Episcopalian, or a Methodist, or a Baptist book of discipline in his pocket, he may gird up all the energies of his being to amass wealth, and live solely for purposes of personal aggrandizement, and yet pass among professedly Christian sects as a discipleóa follower of Him who on earth had not where to lay his head, and who has said to his followers, "Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth." Though the Bible says. "They that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition," the various sects of professed Christendom expect that their members will make the accumulation of wealth the object of their lives. And yet they profess to be desiring the spiritual reign of Christ, and to be living for the conversion of the world to the religion of the crucified Nazarene. Tell them, however, that Christ is coming in person, according to the oath of God, to carry out the principles of his own religion for ever, and they are ready to fight against it with all their might. We are living in the very state of things predicted by our Savior, "And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold." To such an extent has the love of this present world abounded, in the hearts of those who say they are Christís, that nothing is so unwelcome to the mass of them as to tell them that their Savior, whom they profess to regard as their best friend, is soon coming to take his people to be with him.

 

The apostle John writes as follows: "Love not the world, nor the things which are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust

 

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of the flesh, and the lust of the eye, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world; and the world passeth away, and the lust thereof, but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever. Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that Antichrist shall come, even now there are many Antichrists, whereby we know that it is the last time.." Inasmuch as all these multiplied sects are opposed to the plain Bible truth of Christís personal reign on earth, THEY ARE ANTI-CHRIST.

 

John saw a sea of glass mingled with fire, and them that had got the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, standing on that sea of glass, having the harps of God. The Greek word arithmos, here translated number, is also thus defined: "a mob, a worthless multitude, a herd; and some have suggested that these sects make up the number of six hundred three score and six, which is ascribed to the Antichristian beast; and I confess, that the idea of getting the victory over the worthless multitude of the beast, looks to me far more consistent, and far more likely to be ascribed by inspiration to the mind that hath wisdom and understanding, than the usual idea of getting the victory over the Hebrew, or Greek, or Roman letters whose numerical value amounts to 666. These various Protestant sects have no occasion to take credit to themselves on account of their professed desires for converting the world to Christ, for the Pope is as loud in his professions of this sort as they, and far more consistent, and persevering, and efficient in his efforts. But altogether, Catholics and Protestants, are determined on a spiritual reign, and each hopes, in their fabled millennium, to be the predominating sect. If, by the way, either of these sects were to rule the world, it might as well be the Catholics as either, inasmuch as sects have always grown carnal and corrupt in proportion as their power, and influence, and wealth, have increased;

 

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and there is not a sect among them all but would unquestionably become as corrupt, and as cruel and tyrannical, as the Catholics ever were, by the time they had gained the same summit of greatness to which the Catholics did once obtain. There is not the sect nor the individual on earth that is worthy of being trusted with irresponsible power. Many a sect, if told that they would become as wicked as the Catholics ever were, when once they should have the powerówould be ready to exclaim with one of old, "And we dogs that we should do these things?" And yet, like him, when once the power should be in their hands, would go straightforward and do them. None is worthy to reign over this world but Christónone else has a right to reign; and he is coming in the clouds of heaven for that very purpose: while the whole professed Christian world, Catholic and protestant, are determined that it shall be only a spiritual reign, when each particular sect is hoping to have the ascendancy.

 

One most unscriptural feature in all their plans is, to have the world given to a generation of Christians who have never known anything but peace and safety; while the Bible says, "If we suffer, we shall reign with him;" that we are "heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ if so be that we suffer with Him, that we may be glorified together;" that "blessed are they that are persecuted for righteousness sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven;" that through much tribulation we must enter into the kingdom of God; that those which were beheaded for the witness of Jesus and the word of God, shall rise and reign with Christ: and these John heard singing praise, and saying, "Thou hast made us unto our God kings and priests, and we shall reign on the earth." Notwithstanding all these Scripture declarations respecting those who are to reign with Christ, when the kingdoms of the world are his, and he shall reign for ever and ever, it is now claimed that those shall possess the world and

 

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reign without Christ, who shall be born and live in a time of universal peace, and never have a hair plucked from their heads by way of suffering for Christís sake. There is no language that can express the immeasurable folly of such Biblical expositions as these. They are immeasurable nonsense. Again, all these pretended Christian sects are particularly opposed to the idea that Christ is coming speedily in person, to take the dominion of the world; and especially to the idea that there is Bible evidence for believing that he will come during the present Jewish year. Against this they can find no words to express their indignation. If it could be deferred a thousand years or so, the idea might be endured. But to think that anybody should believe that Christ is coming the present year to take his seat on Davidís throne for ever, this is intolerable. In these particulars, therefore, the professed Christian world. Catholic and Protestant, are Antichrist. They will not submit to Christís personal reign. They will not love his appearing, and especially not at present Said a professed minister of the gospel, in the State of New Jersey, "If Christ is coming to reign in this world, Iíll not stay with him." Said another minister in New York, "If Christ is coming thus to destroy his enemies, Iíll not worship him." Said another minister in the State of Ohio, "God has no right to destroy the world at present. He had no right to make it to be destroyed at such a time. These men were all indulging the very spirit of Antichrist. Thus I have defined what Babylon, or Antichrist is. It is everything that rises in opposition to the personal reign of Christ on David throne, and to the revealed time for his appearing and here we do find the professed Christian world Catholic and Protestant, on the side of Antichrist. They all say, let us take the kingdom, and let Christ, and the departed saints that have suffered with him, to whom the kingdom has been promised, remain where they are.

 

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II. WHAT ARE WE TO UNDERSTAND BY THE FALL OF BABYLON?

 

This is fully expressed in Scripture language, "Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird." Babylon is fallen into this dreadful state. No Protestant would think this language too strong to express the true state of things in the Catholic church at the present time; and the Catholics in their turn would say the same things of Protestants. We need not stop to show how the language applies to Catholicism. The justice of the application is sufficiently obvious. But how is it with Protestant Christendom. How is she occupied? Is she not engaged, for her own aggrandizement, in every species of merchandise ascribed to Babylon, even to slaves and the souls of men? The spirit of oppression reigns, in greater or less portions of the leading sects, unrebuked; and a man may sell or buy his fellow-man, and then sit at the communion table, or even minister at the altar of God, and by the mass of Protestant Christendom go unreproved. Lust for power is seen among all the sects, and lust for gold is practically regarded by the multitude of Christís professed disciples as a virtue, and they may resort to any means for acquiring wealth which does not amount to positive transgression of human law, and yet stand in the church as accredited members. Things in this respect, in the professed church, are entirely the reverse of what they were when as many as were possessors of houses and lands sold them, to be distributed for the advancement of the cause of Christ. Sumptuous dwellings and apparel, and equipage, are sought after by professed disciples of the meek and lowly Jesus, as though they were the supreme good; and you will see multitudes of such professed Christians puffing and strutting about the world in their proud and lofty bearing, and looking down upon the humble follower of the crucified Nazarene, (who dares be singular

 

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enough to carry out the principles of the religion of the cross,) as though they could find no language sufficient to express their contempt. Speak to them about the coming of Christ to take possession of his throne, and they show themselves sufficiently disgusted to spit in your face. Ask them to read anything on the subject, and they put on every possible expression of scorn. Even pretended ministers of the gospel, in multitudes, manifest all these feelings in relation to the coming and kingdom of Christ, and do their utmost to perpetuate and increase this state of feeling in their hearers. Mention to them the probability of Christís coming in his glory during the present Jewish year, to take the throne of the world; and express to them your belief that the Bible fully teaches this, and they feel insulted that you should dare to mention in their presence a thing to them so utterly contemptible. They are ready to hold their breath, and thrust you from them as with a pair of tongs. Ask them if they have ever examined the Bible evidence of the immediate coming of the Lord, and they evidently feel degraded that you should think them capable of turning their thoughts to such a subject. Who are these mighty sons of pride, that God Almighty must not presume to speak to them through his word? Why, they are the professed disciples and ministers of Christ; and, in truth and reality, Antichrist. They are Babylon in its fallen state; their hearts are the habitations of devils, the hold of every foul spirit, the cage of every unclean and hateful bird. They are in their own estimation of vast consequence, but if they remain what they are a little longer, Jesus Christ will neither be afraid nor ashamed to smite them with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips to slay them. Many of them may be ready to inquire, "Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name, and in thy name cast out devils, and in thy name done many wonderful works? But Christ will only

 

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protest unto them, "I never knew you, depart from me ye that work iniquity.

 

III. WHAT IS IT FOR GODíS PEOPLE TO COME OUT OF BABYLON?

 

"Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues." To come out of Babylon is to be converted to the true scriptural doctrine of the personal coming and kingdom of Christ; to receive the truth on this subject with all readiness of mind, as you find it plainly written out on the pages of the Bible: to love Christís appearing, and rejoice in it, and fully and faithfully to avow to the world your unshrinking belief in Godís word touching this momentous subject, and to do all in your power to open the eyes of others, and influence them to a similar course, that they may be ready to meet their Lord. Christ has said, "Whoso is ashamed of me and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him shall the Son of Man be ashamed when he shall come in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels. Who are you that you should be ashamed of what God has written in his word respecting the kingdom of Christ, and that you should wish to spiritualize it into some other meaning than God has expressed, for the purpose of making it more popular with those that fear not God? Stand up before the world and dare honestly to avow your belief in what the Almighty God has spoken. Give up the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the pride of life; wean yourself from the love of this present world, and be looking for that blessed hope and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ. Be just as ready, also, to receive and confess all that God has been pleased to reveal touching the time of the establishment of the kingdom of Christ, as any other part of the subject. Why be ashamed of the time of Christís coming?

 

Many are beginning to say, "We are satisfied that the usual notion about a spiritual kingdom of Christ and a temporal millennium, is altogether groundless,

 

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and that the coming of Christ is doubtless near;" but they feel a very great reluctance either to express or to hold any belief respecting the time. It is very popular not to know any thing about it, and a very convenient way of escaping reproach, to be able to say, "we know nothing about it." Thousands are glad that they donít know any thing about it, and are very fully determined that they will continue to know nothing about it; and some, though they profess to have examined the subject, are hindered from getting any light respecting the time, by the conviction that if they receive the light they must avow it, and this will subject them to reproach. To escape reproach, therefore, they skulk away and hide themselves in darkness. Shame on these miserable skulkers! How will they bear the blazing light of Christís face at His glorious appearing! They will want rocks and mountains to hide them in that hour.

 

By this time many will begin to say with a sneer of contempt, "You are trying to make it out that none but Millerites can be saved." Hold one moment, for your soulís sake, and tell, if you can, how he can be prepared for the kingdom of Christ, who is opposed to Christís reigning in person on the throne which God has sworn to give him, and who is ashamed to believe and avow what God has revealed touching the time of Christís appearing? If you can see any way into the kingdom of God for such a soul as that, I frankly confess you can see what I cannot. Do you still complain that I should try to make it appear that you are not a Christian? I have no such desire. I pray God that you may make it appear you are a Christian. But I do say, if you are a Christian, come out of Babylon! If you intend to be found a Christian when Christ appears, come out of Babylon, and come out Now! Throw away that miserable medley of ridiculous spiritualizing nonsense with which multitudes have so long been making the word of God of none effect, and dare to believe the Bible. It contains the wisdom of the infinite

 

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God as it is, and needs no alterations and emendations from men, as though they could tell what God means, better than He has been able to express it in his own language. He has sworn with an oath that he would raise up the seed of David to sit on Davidís throne; and the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign for ever and ever!

 

And now away forever with your miserable transcendental philosophy, that would make the throne of David a spiritual throne, and the coming of Christ to sit upon it as a spiritual coming, and his reign a spiritual reign. Thanks be to God, His kingdom cannot be blown up into such spiritual bubbles as these, for a thousand, or even 365 thousand years, and then blown for ever away into some etherial something, which some sneering infidel has defined, to be sitting on a cloud and singing Psalms to all eternity. No, no. Jesus Christ has been raised up in Davidís flesh immortalized, and he shall come in that flesh glorified, "and there shall be given Him dominion and glory, and a kingdom that all people, nations, and languages shall serve Him: His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom that which shall not be destroyed. And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; and the saints of the Most High shall take the kingdom and shall posses the kingdom forever, even forever and ever." This is Godís word; and all the spiritualizers on the footstool cannot alter it. They may undertake to tell what God means by it; but God has given His own meaning in His own language, and He will make it good in fulfilling it as He has caused it to be written. If God had meant something else and not this, He would have told us what He did mean. Just as though when God had given us truth in symbolic language, and then interpreted it that it might be fully understood, He had after all left it for men in their upstart folly, to improve His

 

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own revelation. My soul is pained when I reflect how the word of God has been rendered powerless upon the consciences and hearts of men, by the attempts which have been made to alter it into something else. And now a multitude of ministers of all the multiplied sects of Antichrist will begin to say, "Thus saying, thou reproachest us also," and will perhaps accuse me of dealing in wholesale denunciation, when I refuse to acknowledge them to be the true ministers of Christ. All I have to say is, if you are the true ministers of Christ, come out of Babylon, and no longer be opposed to the coming of Christ as the Bible declares he will come, to take his seat forever on the throne which God has sworn to give Him. I do not say that you and your hearers may not have been converted to Christ; but I do say, if you have, it remains for you to show it by coming out of Babylon, and by standing no longer opposed to the reign of Jesus. God never will alter His word to suit your carnal desires. He has written it, and as he has written it he will fulfill it; and if you are ashamed of it, he will be ashamed of you. Dare you believe the Bible? dare you preach it? Dare you bring out its plain testimony respecting the manner, the objects, and the time of Christís coming, and tell the world that it is truth, and meet the consequences? Or will you turn away with a sneer, and call it Millerism, and go on prating about a spiritual reign of Christ? I tell you, if you continue in that course you will be reckoned with Antichrist, when the glorious Son of David comes to take his throne. "Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues."

 

IV. IT REMAINS THAT I SPEAK OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF REFUSING TO COME OUT OF BABYLON.

 

óGod declares her downfall, and foretells her destruction in time to give all His people who may be in her, an opportunity to come out and escape; and then, as a mighty angel would cast a millstone into the sea, God will cast down Babylon, and she shall be found

 

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no more at all. And now many will begin to say, if I confess my belief in the personal reign of Christ, and that that reign is immediately to commence, I shall lose my reputation, my influence, my friends, my all that I value on earth. And has not Christ said that you must do this? Has he not positively declared "whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, cannot be my disciple?" Do you say, I did that years ago, and have been acquiring friends and reputation since, and did not expect to be called upon to lay these down? And because you have taken up the cross once, do you claim that that ought to be sufficient, and that it is too hard to do it for Christ a second time? Has not Christ said in Lu 9:23, "If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily and follow me?" Having once sacrificed all for Christ, have you now acquired something which is too dear to be given up for him? Is it not he that ENDURETH the cross, to the end, and that denies himself daily, that shall be saved? Do you begin to say, "I acquired this reputation for Christ, and hoped to use it for Him, and that it is now hard to part with it?" Very well, if you acquired it for Christ, then show your sincerity by being willing to sacrifice it for Christ when he calls. If you sought the birth of Isaac that God might be glorified in him, then be willing to offer Isaac on Godís altar, that God may be glorified the more. Remember, you can never glorify God in the use of that which you are unwilling God should take away. You will never use anything for Godís glory which you do not perfectly and continually hold at Godís disposal. It is not for you and me to say whether we will have reputation or not; but it is for us to say whether we will please God or not; and having done this, let the Lord decide what our reputation shall be. This he has decided already, that we shall have our names cast out as evil for his sake, and in this we ought ever to rejoice. Will you then, professed disciples of Jesus Christ, find the truth respecting the

 

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coming of the Lord, and hold it up, and leave the results with God? Friends will be tried and mortified, and feel themselves disgraced by you; your church will call you fanatical and foolish, thus to throw away your influence and curtail your usefulness; Satan will beset you with all manner of temptations, and a wicked world will laugh you to scorn; but can you not endure as much as this for Him who has endured ten thousand times more for you? Just remember then what must be the consequences of refusing to receive the truth and to abide by it. Babylon must be destroyed, and you with it. But, say a multitude of professed ministers and Christians, "I donít expect to be damned just because I donít believe in Millerism." Now donít let the devil cheat you out of heaven through your fears of bearing a single epithet of reproach. Does the Bible teach the personal coming of Christ to sit on Davidís throne? Has the Spirit of Christ which was in the prophets, SIGNIFIED A TIME, when it spake before of the sufferings of Christ and OF THE GLORY THAT SHOULD FOLLOW? So Peter has taught.

 

If you dare believe God, find out his truth on this subject, and hold it up to the world. If you hate the appearing of Christ, if you are opposed to his reigning personally over the earth, after God has sworn that he shall, if you are afraid or ashamed to receive and avow the truth on these momentous subjects, then blame not me for saying you are Antichrist. I do not say how many Christians, or how few there are in professed Christendom, but I do say, that in their present attitude of opposition to the personal reign of Christ, they are Antichrist, and they must abandon their present position and embrace and defend the truth, or go down with Babylon, into the bottom of the sea, and rise no more at all to life. They can have no resurrection at all, but to damnation.

 

To be found at Christís appearing, as the numerous sects now are, in an attitude of hostility to His personal reign, ashamed to believe and confess what

 

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God has revealed as to the manner and time of his coming, must be their ruin. Say not in your heart, I have long been a servant of Christ, and therefore must be safe. He cannot be a faithful servant who for any reason hates his Lordís return and wishes it deferred, nor can you see His face in peace, while fear, or shame, or love of reputation, or anything else, leads you to indulge in any opposition of heart to His immediate appearing.

 

Come out of Babylon or perish. If you are a Christian, stand for Christ, and hold out unto the end. I do not undertake to say how many in these professed Christian sects will be saved or lost, but I hesitate not to say that every individual among them, who is found a true child of God in the end, will cease his opposition to Christís personal reign, and be found at last faithfully defending the truth. Not one that is ever saved can remain in Babylon. Do not accuse me of a desire to cut you off from salvation. My only desire is to show you your danger, that I may induce you to hasten your escape; but take care I beseech you, that you do not cut yourself off by remaining in Babylon. Do you say, "I am willing that Christ should reign as he pleases?" Are you willing to embrace Christ and His truth, and so let your light shine as to meet and unshrinkingly bear the cross? The offence of the cross has not ceased in the case of those who will avow and defend Godís truth; though it must be confessed that in the popular religion of the day, there is no such thing as self denial; and this fact of itself proves that it is not the religion of Jesus. But cast off this ungodly world, carry out the religion of Jesus in all its principles, and from the Bible defend His personal coming in manner and time, His personal and eternal reign, and do your duty in seeking to induce others to prepare for it, and you will not be long in finding the cross. Thus may the Lord help you, reader, to come out of Babylon, and be no more a partaker of her sins, that you receive not of her plagues.

 

óóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóóó-

ANOTHER LETTER OF CHARLES FITCHíS

 

The following extract of a letter was written to the Editor of the Examiner by the late Charles Fitch, a few months before he "fell asleep." We see that Br. J.B. Cook has placed it in the "Appendix" to his work on "The True Source of Immortality;" but, we are sorry he should have omitted to state to whom the letter was addressed. IT there appears as if it was written to himself. For the information of those of our readers who may never have heard of Br. Fitch, we would say, he was a holy, able, and faithful minister of the gospel: one who did not shun to declare the whole counsel of God as he understood it, whatever repreach he might suffer for it. He fell asleep in Jesus, at Buffalo, N.Y., in Sept. or Oct. 1844.

 

CLEVELAND, OHIO May 25th, 1844.

 

DEAR BROTHER STORRS:óI have received a long letter from Brother Litch touching the state of the dead, the end of the wicked, &c. I t would be exceedingly pleasant to me, to be able to please him, and the dear brethren who agree with him, for I love them all, and would rejoice to concede anything but truth, to be able to harmonize with them in my views. But there is a Friend who has bought we with His blood, and I take more pleasure in pleasing Him, than in pleasing all the world besides. I never preached my present views touching the state of the dead, and the destruction of the wicked, until fully convinced that I could no longer withhold them without displeasing my blessed Lord and Master. Most sincerely and truly can I call God to record upon my soul, that I have never been influenced in this matter except by a full, solemn and irrepressible conviction to Him who died that I might live. I held my peace, most gladly, I can assure you, just as long as I dared to do it; and when I felt that I had no more right to be ashamed of Godís truth on one subject than another, I bowed to His will and consented, henceforth, to believe and teach, that when a man is dead, he is dead; and that when a man is cast into a lake of fire and brimstone, and burned up, root and branch, and utterly consumed with terrors, he cannot, after that, be eternally alive. The idea that man is a being made up of parts, some of which may be dead, and others alive, at the same time, is to me a pagan superstition out of which the Papists have contrived to raise large sums of money for their own vile purposes: nothing moved by the tremendous fact, that while they were robbing God of the glory of being alone immortal, and Christ of the power of having immortality to give.

 

With regard to those brethren who feel called on to contend against the truths that the dead are dead, and that the destruction which awaits the wicked is destruction, and not something else I have no feelings, I think, but those of brotherly love. They cannot feel any more confident that we are mistaken, than I do that they are; nor can my reasoning on the subject seem to them more futile, frivolous and inconclusive, than theirs does to me. I certainly have not adopted the views I entertain to gain any worldly good, nor can I ever renounce them for such a purpose. Having been led into them by firm conviction, and through the fear of God alone, nothing else can ever lead me back. And I feel as ready to defend the truth on these subjects in one place as in another; and I might as well attempt to suppress my breath, as to suppress these truths when I preach. I know that by the great body of Second Advent believers, with whom I am acquainted, they are admitted as truth; though ideas of expediency may induce them to be silent. I have heard a few object, but I feel persuaded that it is in some instances through fear that the promulgation of these truths will be detrimental to the influence of truth, touching the coming of the Lord. With this I have nothing to do. God will take care that the preaching of one truth shall not hinder the influence of another. I have been in Buffalo, Rochester and Cincinnati during the last two months, and I have not shunned to declare the whole counsel of God upon these subject; nor can I, wherever I may be called to preach. I have no wish to differ from my brethren, but if they ask me to withhold Godís truth, on any subject to please them, they ask what I am at no liberty to grant.

 

God willing, I shall see you at no distant day. My faith in the Lordís appearing is unshaken; and I long for it, more than I can express; and that, irrespective of my own interests. I want my Lord Jesus to wear His crown, and fully to taste the joy set before Him when He "endured the cross, despising the shame;" and I want the martyrs, who have bled for Christ; to live and reign with Him.

 

Yours in the glorious hope, CHAS. FITCH.

LETTERSóCHARLES FITCH, ONCE MORE

 

The following letter is the first we received from that dear brother after he made up his mind to put shoulder to the yoke with us on the topics therein named. If we published it at the time it was received we have no paper containing it, and now publish it from the original manuscript. We have not seen it for four years past, till a few days since, and accidentally found it among papers we had laid aside. It seemed as though just uttered, and we determined to give it to our readers. It is even today like cold water to a thirsty soul. "He being dead yet speaketh."

 

GEORGE STORRS

 

óóóóó

 

CLEVELAND, Ohio, Jan. 25, 1844.

 

Dear Bro. Storrs:óAs you have long been fighting the Lordís battles alone, on the subject of the state of the dead, and of the final doom of the wicked, I write this to say that I am at last, after much thought and prayer, and a full conviction of duty to God, prepared to take my stand by your side.

 

I am thoroughly converted to the Bible truth, that "the dead know not anything," and that all the instances in the Bible in which they are spoken of as though in a conscious state, are instances in which "God who quickeneth the dead, calleth the things which be not as though they were." Particular instances of this are seen in Godís reference to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob at the bush; in the Saviorís parable of the rich man and Lazarus; in the case of the saints, as in Revelation, looking forward to the time when they shall reign on the earth, and crying to God from under the altar for vengeance, as the blood of Abel cried to God from the ground. Another instance is found in Eze 37 where the "whole house of Israel, a valley of dry bones, EXCEEDING DRY," are represented as saying, "our bones are dried, our hope is lost." In all these cases, God, who will quicken the dead, has called the things which be not as though they were.

 

"God hath" also "chosen things which are not, to bring to naught the things which are." That is the saints who now are not, will be raised at the Lordís coming, and with Christ will execute vengeance upon all the wicked of the earth, and thus bring to naught the things which now are. This will be the stone cut out without hands, to smite the image on its feet, when all these kingdoms will be broken in pieces and consumed. I am also fully satisfied that, "when the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish, it is that they shall be destroyed forever; and that language must mean, what it would mean in any other book, in relation to any other thingóthat was to be destroyed. It means that their "end is destruction;"" punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power." If Godís presence fills the universe, and the glory of His power is everywhere to be seen in His works, then throughout all the presence and works of God, we "may diligently consider" the "place of the wicked and it shalt not be." You are right Brother Storrs, we shall have a clean universe. Thanks be to God. You can use this letter in any way, so that it speaks out. I shall not put my light under a bushel. I have preached two sermons here this week on the subject. They have produced a great uproar. Many thought I had a devil before, but now they feel sure of it. But I have no more right, my Brother, to be ashamed of Godís truth on this subject than on any other. I have not taken ground on these great truths hastily or waveringly. I have felt every inch of it, and I know it as firm as God our eternal rock; and I wish all our advent brethren to know where I stand, and all the world besides. I know that our mighty, coming Lord will take his fan, and thoroughly purge his floor, gather the wheat into the garner, and burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire. "Even so, come Lord Jesus."

 

Lest I be misunderstoodóI wish to say, very distinctly, that all the wicked must come forth from their graves to the resurrection of damnation; and have their part in the late that burneth with fire and brimstone which is the second death, and there be "utterly consumed," see Ps 73.

 

"Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection, on such the second death hath no power."

 

Your Brother in the Glorious Hope, CHARLES FITCH

 

"WITNESS TO THE TRUTH"

BY CHARLES FITCH

BIBLE EXAMINER "PROVE ALL THINGS, HOLD FAST THAT WHICH IS GOOD."

VOL. III. óPHILADELPHIA, JANUARY, 1848óNo. 1

 

"He being dead yet speaketh." Heb 11:4

 

The following letter, though published in the Bible Examiner, old series, is so valuable, and, at this time, important, that we republish it; hoping it may quicken some, and carry conviction to others who having seen the light, have apostatizedfrom it through shame, or some other cause.

 

PHILADELPHIA, July 3d, 1844 Dear Bro. Storrs:óYou remember that our blessed and adorable Lord and Master said, at the bar of Pilate, "for this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth." He having left the world, it is now the business of all his followers who hope for eternal life through faith in Him, to walk in his steps, and like him to feel and act on the admission that the end of their present life is to "bear witness to the truth." For bearing witness to the truth our glorious Lord was crucified by wicked men who hated the truth, and would not bear its light. For bearing witness to the truth, fifty or sixty millions of his followers have sacrificed their lives, sealing their testimony with their blood. It is still as truly as it ever was, the sole business of Christís followers to bear witness to the truth, and still there are conflicts to be sustained, and sacrifices to be made, and trials to be endured, by those who will be faithful witnesses for Christ. It is true that such are not now called to a martyrís death, and yet I fully believe that the faithful witness for truth in this day, will find himself in the midst of conflicts and trials, from unbelieving men, who hate the truth, which will make him feel sometimes that it would be a relief and a privilege, to be permitted to seal his testimony with his blood, and thus end the struggle. It may be said, doubtless with truth, that such may not know how they would feel if really brought to the test; yet, in the midst of their struggles the feeling will come over them at times with great power, that it would be gain to die for the truth and sleep in Jesus till the resurrection.

 

It has often been a great pleasure to me, to learn from those who have come out from pre-conceived opinion, and prejudice, and hatred of truth, to stand up fearlessly in its defense, and meet the scorn and derision and hatred and contempt of those professing Godliness who were yet haters of truth, the trials and conflicts through which they passed, and the convictions and feelings and facts, which have led them to their present position. It has also been a sweet relief and consolation to my own mind, in the midst of such conflicts as I have passed through for the truthís sake, to be permitted to relate to others the dealings of the Lord with me, and the process of mind through which I have been led to see, embrace and defend truth, for which truthís sake I have been scorned and set at naught, by those professed friends of Christ who hate it.

 

I know that with many who claim to be Christís, and who make high pretensions to an unusual acquaintance with spiritual things; fanatic, fool, maniac, and knave, are epithets sufficiently kind, to be applied to those who will sacrifice all for truth that is unpopular; and that to say they are the dupes of designing men and under the influence of the devil, is a common thing, and those who say these cruel things are righteous in their own eyes for having done so, and feel that they ought on account of them to stand higher than before in the estimation of God.

 

But, thanks be to God, there are hearts in the world who have in them enough of the meekness and gentleness of Christ, to appreciate the feelings of those who are willing to sacrifice all for truth; and to listen with candor and kindness to what they have to say in its defense. It is for such hearts that I write, and should I be the means of leading such, to clearer and more consistent views of any precious truth of God than they have hitherto entertained, to God be all the praise.

 

END OF THE WICKEDóFIRST IMPRESSIONS

 

It is now several years since, as I was crossing the ferry from Jersey city to New York, some one placed in my hands your first pamphlet on the final destruction of the wicked. I can hardly express to you the aversion, the loathing, with which I turned from it. I do not know what could, at that time, have been a sufficient inducement for me to enter upon the examination of such a subject, as one that might with any possibility be true. I regarded it in the light of something totally, eternally, and necessarily false, and in the highest degree pernicious. I should think it was eight or nine months afterwards, that for the first time in my life I met with an individual who avowed his belief in it, and urged it upon me as a truth I revolted from it and kicked against it, as Saul of Tarsus did against the truth that Jesus of Nazareth was the true Messiah. I was at that time delivering a course of lectures on the coming of the Lord; and having been told that report in the place accused me of holding to the annihilation of the wicked, I had taken good care to shield my reputation from such a stain, by a public disavowal of belief in any such sentiment, and a strong asseveration, of my full and firm adherence to the opposite opinion. The day after the subject had been presented, as I was riding, my thoughts were again turned to the subject. In connection with the coming of the Lord, I had been preaching holiness of heart and life as the indispensable preparation for such an event; telling the people that without a perfect readiness in all things to do the will of Christ, without any reserve or stipulation, and that at the expense of any sacrifice or suffering, even to the laying down of life for the truthís sake, they could not be saved; as He had said, "He that saveth his life shall lose it." The thought now rushed upon my mind, would I be willing to preach the destruction of the wicked for Christís sake, should I find it true? I shrank from answering the question more than I can express. I hoped that it was not true: I felt ashamed of such a sentiment, and most ardently desired that I might never be called to the extreme mortification of avowing my belief therein. A few scriptural facts, however, at that time were fastened upon my mind, which, together constituted an argument which I could not meet, and never has been met, to my knowledge; and I am fully persuaded never can be.

 

PROCESS OF CONVICTION

 

They were the following:ó1Ti 6:16, "Who only hath immortality, dwelling in light which no man hath seen or can see."

 

I now saw that if God only hath immortality, it does not belong to man. It is of no use to say that manís body does not possess immortality, while his soul does, for it is expressly declared that none but the invisible God, "dwelling in light which no man hath seen or can see," hath immortality. It is therefore true only of God as a Spirit; and now to say that the spirit ofman has immortality is to rob God of this perfection and give it to fallen man, whom God has declared is dust, and to dust must return. God did not say to man, thy body is dust, and thy soul immortal. Dust thou art and unto dust shalt thou return. The current philosophy teaches that the body is not the man, but a mere appendage, and that when that is dropped the man is more alive and active than ever. According to this philosophy, it is not true that man is dust and to dust returns; for this notion ascribes to man an immortality in spirit, which the Bible declares to be possessed by none but the invisible God.

 

In 2Ti 1:10, we are taught that "Our Savior Jesus Christ hath abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel." I was led to inquire at once, if immortality comes through the Gospel, how are those to gain it who reject the Gospel? This question was also to me unanswerable, and is equally so to all the world. In Ro 2 we read that at the revelation of the righteous judgment of God, he will render eternal life to those who by patient continuance in well doing, seek for glory, honor, and immortality. Again I inquired, why should man, who is declared by the current philosophy to be immortal, be enjoined in the Scriptures to seek immortality by patient continuance in well doing, if he possess it already! All these Scriptures I found to be wholly irreconcilable to the common notion that man is immortal, and produced a strong conviction in my mind, that the philosophy which taught the immortality of all mankind might prove false. It is perfectly idle here to divide man into parts, and say that some part of man is mortal, and some immortal; for if part of man is immortal, it is not true that God only hath immortality.

 

Being entirely unwilling, however, to embrace so unpopular a doctrine, as that "all the wicked God will destroy," I rested upon the declarations that the wicked shall go away into everlasting punishment, be tormented day and night for ever; and though at times I could not but admit that the destruction of the wicked might be true; yet so unwilling was I to embrace the sentiment, that I would go back again and rest on those same passages touching the duration of future punishment. In this state of mind I struggled onward, with many misgivings that I might be rejecting truth, because ashamed of it, until at Oberlin, last Fall, reasoning with them concerning the kingdom of God. To overthrow a position I had taken respecting the future inheritance of the saints in the earth, Pres. Mahan one evening went into a scriptural examination of the terms, ever, everlasting, eternal, for ever and ever. He showed clearly from the scriptures that these terms were sometimes applied to objects that must have an end, óas the everlasting mountains, the everlasting priesthood of the Jews, and the land of Idumen, whose smoke is to ascend for ever; óand thus clearly established that position, that these terms could only mean the entire duration of the object to which they are applied. When applied to God, these terms mean, as long as God exists. When applied to the righteous, as long as the righteous exist; to the mountains, or Jewish priesthood, while they exist: and of course, I said, when applied to the wicked, they mean as long as the wicked exist. I immediately told the audience that President Mahan had thrown light upon my mind, for he had fairly established the foregoing position from Scripture, and as an honest man I could not deny it. I now saw clearly that the while the wicked exist, they will exist to suffer; but I was led at once to inquire how long will they exist? Have they any promise of immortality? Or is there anything in the Bible that proves them immortal? The terms everlasting, eternal, &c., applied to their punishment, do not prove them immortal, because these terms are applied to objects which do come to an end; and hence notwithstanding these terms, the wicked may come to an end; and now I wish to ascertain from Scripture whether the wicked are to have an end. If they are immortal, then these terms, when applied to their punishment, prove it endless; but if they are not immortal, then these terms prove that while they exist, they exist to suffer. Are they immortal? President Mahan had a very curious way of attempting to get out of the difficulty into which he had brought himself, by the position which he had fully established touching the meaning of these terms. He said, when applied to the endless future, they expressed endless duration; and hence, as the punishment of the wicked had reference to the endless future, these terms expressed endless duration when applied to the punishment of the wicked.

 

But the point was this: Does the punishment of the wicked have reference tot he endless future?The terms everlasting, for ever and ever, eternal, &c., are applied to objects which have an end. Will the wicked have an end? But, says the President, these terms when applied to the interminable future, mean endless duration. This is admitted; but I am wishing to know what these terms mean when applied to the wicked: some objects to which these terms are applied have an endówill the wicked have an end? I now saw clearly that if I could prove the wicked immortal by other Scriptures, then I could prove by the foregoing terms that their sufferings were interminable; but if they were not immortal, then their sufferings would run parallel with their existence until they should be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his power.

 

HIS CONVERSION

 

Thus President Mahan completely demolished the last prop on which I had been leaning, to support the immortality of the wicked; for I knew full well, that the Bible contained nothing which began to promise immortality to the wicked, if these terms everlasting and eternal applied to their punishment did not. On the contrary, we are told that, "Yet a little and the wicked shall not be, yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it shall not be; as the whirlwind passeth so is the wicked no more; the wicked are overthrown, and are not; they are utterly consumed with terrors; they shall utterly perish in their own corruption; when the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish, it is that they shall be destroyed forever; they shall perish for ever as their own dung, they shall be chased away as a vision of the night; they shall be as though they had not been; the day that cometh shall burn them up, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch; thine hand shall find out all thine enemies, thy right shall find out those that hate thee; thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger; the Lord will swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them; their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the children of me." All these I have found to be plain Scriptural declarations.

 

Now, as the wicked have not immortality, as the terms everlasting and eternal applied to the, no not necessarily imply endless duration, unless their immortality can first be established by other proof, and as the Bible does positively declare in repeated instances they shall not be, and shall be no more, and shall be as though they had not been, the argument is conclusive. They will be destroyed for ever. He that does not see and admit this conclusion is where I have been touching this very subjectóashamed to see and fully to avow the truth.

 

Even after all this light was upon my mind, I had a severe struggle with myself before I could consent to become openly and fearlessly its advocate. I thought, or rather tried to think for a time, that it would be better to say nothing on the subject. But in that condition neither my own spirit nor the Spirit of God would give me any rest. I knew I had no right to be ashamed of Godís truth any more than of Himself, and that while professing to bear witness to the truth, I could not draw back from testifying to the whole truth, through shame or the fear of man, without drawing back to perdition.

 

If such men as President Mahan can rest upon a mere quibble, a begging of the whole question, after admitting that these terms do not always imply endless duration, but claim that they do when applied to the wicked, because they do when applied to the interminable future, I must leave them with God. My Bible tells me that the wicked shall not be, and therefore the word everlasting, when applied to them, no more proves that they always will be, than it proves the same thing of other objects which have an end Brother Miller also thinks that he has been preserved from great errors, by refusing to receive anything for truth which has one plain text of Scripture against it. I admit the correctness of the principle, and therefore I cannot believe in the immortality of teh wicked; for I am told that they shall be utterly consumed with terrors, and that they shall not beóand I know that there are very many plain texts which do not plainly teach the same thing. For the same reason I cannot believe that the wicked are to be taken to the moon or to any other part of the universe to be punished: because the word of God plainly declares, "Behold the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth, much more the wicked and the sinner." They must therefore receive their recompense in the earth, and that recompense is to be, "burned up root and branch." These truths through great trials and struggles, I was at length constrained by the fear of God to avow and defend. I cannot shrink from them without offending God, any more than our dear brethren can withhold truth on the coming of the Lord. I see Christ exalted to give life and immortality. I see man in the dust destitute of immortality, because of sin. This honors Christ and abases man. I must glorify Christ by presenting Him as the giver of life. I must abase man by showing him that he is dust, and then encourage him by pointing him to Christ for life. May the Lord guide us all into His blessed truth, and bring us quickly to His glorious kingdom.

 

CHAS. FITCH

 

LETTER TO LITCH

 

MY DEAR BRO. LITCH:- You will, doubtless, remember that when you called at my house some months ago, you requested me to examine the Bible doctrine respecting the second coming of Christ, and write you the result of my investigations.

 

Having now looked at the subject, until I feel that my mind is settled and established, and my feet placed on "the Rock," I take great pleasure in attempting to communicate my views and feelings to you, according to your request.

 

Permit me here to say, that it is my wish to bear testimony, on this momentous subject, to the world, as extensively as the Lord shall permit. I shall therefore endeavor to lay before you, as briefly as possible, my convictions, on the main points of truth touching the doctrines of Christís second coming, with the chief arguments on which my own mind rests, for proof of the positions which I regard as fully established; hoping that the Lord will open a way whereby this communication may go into the hands of my friends as extensively as possible, and of as many others, as shall seem good to Him, before whom I expect soon to render my last account. I take pleasure in saying, to the praise of God, that I enter upon this work with a sweet and delightful witness in my soul, (from Godís Spirit, as I fully believe,) that I am doing that which pleases Him; sincerely desiring thereby to glorify the name of Jesus Christ, my God and Saviour, and to do good to souls for whom he shed his blood.

 

I will here state the process of mind, by which, in the providence of God, I have come to my present convictions respecting the truth of the Bible on the subject under consideration.

 

It is now somewhat more than three years and a half, since the lectures of William Miller, on this subject, were put into my hands. At that time I had neither read nor heard anything of the views which he advocates, nor did I know anything of the subject of which his work treated, except that it was concerning the millennium. His book, therefore, was to my mind an entire novelty. I took it up, as we often say, by mere casualty; but, as I fully believe, by the wise direction of Him who numbers the hairs of our heads. I devoured it with a more intense interest than any other book I had ever read; and continued to feel the same interest in it, until I had read it from beginning to end for the sixth time. My mind was greatly overwhelmed with the subject, until I felt that I could truly love Christís appearing, and that I could therefore hope with Paul, that there was laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which God, the righteous Judge, should give me at that day. -The subject then seemed to me to be surrounded, and fortified, on all sides, with an array of scriptural testimony, which nothing could overthrow.

 

In that state of mind, I wrote to Mr. Miller; but as I have no copy of the letter, I do not remember whether I did or did not, express myself to him as fully convinced of the truth which he advocated. It is my impression, however, that I did. About the same time, also, I wrote and preached to the people in Boston, with whom I was then laboring, a couple of sermons, designed to lay before them the theory of Christís second coming at hand, which Mr. Miller advocated, and the evidence on which the truth of the doctrine rested; telling them that I expressed no opinion of my own, but wished them to examine the subject for themselves. Having also, at the same time, an appointment to read an essay for criticism, before the Suffolk South Association of Congregational Ministers, of which I was then a member, I laid the same subject before them. In expressing their minds with regard to it, the first said "moonshine;" the second said "ditto," and another said "the prophecies canít be understood." I think there were two whose feelings seemed revolted at the idea that the prophecies could not be understood; but there were none present who seemed to sympathize in the impression that there was truth in the subject, or that it was worthy of investigation. I left the meeting much pained, and, if I rightly remember, not a little mortified; for there was much laughter over the subject, and I could not help feeling that I was regarded as a simpleton, for entertaining the thought that there could be any truth, in what seemed to them such palpable nonsense. I did not feel ready to say to them that I coincided with Mr. Miller; for the subject was new to me, and I had not sufficiently surveyed and examined the ground to attempt much by way of defending it, even if I had had an opportunity. Soon after this, I found opportunity to converse with an aged clergyman, for whom I have great respect, and who, as I then believed, had given more attention to the prophetic parts of the Scriptures than any other man in this country, and had written and published much, and with great acceptance. The firmness and fluency with which he opposed Mr. Millerís views, led me to feel that it might be owing to my ignorance that I was so much impressed on reading his book; and the reproach which I saw would come upon me, if I advocated them, led me to lay the matter aside. Some time after, when a member of the Association asked what I then thought of Millerís book, I said, (for the sake of retaining his good opinion,)" I was much overwhelmed with it at first, but now I donít think anything of it." The truth is, that the fear of man brought me into a snare; I was unwilling at this time to appear as an advocate of the truth defended by Mr. Miller; but neither Scripture nor argument had ever settled the convictions of my mind to the contrary.

 

After this, I left Boston and went to New Jersey, where my mind became deeply absorbed in examining the subject of full sanctification by faith in Christ. So fully had all my previous teachings set me against that doctrine, and so unprepared was I in my experience to appreciate its value, and the blessedness to be derived from it, that it was a long time before I felt established and confirmed in the belief and experience of it, as a doctrine of the Bible. But I was at length led by the Holy Spirit to cast myself by faith upon the faithfulness of Him, who is declared "faithful to sanctify us wholly, and to preserve our whole spirit and soul and body blameless unto the coming of Christ." -In doing this, I have found a blessedness in Christ, which is indeed a "peace that passeth all understanding," and a "joy unspeakable and full of glory." Such was the power of the gospel which I now felt in my own soul, that I thought, if God were to fill the whole earth, as he had filled me with the blissful manifestations of his spiritual presence, it would make this world a blessed place indeed; and as I knew that he was "able to do for us exceeding abundantly, above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us," and had said, "But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord," I preached, as the expected millennium, the universal prevalence, and experience of entire sanctification. -Respecting the Christianís delightful privilege, to be "sanctified wholly, and preserved in spirit, soul and body, blameless to the coming of Christ," throí his faith in the faithfulness of Him who hath called him, and will do it; I have the same blessed convictions and experience that I have for a considerable time entertained: but I think that I now better understand what that coming of Christ meant, to which God is faithful to preserve us blameless; and also better what Paul meant by exhorting "as many as be perfect," like him to "forget the things behind, and reach forth unto those before; and thus follow after, to apprehend that for which they are apprehended by Christ Jesus, if by any means they may attain unto the resurrection of the dead." In the state of mind which I have described, I remained up to the time when you called upon me, having delightful enjoyment in my soul, from receiving Christ as "of God made unto me sanctification," as well as "wisdom, righteousness, and redemption," and endeavoring, by all means in my power, to urge the blessed doctrine and experience of holiness, or full sanctification through faith in Christ, upon all who call themselves his people. I rejoice, dear brother, in thus opening my feelings to you on this subject, that you are prepared to appreciate my feelings, by your connection with that branch of Christís visible church, whose founder, and whose ministry, for the most part, I trust, to this day, have felt and preached the importance and practicability of being fully sanctified to God; and many of whose members, I believe, from my acquaintance with the writings of some, and my delightful personal intercourse with others, have, and do now enjoy this blessing in its rich experience. To "abide in Christ and sin not," I believed to be the privilege of all Godís people, and felt that I had been taught it by the Holy Ghost; and when I thought of the coming of Christ, I said the great question is, "Who shall abide the day of his coming, and who shall stand when he appeareth?" Let us see to it that we are prepared, by being wholly the Lordís, and then it matters not when the day arrives.For preaching the doctrine and experience of entire sanctification, I lost my church connection, and became, in part, an ecclesiastical outcast. But I gained deliverance, in this process, from the fear of man, and learned the blessedness of fearing God, and him only, and of relying on his arm, instead of that fleshly arm of ecclesiastical countenance and support, on which I had been accustomed to lean.

 

I cannot say, my brother, that I felt anything like cordiality in seeing you; but I now bless God, and give you thanks for the call, and praise the name of the Lord, that I was so far emancipated from the power of the beast, as not to be afraid to examine a subject because it was unpopular.

 

After you left me, I examined the books which you gave me, and felt my former convictions respecting the truth and importance of the subject reviving. I looked into the words of Moses, and searched the prophets and the Psalms, not forgetting that Christ said, "All things written" therein "concerning me must be fulfilled." I felt myself surrounded with light and truth; but still I seem to have been more in the condition of one swimming, than of one who had found a firm place for his feet. About this time, I set apart a day of fasting and prayer, and laid myself before the Lord. While lying upon my face at the feet of my blessed Saviour, I felt the following blessed promise most sweetly applied to my mind: "The meek shall he guide in judgment, and the meek shall he teach his way." I could not doubt that this application was by the Holy Spirit. I know that some may deride this idea, but I believe that it is the privilege of Christís disciples to know the Comforter, and understand his teachings. Christ said, "the world cannot receive" him, "because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him; but ye know him, for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you." -During this day of fasting and prayer, I was made to feel the unspeakable blessedness of being disposed of forever to the highest honor of Jesus. It seemed to me that there was a perfect heaven in the thought of being placed, forever and ever, in just that position in the universe where I should be made the highest honor to him who had, for my sake, suffered polluted sinners to spit in his face, and heap upon him every manner of foulest insult and hellish cruelty, and then to cast him out and put him to death with thieves. My whole being seemed to flow out in one gushing desire to this effect, -let Christ have all his due of me, let him have all the glory that belongs to him; and I felt that to be disposed of to that end, would be to me the perfection of bliss. I felt that I had no wish either to live or to die, either to soar and shine with the highest and brightest in glory, or to lie among the most obscure in the lowliest position that a ransomed soul will ever fill in heaven, if I might but have just the place where I should forever render to Christ the full meed of praise, which he has so abundantly deserved from me. On searching the Bible, and examining truth, since that time, all has appeared delightfully plain to me. Godís word, in his great and glorious plan of salvation, has seemed full of light, and the things of His glorious and eternal kingdom easy to be understood.

 

My mind is now in a state of delightful rest in the Lord, touching the whole matter; and I feel fully prepared, and happy, to lay before you what I believe to be the truth, and the arguments by which I find it supported.

 

RESURRECTION.

 

I. I believe that the two resurrections, spoken of in the twentieth chapter of the Revelation, will take place literally, as there laid down; that "the souls which were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which have not worshiped the beast, neither his image, neither have received his mark in their foreheads, or in their hands," will live and reign with Christ a thousand years; that this is the first resurrection-and that the rest of the dead will not live again until the thousand years are finished. This thousand years I believe to be the millennium, and the only millennium which has ever been promised to the church.

 

My reason for this opinion is, that I take the plainly revealed word of God, in this chapter, for truth, and know of no reason for doing otherwise; and because I find not one passage in all the Bible to support the idea of a millennium previous to the resurrection.

 

I know it is maintained by those who are looking for a millennium before the resurrection, that the resurrections spoken of in this chapter are mystical. I do not receive that opinion, because I do not find one text of Scripture, nor one shadow of an argument, by which to support it. I believe that if the resurrections spoken of in the twentieth chapter of Revelation, are not to take place, literally, as therein laid down, then it is utterly impossible to prove from the Bible that there ever will be a resurrection; because the same arguments that would prove these resurrections mystical or figurative, would prove the same thing with equal force respecting any other passage of the Bible which speaks of a resurrection, and so the Bible doctrine of a resurrection becomes a mere figure, and all vanishes into mysticism. Such opinions I discard.

 

It is said, I know, that if this first resurrection is literal, none but martyrs will then be raised. -This is to me a strange position. (1.) All who have been beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God. (2.) All who have not worshiped the beast or his image, or received his mark, are to live and reign with Christ a thousand years. This is the first resurrection. The rest of the dead live not again till the thousand years are finished. Who is the beast? According to Daniel, the secular power, or any power that attempts to control the world for its own purposes, in opposition to Christ, who only has a right to rule. It seems plain to my mind, therefore, that those who do not worship the beast, or his image, are those who submit to Christ and have laid their entire being at the foot of the cross. I suppose, therefore, that all who have said we will have Christ to reign over us, will live and reign with Him a thousand years; that this is the first resurrection; that the "Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with him," (Zec 14:5,) at that time, and enjoy their millennium together; while "the rest of the dead, (the wicked,) live not again till the thousand years are finished."

 

I believe that "Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection; on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be kings and priests of God, and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years."

 

I believe that "when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations, Gog and Magog, in the four quarters of the earth." I believe this Gog and Magog to be "the rest of the dead," who "live not again until the thousand years are finished" -that is, all the wicked; that these will then go up on all the breadth of the earth; i. e., will then be raised from the dead and compass the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city; that fire will come down from God out of heaven and devour them; that the devil that deceived them will be cast into the lake of fire, where the beast and the false prophet are, and will be tormented day and night forever and ever; and that this is the second death.

 

I believe these things because "thus saith the Lord," in the twentieth chapter of Revelation, and because I know of no shadow of a reason for calling them mysticisms. The opinion that they are mysticisms, I believe to be one of those groundless traditions of men, by which the commandment of God is made of none effect. I believe that the doctrine of a first and second resurrection was taught by Christ, in Joh 5:28,29: "Marvel not at this: for the hour cometh, in the which all that are in their graves shall hear His voice, and shall come forth, they that have done good unto the resurrection of life, and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of damnation." I find, on examination, that the Greek preposition, eis, which in this passage is twice translated, unto, might with equal propriety have been translated, at, and then the passage would have been plain, fully harmonizing with the twentieth chapter of Revelation. -I believe, therefore, that Christ meant to teach, that all who are in their graves shall be raised; those who have done good, at the resurrection of life-those who have done evil, at the resurrection of damnation.

 

II. How will Christ dispose of the righteous and the wicked, who shall be found on the earth, at the time of His coming?

 

I believe, from the testimony of Paul, in 1Th 4:14-18, that when Christ comes, the dead in Christ will rise; that all Godís people, who are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord, shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air-and so shall ever be with the Lord. I believe that all the righteous, according to Paulís testimony in 1Co 15:52,54, will then, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, be changed from corruption to incorruption, from mortal to immortality, and be caught up with the saints, then raised immortal from their graves. I believe, however, that no such change will then pass upon the bodies of the wicked who are alive at Christís coming; but then will be fulfilled that fearful prediction of our Lord Jesus Christ, which He declared, in the seventeenth chapter of Luke, shall be fulfilled "in the day when the Son of man is revealed." "I tell you, in that night, there shall be two in one bed, the one shall be taken and the other shall be left. Two shall be grinding together, the one shall be taken and the other left. Two shall be in the field, the one shall be taken and the other left." When Christ was asked-Where, Lord? "he said unto them, wheresoever the body is, thither will the eagles be gathered together." That is-wheresoever the righteous and the wicked are together when the Son of man is revealed, there shall the righteous be changed to incorruption, and caught up, in the twinkling of an eye, to meet the Lord in the air, while the wicked shall be left.

 

I believe, with Malachi, the prophet, that the "day" will then have come, "that shall burn as an oven, and the proud and all that do wickedly shall be as stubble, and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch." I can have no fellowship with any interpretation of Scripture, that can make such a declaration, enforced with "thus saith the Lord," to be a mere figure. I believe that, as truly as the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed by fire and set forth as an example, so truly will all the wicked of the earth be thus destroyed, in fulfillment of the prediction of Isaiah xxxiii:12. "The people shall be as the burnings of lime, as thorns cut up shall they be burned in the fire." Then also, in fulfillment of Jer 25:33, "The slain of the Lord shall be from one end of the earth, even unto the other end of the earth; they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground." Then, also, will be fulfilled the prediction of Ezekiel, (xx:47,48,)-" Say to the forest of the south, hear the word of the Lord. Thus saith the Lord God, Behold I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree; the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. And all flesh shall see that I the Lord have kindled it; it shall not be quenched." The prophet continues, "Ah, Lord God, they say of me doth he not speak parables." Thus even now do the wicked think to escape the force of Godís threatenings by calling them parables. But they will learn that the declaration, "thus saith the Lord," is no figure of speech; that the fearful threatenings thus sanctioned, will have a complete fulfillment. At the same time will be fulfilled the words of Daniel, (Da 7:9-11,)" The Ancient of Days will sit; his throne the fiery flame; his wheels burning fire; a fiery stream issuing from before him; then will the beast be slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame." Thus it will be seen that "in the hand of the Lord there is a cup, the wine is red, it is full of mixture, and he poureth out of the same; but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out and drink them." Ps.lxxv:8. Then, as declared by Hosea, (Hos 4:3,)" shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field and with the fowls of heaven; and the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away." Then, according to Joel, "shall there be a noise of chariots: on the tops of the mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array. Before their face the people shall be much pained; all faces shall gather blackness." Joel 2:5,6. Then, as predicted by Amos, "the Lord will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither." Then will he "send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Benhadad; a fire upon the wall of Gaza, which shall devour the palaces thereof; a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof; a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah; a fire upon the wall of Rabbah, which shall devour the palaces thereof; a fire upon Moab, that shall devour the palaces of Kirioth; and a fire upon Judah, that shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem." Then, according to Obadiah, "shall the house of Jacob be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and there shall not be any remaining of the house of Esau; for the Lord hath spoken it." Then, also, will the word of the Lord, by Micah, be fulfilled, "For behold the Lord cometh forth out of his place, and he will come down and tread upon the high places of the earth. And the mountains shall be molten under him and the valleys shall be cleft as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place."

 

Then, as foretold by Nahum, shall "the mountains quake at him and the hills melt, and the earth be burnt at his presence, yea the world, and all that dwell therein." Then, also, according to the vision of Habakkuk, will "God come from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran, and will behold and drive asunder the nations, and the everlasting mountains be scattered, and the perpetual hills bow, and the tents of Cushan be in affliction, and the curtains of the land of Midian tremble." Then, also, the words of Zephaniah will be realized: "I will utterly consume all things from off the land, saith the Lord. I will consume man and beast; I will consume the fowls of heaven, and the fishes of the sea, and the stumbling-blocks with the wicked. Therefore, wait ye upon me, saith the Lord, until the day that I rise up to the prey; for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, even all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured in the fire of my jealousy." Then, also, shall come to pass the words of the Lord by Haggai: "I will shake the heavens and the earth; and I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will overthrow the chariots and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother." Then, as by Zechariah foretold, "This shall be the plague wherewith the Lord shall smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem, (i.e., all who have persisted in their opposition to Christ,) their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongues shall consume away in their mouths."

 

That will be the day, foretold by Malachi, "that shall burn as an oven, and the proud, and all that do wickedly, shall be as stubble; and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch."

 

Thus I have found in every one of the prophets except Jonah, an express declaration respecting the destruction of the wicked from off the earth. Nearly all the prophets speak of fire as the agent of that destruction.

 

My object has been to cite a single passage only from each writer of sacred prophecy. Those who will search the prophets, will find their declarations on this fearful subject exceedingly numerous. Moses, and the writers of the Psalms, speak of the same dreadful day. Thus God speaks by Moses in De 32: "For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains. I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them. They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction." The same destruction is several times repeated in the same chapter.

 

So also in Ps 24:16: "The face of the Lord is against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth." Ps 50:22: "Now consider this, ye that forget God, least I tear you in pieces and there be none to deliver." Ps 97:3: "A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his enemies around about." A single passage from Job 21:30: "The wicked is reserved to the day of destruction; they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath." This also is the time foretold by Christ, in his interpretation of the parable of the tares of the field. Mt 13:40-43: "As therefore, the tares are gathered and burned in the fire, so shall it be in the end of the world. The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity, and shall cast them into a furnace of fire; there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. -Who hath ears to hear let him hear." This, let it be remembered, is not a parable, but the interpretation of a parable; and, therefore, will be literally fulfilled.

 

At that time, as Paul declared to the Thessalonians, "will the Lord Jesus be revealed from heaven, with his mighty angels, in flaming fire, taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power." This is the overthrow of Babylon set forth in the Revelation of John. Thus will be fulfilled what is written in Isa 13:9: "Behold the day of the Lord cometh, cruel, both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate, and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it."

 

Thus, brother, I believe that when Christ shall come, he will raise the righteous dead, and change the righteous living from corruption to incorruption, and that then all the righteous will be caught up together in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and be evermore with the Lord. I believe that when Christ has gathered his elect from the four corners of the earth, all the wicked will be destroyed by fire, as the wicked of old by a flood; and thus, according to Ps 37:20, "the wicked shall perish, and the enemies of the Lord shall be as the fat of lambs; they shall consume, into smoke shall they consume away." That thus, according to Pr 2:22, "the wicked shall be cut off from the earth, and the transgressors shall be rooted out of it."

 

III. What will Christ do with the world, when he shall have caught up the righteous to himself in the air, and burned up the wicked?

 

I believe, according to Peter, that then "the earth also, and the works that are therein, shall be burned up." 2Pe 3:10. That, according to Isa.xxxiv:9, "the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch." I shall not cite other passages on this point, because all who profess to believe the Bible, admit that this earth is to be destroyed by fire.

 

IV. What are we to expect after the destruction of the earth by fire? Peter tells us, in his second epistle, (2Pe 3:13,) what to expect: "Nevertheless, we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness." The promise to which Peter here refers, is in Isa 65:17: "For behold I create new heavens, and a new earth; and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind." Also Isa 66:22: "For as the new heavens and the new earth which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain."

 

I believe that in this new earth will be fulfilled the promises which God made respecting Christ. Lu 1:30-33. "And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David; and he shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end." God said to David, by Nathan, (2Sa 7:16,)" Thine house, and thy kingdom shall be established forever before thee; thy throne shall be established forever." In Jer 33:17, we read, "For thus saith the Lord, David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel." So also in Isa 9:6,7: "For unto us a child is born, unto us a Son is given, and the government shall be upon his shoulders; and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice, from henceforth even forever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this."

 

Christ cannot have an endless dominion in this world, for it is to pass away. The throne of David cannot here be established forever-nor can the Son of David here sit on that throne forever. But in the new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness, all these promises of God may have a literal fulfillment. That they will then and there be fulfilled, I am perfectly assured.

 

Again; in the new earth, and there only, can the promises be fulfilled which God has made to the righteous. It was said to Daniel, (vii:18,)" But the saints of the Most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever." Verse 27. "And the kingdom, and the dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him." Nothing is plainer than that the saints cannot "possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever," in this world. In the new earth they may, and most certainly will; as God is true. In that new earth will be fulfilled what is written in Ps 37: "The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein forever." There, "the meek shall inherit the earth, and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace." There "those who wait upon the Lord shall inherit the earth." There "such as be blessed of him shall inherit the earth." There "those that wait on the Lord and keep his way, shall be exalted to inherit the land. There, according to Pr 2:21, "the upright shall dwell in the land, and the perfect shall remain in it." There, too, shall they enjoy the beatitude spoken of by Christ: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousnessí sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." It is the new earth which "the righteous, the meek, shall inherit, and dwell therein forever, and delight themselves in the abundance of peace." That is the kingdom of God, and there "the pure in heart shall see God." There "the wicked shall be cut off from the earth, and the transgressors shall be rooted out of it." -Pr 2:22. There, in that earth, shall be fulfilled Ps.xxxvii:10: "For yet a little while and the wicked shall not be, yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place and it shall not be." There, while the Lord "forsaketh not his saints, but preserveth them forever, the seed of the wicked shall be cut off." Ps 37:28. There, those who were {Heb 11} "as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea-shore innumerable; who all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth,"," will find all these promises fulfilled. They declared plainly, "that they sought a country, a better country, even a heavenly, wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, and hath prepared for them a city." In that new earth they will have it. There the promise to Abraham, that he shall be heir of the world, will be fulfilled to him, and to all who are his seed through the righteousness of faith. There the father of the faithful will forever inherit the Canaan in which he has never yet possessed a place on which to set his foot.

 

V. I believe that the Bible places a great amount of clear and striking evidence before us, that the accomplishment of all these great and mighty things is near, even at the doors.

 

This evidence lies before my own mind in the following form:

 

I find that the prophecies of Daniel were given with the plain design, as it seems to me, of setting forth a connected chain of events from a given period to the end of this world, and the setting up of Christís eternal kingdom of glory. This chain of events is first given us in Danielís interpretation of Nebuchadnezzarís dream. Dan.ii. He saw an image with head of gold, breast and arms of silver, belly and thighs of brass, legs of iron, and feet part of iron and part of clay with the ten toes. This vision was made known to Daniel by that God in heaven who revealeth secrets. The head of gold, was the Babylonian or Chaldean kingdom; the breast and arms of silver, was another inferior kingdom that should arise after the first; the belly and thighs of brass, another third kingdom that should bear rule over all the earth. Then a fourth kingdom should arise, as strong as iron, to break in pieces and bruise; to be at length, in a state of partial weakness, in a condition represented by ten toes; i.e., divided into ten portions, or kingdoms: "And in the days of these kings (or kingdoms) shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom that shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and shall stand forever. Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it break in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure." That this was a chain of events reaching from Nebuchadnezzar to the end of all worldly kingdoms, and the setting up of Godís everlasting kingdom, seems to my mind as plain as a sunbeam; and equally plain to my mind is the fact, that these events have all transpired, in the exact order laid down in the prophecy, except the last; and that, consequently, all that we have now future, as predicted in this prophecy, is that the stone, cut out of the mountain without hands, grind the kingdoms of this world to powder, that they may be blown away as chaff; and become itself a great mountain, and fill the whole earth. -The Chaldean kingdom, which was the first, the Medo-Persian kingdom, which was the second, the Macedonian or Grecian kingdom, which was the third, and the Roman kingdom, which was the fourth, have all arisen and long since passed away, with the exception of the last form of the fourth or Roman kingdom, which was to continue in the condition represented by the ten toes, until the setting up of the everlasting kingdom of God. For, "In the days of these kings (or kingdoms) shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed." This last form of the Roman kingdom, as all know, or may learn from history, has now been in existence more than thirteen hundred and sixty years; and yet in the days of these kingdoms will the God of heaven set up his kingdom, which shall never be destroyed. The toes of that great image have already existed in their dissevered state longer than the whole image before them, and the evidence to my mind is forcible, that they must soon become powder, under the stone cut from the mountain without hands, and be blown away; giving place to Godís kingdom that shall never be destroyed.

 

In the first year of Belshazzar, Daniel had a vision; in which were placed before him a lion, a bear, a leopard, and a fourth beast dreadful and terrible, with great iron teeth, and ten horns, three of which were at length plucked, and their place occupied by a single horn, having eyes like a man, and a mouth speaking great things. Then the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of Days did sit, with garment white as snow, and hair like pure wool, and throne like fiery flame, and wheels as burning fire; a fiery stream issuing from before him; the beast was slain at length, and his body destroyed and given to the burning flame; when one, like the Son of man, came, to whom was given dominion and glory and a kingdom; an everlasting dominion that should not pass away, and a kingdom not to be destroyed-with whom the saints of the Most High should take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom, forever even forever and ever. Daniel was then told that these great beasts were four kings (or kingdoms) which should arise out of the earth previous to the establishment of the kingdom of God. We have, therefore, before us, in Danielís vision, the same chain of events, as in the vision of Nebuchadnezzar, with some additional particulars respecting the fourth or Roman kingdom. The figure is now ten horns of a beast, instead of ten toes of an image. The representations are parallel to this point. Now Daniel saw three horns or kingdoms, into which the Roman kingdom had been divided, giving place to a single horn or kingdom, that should speak great words against the Most High, and wear out the saints of the Most High, and have them given into his hand, until time, times, and the dividing of time; when the judgment should sit, and his dominion be taken away; and the kingdom and the dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven be given to the people of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and whom all dominions shall serve and obey. -This Daniel said, should be the end of the matter.

 

Now that this chain of events, with all these additional particulars respecting the fourth beast, have had a literal fulfillment, except the giving of the kingdom to the saints, there is not in my mind one shadow of a doubt. Three Roman kingdoms were subverted, according to the representation of three horns plucked up; and upon their foundation was established the papal power, -the horn that had eyes, and a mouth speaking great things; and he has worn out the saints of the Most High, and had them in his hand during time, times, and the dividing of time.

 

I believe that the Herulian, the Vandalian, and the Ostrogothic, three of the original Roman kingdoms, were subverted, and that then, by decree of Justinian, the Bishop of Rome became head of all the churches, in the year 538. This was the commencement of papal power, and since that time the pope has worn out the saints of the Most High, and had them in his hand, until, according to the Religious Encyclopedia, "it has been computed that fifty millions have suffered martyrdom by his authority." I believe that the time, times, and dividing of time, should be reckoned, as a year, two years, and a half year, making 1260 days, reckoning 12 months in a year, and 30 days in a month; and that each of these days was designed to denote a year; so that time, times, and the dividing of time includes 1260 years. From 538, when the power of the pope commenced by decree of Justinian, 1260 years would terminate in 1798. -I believe that in February of that year the pope was taken prisoner by Berthier the commander of a French army, and carried captive into France, where he died; that that, therefore, was the termination of the time, times, and dividing of time. Since that time there has been an attempted resuscitation of papal power; but the saints have never since that time been in the hands of that power, -but protestantism, contrary to the will of the pope, has been tolerated in all the kingdoms over which he formerly had sway.

 

I believe, therefore, that this vision of Daniel was designed to set forth a connected chain of events, from the time of Belshazzar, to the final end of all worldly kingdoms, and the full establishment of the everlasting kingdom of God, and that this chain of predictions has had an unbroken fulfillment, with the single exception of the coming of the Son of man with the clouds of heaven, to take his everlasting dominion and glory and kingdom, giving the body of the beast to the burning flame. I believe, therefore, that all we have now to look for, is this one mighty event, that shall make that chain of predictions complete. And hence, I believe that it is near, even at the doors.

 

By their fruits ye shall know them.

 

THESE were the words of our Saviour to his disciples, warning them to beware of false prophets which should come to them in sheepís clothing, but inwardly were ravening wolves. It places in our hands at once a criterion by which we may try the doctrines of men to see of what manner of spirit they are. By this each false theory becomes its own detector. By their fruits ye shall know them, is the immutable decree of Heaven, and men cannot evade it. Grapes will not grow on thorns, nor figs on thistles; the fruits will speak for themselves and no artifice of man can make them lie.

 

If there ever was an age of the world in which people had need to make use of this criterion and search for truth as for hid treasures, it seems to be the present, when we are assailed on all sides by the superstitions of men, seducing spirits and doctrines of devils. To illustrate our subject we introduce a specimen of the fruits of spiritualism. It is an extract from an article in the Spiritual Telegraph for Aug. 13th, 1853, entitled, Wrestling with a Spirit. It says:-

 

At another time several friends had come together to witness the strange power that seemed to be at work at the house of Brother J. A. While the rapping was going on, one of the company denounced the whole thing, said he did not believe it was Spirits, or if it was, they could not rap and move tables, etc. -And he defied and dared the Spirits, saying he could throw down or whip any Spirit. The Doctor then inquired of the Spirit that was rapping at the time if he could wrestle; he said he could. The Spirit was then asked if he was willing to wrestle and show fight with that gentleman; he said he was. The brave man then told the Spirit to follow him out into the yard, and started; all the circle rising from the table, when it commenced moving toward the man, rose from the floor and hit him several hard blows before he reached the door, which hastened his steps; and as he passed out, the table, or rather stand, was thrown at him, only missing him a little, striking the door facing about midway, denting and scaring the facing, bursting off the top of the stand, breaking the legs, splitting the upright post, leaving indentations as though bullets and shot had been fired into it, the medium not touching it, only following close after, and out into the yard, where the spirit-fighter had arrived unhurt.

 

But now commenced a new struggle: he began striking, jumping as though he was contending with flesh and blood, manifesting all the signs of determined bravery, and to fight it out to the last. He was several times thrown hard on the ground, then struggled and re-gained his feet, and down he would come again. This mode of testing the invisibles continued until the Spiritís adversary was sorely wounded, and worried out of breath and physical strength. He finally re-gained his foot-hold and made a hasty retreat into the house up a flight of stairs, taking to himself a private room, closing the door after him, Ďdeclaring that he never wanted to fight Spirits any more, and that if they let him alone he would let them alone;í the Spirit not pursuing a fleeing foe, for I presume they are too noble for that. Thus ended the contest between a man in the flesh and one out of it."

 

By this we are reminded of an occurrence which took place in the days of the apostles, recorded in Ac 19:13-16. "Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits, the name of the Lord Jesus saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth. And there were seven sons of one Sceva, a Jew, and chief of the priests, which did so. And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye? And the man in whom the evil spirit was, leaped on them, and over-came them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded."

 

It is universally admitted that like agents produce like results; hence, like spirits will do like works; and if the spirits, which, in the days of the apostles, would leap on men, and overcome them and oblige them to flee naked and wounded, were evil, as Luke (who was the writer of the Acts) plainly declares, it follows that those who will do the same works in the nineteenth century are no less evil. By their fruits, says Christ ye shall know them. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Mt 7:15,16,19. It is a natural and reasonable conclusion, that those who would "show fight" in the days of Paul, and those who will do so at the present time, belong to the same class.

 

Said the spirit, Jesus I know and Paul I know; but who are ye? It appears then that the spirits will know with whom they have to deal; and herein lies our safety: that we possess enough of the power and spirit of God to be able to resist their influence. -Here is the promise: "And these signs shall follow them that believe: In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; .. and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover." Mr 16:17,18.

 

At this age when the world is fast being drawn in to the great whirlpool of spiritualism, when Satan is working with all power and lying wonders, we do well to take heed to the Apostleís warning: "Finally my brethren, be strong in the Lord and in the power of his might. Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness (margin, wicked spirits) in high places. Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand." Eph 6:10-13.

 

Then can we say as did the seventy whom Jesus sent out, when they returned with joy, saying, "Lord even the devils are subject unto us through thy name;" though in this we are commanded not to rejoice, but rather rejoice that our names are written in heaven. U. S.

 

Rochester, N. Y., Sept. 19th. 1853.

 

 

A DISCOURSE BY CHARLES FITCH

 

THE ADVENT REVIEW, AND SABBATH HERALD.

 

"HERE IS THE PATIENCE OF THE SAINTS; HERE ARE THEY THAT KEEP THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD AND THE FAITH OF JESUS."

 

R&H VOL. IV. -ROCHESTER, N.Y., THIRD-DAY, DECEMBER 20, 1853. -NO. 24.

 

_________________________________________________________

 

A DISCOURSE.

 

BY CHARLES FITCH.

 

"Shall I not visit for these things? saith the Lord. Shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this? A wonderful and horrible thing is committed in the land: the prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love to have it so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?" Jer.v:29-31.

 

THE object of this discourse is to show the application of the foregoing text of sacred Scripture to the existing state of things in the professedly religious world.

 

I. THE PROPHETS PROPHESY FALSELY.

 

II. THE PRIESTS BEAR RULE BY THEIR MEANS.

 

III. THE PEOPLE LOVE TO HAVE IT SO.

 

IV. WHAT WILL YE DO IN THE END THEREOF?

 

I. THE PROPHETS PROPHESY FALSELY.

 

I. The Lord Jesus Christ, the faithful and true witness, has taught us, in his own interpretation of the parable of the tares of the field, that the children of the wicked one, the tares, are to grow together with the children of the kingdom, the wheat, until the harvest, which is the end of this world; when the angels, the reapers, shall gather the wicked as tares and cast them into the fire, and they shall be burned; and that then the righteous shall shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father.

 

The false prophets tell us, however, that the time is coming in this world, when "none shall say to his neighbor or his brother, Know the Lord, for all shall know him, from the least of them to the greatest of them." In this they directly contradict Christ, who says the children of the wicked one are to grow here until the harvest, which is the end of this world. To make out their theory, however, the false prophets say that not all shall know the Lord, but that there shall be some wicked among the righteous, at the very time when God says "all shall know me, from the least of them even to the greatest of them."

 

Thus the false prophets contradict God. The wicked shall not dwell in this world to the end of it, because all shall know the Lord. But all shall not know the Lord, because their will be some tares, or wicked until the harvest, which is the end of this world. Let them choose for themselves on which horn of the dilemma they will be transfixed. They are false prophets for they contradict God. The truth is, both of these declarations of God shall stand. The wicked will dwell in this world until the end of it, when they will be burned as tares in the fire; for this earth itself, as we are told by Peter, is reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. But there shall be, according to Godís promise by Isaiah, to which Peter refers, new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness; and there, "and then, shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father;" and then "all shall know him, from the least of them even to the greatest of them, and none shall say to his neighbor or his brother, Know the Lord."

 

Again. God tells us by Paul, in his epistles to the Thessalonians, that "the man of sin, the son of perdition," (which is well understood to mean the Roman Catholic Church,)" is to be consumed with the spirit of Christís mouth, and destroyed with the brightness of his coming;" which coming shall be "with his mighty angels, in flaming fire, taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power." The prophet Daniel, speaking of the same power, says it "shall make war with the saints, and prevail against them, until the Ancient of days shall come;" which he explains to be the coming of the Son of man in the clouds of heaven to take his dominion and glory and kingdom, that all people, nations and languages should serve him; which is the time, as Daniel teaches, when the judgment shall set, and the books be opened.

 

But the false prophets tell us, that, before the Son of man shall come in the clouds of heaven to judge the world there shall be a thousand years, and some say "three hundred and sixty thousand, probably," during which the kingdom, and the dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; a period of great duration, when "there shall be nothing to hurt or destroy in all Godís holy mountain."

 

How, then, can the enemies of the saints make war and prevail against them, until the Ancient of days, the Son of man, comes, and the judgment is set and the books opened? We see, again, that the false prophets contradict God.

 

The truth is this. The "man of sin" shall remain until Christís coming, and then be destroyed. He shall make war with the saints and prevail against them, till the Ancient of days appears, and the judgment shall set and the books be opened-and then the bodies of them who have opposed the saints, shall be given to the burning flame; after which "the saints of the Most High shall take the kingdom, and shall possess the kingdom for ever even FOR EVER AND EVER." This is no temporal millennium, after which the saints are to be dispossessed, and the wicked are again to inhabit the earth.

 

Again. The false prophets tell us, that at the sounding of the seventh trumpet, the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ, by the universal spread of the gospel and the conversion of all nations to the truth.

 

But the Bible says, that at the sounding of the seventh trumpet, the third woe cometh, when the Lord God Almighty, which is and was and is to come, shall take to him his great power and shall reign-and the nations shall be angry, and Godís wrath shall come, and the time of the dead that they shall be judged-and God shall give reward unto his servants the prophets, and to the saints, and to them that fear his name, great and small-and shall destroy them that destroy the earth.

 

Then let the world understand that the false prophets prophesy a lie unto them-for when the seventh trump shall sound, and its attending wo be poured out, it will be found to consist, not in the conversion and salvation of all nations, but in their destruction by the great power of the Lord God Almighty.

 

Again. The false prophets say, that, after Christ, at the sounding of the seventh trumpet, shall take possession of the nations, by converting and saving them, and there shall be a millennium of peace and safety-the wicked shall again prevail, and the prevalence of Christís kingdom on earth shall cease. But God has said by Daniel, in the interpretation of Nebuchadnezzarís vision, "the God of heaven shall set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever." -So also it is declared, at the sounding of the seventh trumpet, by great voices in heaven, "the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord and his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever."

 

O, wonderful and horrible thing! thus to deceive men with this promise of a long period of unprecedented peace and safety, when God is just ready to pour out all the vials of his wrath. If the truth were faithfully and fearlessly proclaimed, multitudes would be made sensible of their danger, and would seek and find a place of safety while there is hope. But being deceived by this cry of peace and safety, from these false prophets, they will be emboldened to continue in sin until they perish. This is the very time predicted by Paul, 2Tim.iv:3: "For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts they shall heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears, and they shall turn away their ears from the truth and be turned unto fables,"

 

Hence the FABLE of a golden age, a glorious millennium of peace and safety to this world, previous to the coming of Christ for the destruction of the ungodly. This is the very thing to gratify those who lust for the things of earth. I know there is a time coming when "the Lord will comfort Zion, when he will beautify her waste places, and make her wilderness as Eden and her desert like the garden of the Lord." But this must be the time spoken of in the Revelation, when the new heavens and new earth shall appear, "and the tabernacle of God shall be with men, and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, nor any more pain; and there shall be no more curse." Then only can there be a state of things like Eden, where was no evil. When Godís curse is removed, then, in the restitution of all things, "the wilderness shall be as Eden and the desert like the garden of the Lord." But will God destroy the earth, after he has thus restored and beautified it, and made it like the garden of the Lord? Never. This is to take place in that new earth, which God says shall remain before him. See Isa.lxv:22.

 

To promise the fulfillment of these glorious things to this accursed world, which God has reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men, and thereby cry peace and safety to the wicked, and lull them asleep in their sins till they perish, is horrible-horrible-horrible!! Shall not God visit for these things? Shall not his soul be avenged on such a nation as this? Thus do the prophets prophesy falsely.

 

II. The priests bear rule by their means.

 

In consequence of this fable of a glorious millennium to this world, which for almost six thousand years has been lying under the curse of God, and bringing forth continually its thorns and thistles-a fable which false prophets have invented; the priests at this time bear rule over the people, and keep them at ease in sin. By preaching and praying much about this expected time of peace and safety, they turn the attention of men aside from the immense importance of being prepared for the coming of the great and notable day of the Lord, which is at hand, "when the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat; the earth also, and the works that are therein shall be burned up, and the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven, with his mighty angels, in flaming fire, taking vengeance on them that know not God." Some, in faithfulness to God and the souls of men, are raising the note of warning, endeavoring to show the people that "the end of all things is at hand;" that "the coming of the Lord draweth nigh;" that "yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry;" that the signs which were to precede the Lordís appearing and the end of the world are fulfilled, and that consequently the coming of the Son of man in the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory, to gather his elect, and cast the wicked into a furnace of fire, is near, even at the doors. But while these are endeavoring, by the terrors of the Lord, to persuade men to flee from the wrath to come, the priests, on the authority of the false prophets, are crying, "the end is not yet;" "my Lord delayeth his coming;" "peace and safety;" there are a thousand years yet, and probably three hundred and sixty thousand years of such peace and safety as the world never saw, before Christ will come to destroy it. This declaration is made and reiterated by priests of all names and sects-orthodox and heterodox-from the most rigid adherent to the doctrine of future endless punishment, to the most unblushing advocate of no punishment for sin beyond this life. Those who utterly abhor each other in the professed priesthood, are agreed to say the Lord delayeth his coming, and to promise long peace and safety to this world, which God has cursed and reserved unto fire, against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

 

Not that all professed ministers are knowingly and willfully uttering falsehood. They are deceived, and are deceiving one another, and deceiving the people; and thus vast multitudes are bound together in the same deception. If a man appears with the truth on his lips, entreating the people to shake off their deathlike lethargy, and arise and trim their lamps, and be ready to meet their coming Lord, the priests are ready to warn and admonish, and even entreat the people not to hear. In this way they bear rule by the means of the false prophets.

 

III. The people love to have it so.

 

This is true of great multitudes who call themselves Godís people. Their love to Christ has waxed cold, and consequently they do not love his appearing; but, like Demas, they do love this present world, and therefore any fable, however groundless, which promises them long enjoyment in possessing the trifles of this world, is gladly received: they love to have it so. Others, who are doubtless truly and devotedly the children of God, have been so long accustomed to anticipate a temporal millennium, that their affections have become strongly entwined around it, and they are now manifestly unwilling to give up the long-cherished expectation, even for that blessed hope of the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ. They cannot say with the Apostle, "our conversation (polituma, i.e. citizenship) is in heaven, from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself." -The glorious coming of the Lord, and the glorious resurrection of all the righteous, and the establishment of Christís kingdom, and glory, and dominion, which shall never pass away, nor be left to other people, are all eclipsed from the minds of such, by the millennium which false prophets have thrown between them and their approaching Lord. Thus the people love to have it as the false prophets and the priests have taught them, that the Lord delayeth his coming. Some love the thought from a desire to gratify worldly lusts, and others because of a confirmed habit of regarding a temporal millennium as a truth which it is sacrilege to touch; and all are exceedingly backward, if not entirely unwilling to admit that there is evidence that our glorious Lord will soon appear.

 

They love to have it that the coming of him, whom they profess to love above all other beings, is yet far distant. They say, some of them, that Christ cannot be sufficiently glorified in his everlasting kingdom, unless his coming is delayed until the number of those prepared for heaven shall greatly exceed the multitude of the lost; notwithstanding Christ has himself declared that "many go to destruction, and few find life; {Mt 7} that "many are called but few chosen." O, it is horrible! truly horrible! to look into the Bible, and examine the overwhelming proofs that the coming of Christ, and the day of dreadful destruction upon the wicked is at the door, and consequently that their last opportunity of making their peace with God is now fast wasting away; and to behold prophet and priest combined together to say, "my Lord delayeth his coming," and to promise peace and safety to a world devoted by its Maker to speedy destruction! Said an unconverted man, recently, after listening to the truth relating to the second coming of Christ, "Where are our ministers? We have been paying them to tell us the truth, and they have kept it from us; and now Christ is just upon us, and we are unprepared." So it is; and many, very many, doubtless, have thus been deceived to their own eternal undoing. How is it, that when the apostles, even in their day, so repeatedly alluded to the fact that the end of all things was at hand, those who live almost eighteen centuries nearer that great and notable day, are now taking it upon them to teach that it is far off? If not willful deceivers, they must be deceiving others, in consequence of being themselves deceived. They must, on this infinitely momentous subject of Christís second coming to judge the world, be blind leaders of the blind. May the Lord, in mercy, save both the leaders and those who are led, from falling together into the tremendous ditch which is just before them, and from which there is no recovery! Neither Christ, nor one of the apostles, has anywhere hinted at anything like such a period of peace and prosperity previous to the resurrection of the righteous, as these prophets and priests are promising the world; nor does the Old Testament furnish any ground for it, except as those glorious promises, which are to be fulfilled to the righteous above, in their eternal state of blessedness, after the destruction of this accursed world, and of the wicked with it-are dragged into this unhallowed work, and made to promise immense periods of "peace and safety" to a world which Godís own word has reserved unto fire, against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. O Thou, who alone art able to open the understandings of men, that they may understand the Scriptures, in things pertaining to thy kingdom, lead all who call themselves by thy name, to "cry after knowledge, and lift up their voice for understanding-to seek her as silver, and search for her as for hid treasure;" and then may they truly understand the fear of the Lord, and find the knowledge of God, in things appertaining to the glorious appearing of our blessed Lord and Saviour! And O, be merciful to the souls, who, by the cry of peace and safety, have hitherto been encouraged to go on in their sins!

 

I am aware that many will say, "we utter no cry of peace and safety, though we declare that the Lordís coming is not now at hand." But it is only necessary to notice who they are who listen with approbation to such as say, "the end is not yet," and to observe the manner in which they are affected by it, to see clearly that it is regarded by them as a cry of peace and safety, and that it does exert this very influence on their minds. All cold-hearted, worldly-minded professors of religion, all unconverted sinners, skeptics, Deists, Atheists, Universalists, and all the vicious and abandoned of every grade, love to be told that the Lordís coming is not at hand. This is a pleasant sound to them, and they approve and applaud all such as exert themselves to show that the Lordís coming is far distant; and I freely admit that there are many deceived souls among those who, we believe, are the true children of God, who are still attempting to make it appear that their Lord will yet be long absent. The wicked, however, do show that their fears are greatly lulled to rest when told that there are no good reasons for believing that their Lord will soon come. Say, if you please, "we tell the wicked that there is not an hourís safety for them, though the coming of the Lord is distant, since they may be called any moment to die;" but there is nothing in the thought of death that can scarcely begin to be as effective in rousing men to prepare for what is before them, as in the thought that Christ will soon appear in the clouds of heaven to judge and reward them according to their works.

 

IV. And what will ye do in the end thereof?

 

I know that there are many who ask, what will be the result of saying the end of all things is at hand? But I read in my Bible, Isa.lxvi:5: "Hear the word of the Lord, ye that tremble at his word; your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my nameís sake, said, let the Lord be glorified-but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed." I have learned to tremble at the word of the Lord. I can say with one of old, "My flesh trembleth because of thee, and I am afraid of thy judgments." I am afraid, when I read in the Bible what is coming upon the wicked, and coming soon, right soon. For "he that testifieth these things saith, surely I come quickly." It was declared near eighteen hundred years ago, and therefore must now be at the door. But what will those do who have prophesied falsely, in saying that the Lordís coming is far off, and the priests who have borne rule by their means, and the people who have loved to have it so-who have taken delight in being deceived? What will they do when the coming of the Son of man shall be seen as lightning from the one part under heaven to the other part under heaven; when it shall come upon them as a thief in the night; when they shall still be saying "peace and safety, and behold sudden destruction?"

 

O, ye thoughtless, unbelieving ones, what will ye do in the end thereof; when "the people shall be as the burnings of lime, and as thorns cut up shall be burned in the fire; when the day of the Lord cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate, and he shall consume the sinners thereof out of it;" when "the day cometh that shall burn as an oven, and the proud and all that do wickedly, shall be as stubble, and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch;" when the Lord shall visit for these things, when his soul shall be avenged on such a nation as this, O, what will ye do in the end thereof? Unbelievers, false prophets, priests that bear rule by their means, people that love to have it so, what will ye do in the end thereof? -Sec. Ad. Lib. No. xvi.

 

 

THE GLORY OF GOD IN THE EARTH.

 

A SERMON-BY CHARLES FITCH.

 

But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord. Nu 14:21.

 

THIS oath of God must be fulfilled; for "not one good thing of all that the Lord hath spoken" can fail. Thanks to the name of the Lord, the full accomplishment of every letter of this oath is, like the eternal existence of him who uttered it, an absolute, unfailing certainty; and in the certainty that all this must be brought to pass, there is enough to wake earth and heaven to song. All this Isaiah beheld in vision, when he "saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphim; each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another and said. Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts. The whole earth is full of his glory."

 

That day must be seen. That it never has been seen, all will admit. The glory of the Lord, which is thus to fill the earth, unquestionably includes his perfect holiness. This is the glory which the seraphim are represented as beholding and praising. Zechariah foretells the same time, when "holiness to the Lord shall be written upon the bells of the horses, and when every pot in Judah and in Jerusalem shall be holiness to the Lord." Now if all the earth is to be full of the glory of the Lord, then the hearts of all men must be filled with holiness; so that, as under the influence of Satan, "every imagination of the thoughts of menís hearts has been only evil and that continually, "the time will come when every imagination of the thoughts of menís hearts, shall be holiness to the Lord, and that continually. Now this, all this, must be true of every individual on the face of the earth; for his will is to be done in earth as it is in heaven, and all shall know him, "from the least of them, even unto the greatest of them;" so that none shall say to his neighbor or brother, know thou the Lord. Until holiness shall thus become complete and universal, it cannot be said that Godís will is done in earth as in heaven, or that there is no occasion to say, "Know the Lord." Just so far as sin remains, the earth is filled with the glory of Satan, for he it is, who reigns in the children of disobedience.

 

With regard to the manner in which these glorious predictions are to be fulfilled, there are two views entertained by different classes of the Lordís professed people.

 

Some are expecting that the gospel will prevail in the earth, previous to Christís coming, until all shall know the Lord, from the least of them, even to the greatest of them-i.e., all mankind shall be so converted and sanctified to God, that his will shall be done in the earth, in the heart and life of every individual, as it is done in heaven. All this must be accomplished, since God has covenanted to "sprinkle clean water upon them, and to cleanse them from all their filthiness and from all their idols." Now when this is done in all the earth, then, and not till then, will Godís oath be fulfilled, and all the earth be filled with his glory. Those who expect that all this will be accomplished by the gospel previous to Christís coming, expect that after the gospel has thus prevailed, there will be an apostasy, of such long continuance, and of such general prevalence, that when he shall appear, he will find the world as it was before the flood, and as the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah; and that these wicked ones will then be cut off from the earth, and the earth itself be destroyed, and be no more.

 

Now that there can be no such universal prevalence of the gospel in this world previous to Christís coming, when all shall know the Lord from the least of them even to the greatest of them, and God shall sprinkle clean water upon them, and cleanse them from all their filthiness and from all their idols, and thus fill all the earth with his glory, is absolutely certain, from what Christ has taught us in the parable of the tares of the field. We there learn that the children of the kingdom, and the children of the wicked one, are to grow together, until the end of this world, like wheat and tares until the harvest. And since the earth cannot be filled with the glory of the Lord, while the children of the wicked one are in it, and they are to remain in it until the end of this world, when the Son of man, at his coming, shall send his angels and gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them that do iniquity, and cast them into a furnace of fire; it is plainly a matter of absolute certainty, that the gospel never will prevail, before the end of this world, so as to fill all the earth with the glory of the Lord.

 

Again: Christ said, "My kingdom is not of this world." This ought to satisfy any reasonable mind, who looks at it, that his kingdom is not to come in this world, so that the will of God shall be done on earth as it is in heaven.

 

Again: We are told in the seventh chapter of Daniel, of a wicked power that shall make war with the saints and prevail against them until the Ancient of Days shall come, i.e., Christ. Here, therefore, it is also rendered absolutely certain that all the world is not to be converted before Christís coming.

 

Again: Paul taught the Thessalonians that the man of sin, (i.e., the Papacy,) shall be destroyed with the brightness of Christís coming; and of course he will not have been converted before Christís coming, and the earth therefore cannot be filled with the glory of the Lord by the universal prevalence of the gospel, before Christ appears.

 

Again: Those that expect that the kingdoms of this world are to be given to the saints, by the universal prevalence of the gospel before Christís coming, expect that, after a period the saints will be compelled to yield it again to the prevalence of wickedness; so that it shall become again as before the flood, and as the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah; when Christ will appear and destroy it. But God has foretold, by Daniel, that "the saints of the Most High shall take the kingdom, and shall possess the kingdom, for ever, even forever and ever." In the thirty-seventh Psalm we are also told, that the righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein forever. In the sixtieth chapter of Isaiah we are told, "Thy people also shall be all righteous; they shall inherit the land forever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified."

 

Then it is certain that the saints will never lose possession of the earth, when once they shall receive it. It becomes, therefore a matter of absolute certainty that there can be no temporal millennium, after which the wicked shall again possess the earth, after the righteous have had it as their inheritance. They are to dwell therein forever. They are to "possess it forever, even forever and ever." To make these passages consistent with the doctrine of the temporal millennium, a beloved brother, who has recently written on this subject, has concluded that this millennium, must last more than a thousand years, and probably may continue 360,000. But nearly 360,000 years is not "forever, even forever and ever." But we are told by the dear brethren who advocate a temporal millennium, that these terms do not express or imply endless duration. But if "forever, even forever and ever," does not express or imply endless duration, I would ask what terms can express it?

 

It is truly painful to see our dear brethren, who are unwilling to admit that the coming of our blessed Lord and Master is at the door, resorting to the same mode of reasoning to get rid of this blessed and glorious truth, that Universalists do to escape the doctrine of endless punishment. And it would seem, moreover, that these brethren do not allow as much meaning to these terms, as even Universalists themselves. If I rightly apprehend the reasoning of Universalists, they would admit that "for ever, even for ever and ever," when applied to this world, must mean to the end of this world. But these brethren have not even a Universalist for ever and ever in their mode of reasoning; because, according to their theory, after the saints, the righteous, have inherited the land, and dwelt therein for ever, and have possessed it for ever, even for ever and ever, the wicked are again to possess it; and after all this, when mankind have apostatized, and become as before the flood, and as in the days of Sodom and Gomorrah, Christ is to come, and the world is to be destroyed. I should as soon think of persuading myself to believe that an unclouded sun at noon-day did not give light, as that the fact, that when the saints possess the earth, they are to possess it for ever, even for ever and ever, did not prove that there can never be such a thing as a temporal millennium. If it is in the power of language to express endless duration, such terms must express it. It does not help the matter to say it expresses a very long period. If there is any end to this duration, it is not "for ever, even for ever and ever." The last lingering expectation of a temporal millennium is by such language entirely exploded from my own mind.

 

Again: When the "kingdoms of this world become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ," he is to "reign for ever and ever." Now the Universalist explanation of this term would make it mean, as long as the world stands. But those who believe in a temporal millennium, must admit that when Christ has reigned over this world for ever and ever, it is yet to be given again to the wicked, so that at Christís coming it shall be as before the flood, and as in the days of Sodom, and then it is to be destroyed. These brethren, therefore, are compelled to go even farther than Universalists in accommodating the language of the Bible to their theory of a temporal millennium. Daniel saw one "in the night visions, like unto the Son of man, come with the clouds of heaven; and there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations and languages should serve him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed." And yet, according to the theory of a temporal millennium, it must pass away and be destroyed; for the wicked shall again possess the earth as before the flood, and as in the days of Sodom, and after this it must be destroyed at the coming of Christ. The angel who foretold the birth of Christ, said, "The Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David, and he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there shall be no end." Now he who believes in a temporal millennium, is obliged to admit that Christís kingdom on earth must have an end; for the wicked are again to possess it according to this theory; and after this it is to be destroyed at Christís coming.

 

It is utterly vain to think of evading this reasoning by saying that the eternal reign of Christ and his saints will be somewhere besides in this world. Christ has said "to him that overcometh will I give to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my father in his throne." John heard this song, "thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof; for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood, out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation, and hast made us unto our God kings and priests; and we shall reign on the earth."

 

It is therefore certain that Christís kingdom, with his saints on the earth, is to be a kingdom of which there shall be no end; and it is, consequently, wholly impossible that this kingdom should be found in a temporal millennium. Besides, "the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, are to live and reign with Christ a thousand years; and this is the first resurrection. I know we are told that this does not mean those souls that were beheaded, but another generation like them. They cannot, however, be like them, unless they shall live under the same circumstances, and be beheaded as they were. It is impossible to have another race of martyrs in a thousand years of universal peace. It is the veriest nonsense to talk of this. Those that were beheaded for Christís sake, are to live and reign with him on the earth. The thousand years spoken of, does not mark the period during which they shall reign; because they are to possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever; but they mark the period from the first resurrection to the second; when the rest of the dead, who live not again until the thousand years are finished, are to be raised; and it is a fearful consideration, that all who are raised in the second resurrection, are raised to the second death. The wicked are now brought forth to the second death, while those who have reigned with Christ from the first resurrection, reign still, and for ever, because on such the second death hath no power.

 

The theory of a temporal millennium, therefore, before Christís coming, is to me a groundless fable. I have no more expectation that it will ever come, than that the walls of Jericho will be built up, the present year, around the city of New York, with the self-same stones which fell down at the blast of the ramís horns. The children of the wicked one are to remain with the children of the kingdom until the end of the world, when Christ will come with his mighty angels in flaming fire and destroy them. Until that coming, the man of sin is to make war with the saints and prevail against them. At that coming he will be destroyed.

 

How then is the earth to be filled with the glory of the Lord?

 

This inquiry I will now answer, from the word of God. 1Th 4:13: "But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not even as others which have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so, [that is, in like manner] them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord, shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, and with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God, and the dead in Christ shall rise first." Here we are taught that all the dead in Christ shall, at his coming, be raised from the dead, "even so," that is, in like manner as he was. It does not say all the dead, but all the dead in Christ; because, as we are taught in the twentieth chapter of Revelation, all who are Christís, shall come forth in the first resurrection, while "the rest of the dead live not again till the thousand years are finished."

 

Christ having raised the righteous dead at his appearing, "then we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord, shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air; and so shall we ever be with the Lord." 1Co 15:52. "In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump, for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed." Not all the living will thus be changed, for Christ has told us, in the seventeenth chapter of Luke, that in the day when the Son of man shall be revealed, one shall be taken and another left.

 

Christ, therefore, at his coming, will take up the righteous dead and the righteous living to be with him, and all the wicked will be left. The wicked dead will be left under the power of death for a thousand years, plainly and positively taught in the twentieth chapter of Revelation, and the living wicked will be gathered as tares and burned.

 

At the same time will take place that destruction of the world by fire, * to which Peter tells us it is reserved against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men; and after this, we are promised new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. 2Pe 3; Isa 65:17; 66:22. John says, [Re 21,]" I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. And I John saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a great voice out of heaven, saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away." Here, then, we are taught that the tabernacle of God is to be with men in the new earth.

 

Then it is the new earth that shall be filled with the glory of the Lord; while the children of the wicked one are to remain with the children of the kingdom till "the end of this world," and then the wicked shall be cut off from the earth, and the transgressors rooted out of it, and the upright shall dwell in the land, and the perfect shall remain in it. Pr 2:21,22. In the new earth the perfect will remain for ever; for "there shall be no more death." There they shall "inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever," "and God shall dwell with them." There "the saints of the Most High will take the kingdom and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever;" which they cannot do in the earth which now is, because it "is reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men." Therefore, because this world cannot remain, we look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness, according to the promise of God. There "the meek shall inherit the earth, and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace." There "Israel shall be saved in the Lord with an everlasting salvation: they shall not be ashamed nor confounded, world without end." There, also, the Son of man, the God spoken of in the twenty-first of Revelation, will have his tabernacle with men; and there will be "given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages should serve him; and his dominion will be an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed." There "He shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there shall be no end." These things never can be in the earth that now is, because it is reserved unto destruction by fire, as we are told by Peter, by the same word of God which destroyed the old world by a flood.

 

óóóóó

 

* This, we think, will not be till the end of the 1000 years. ED. REVIEW.

 

óóóóó

 

According to the theory of a temporal millennium, therefore, the Bible cannot be fulfilled, and the dear brethren who attempt to uphold that theory, are compelled to resort to the hackneyed quibbles of Universalists, respecting those Bible terms which express endless duration as fully as language can express it, in order to help them out with their views, and get rid of the conviction that the coming of the Saviour is at hand. For as surely as the children of the wicked one are to remain with the children of the kingdom until the harvest, which is at the end of this world, which Christ has fully taught, and as surely as Christ is to have a kingdom without end, which the saints are to possess "for ever, even for ever and ever," so certain it is, that the theory of a temporal millennium must be a fable, as unreal as the novelistís vainest tale.

 

We are told in the hundred and second Psalm, that "when the Lord shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory." This is the time when the Son of man shall appear in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory, and shall send his angels to gather his elect. Then "evil-doers shall be cut off, but those that wait upon the Lord, they shall inherit the earth. For yet a little while and the wicked shall not be; yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it shall not be; but the meek shall inherit the earth, and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace." "The seed of the wicked shall be cut off; the righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever." Then will Godís oath to Moses be fully accomplished, "and as truly as God lives, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord." Then will the earth be filled not only with the glory of Godís holiness, but Christ in his glorious body will reign, and the bodies of all saints will be "fashioned like unto Christís glorious body," and earth itself will receive the fulfillment of the promise, "there shall be no more curse," and shall put on the glory of the New Jerusalem, and shall be lighted up with the glory of God and the Lamb. Thanks be to the name of the Lord, this is not a glory that shall fade away, after a period of a thousand, or even 360,000 years; but it shall remain an everlasting light, a sun that shall no more go down. Everlasting praise to God, for such a glorious fulfillment of his oath!

 

But, say some of our beloved brethren, there must yet be a great multitude saved. The gospel must yet prevail a great while, so that at last the number of the lost shall be trifling in comparison with the multitude saved; and they think it must be so because of Godís unspeakable benevolence. And so the Universalist, upon ground equally as good, takes Godís benevolence as security that all will be saved. But one "thus saith the Lord" is worth volumes of such reasoning. Said our blessed Saviour, "Enter ye in at the strait gate; for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, which leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat. Because strait is the gate and narrow is the way which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it." Thus we have the declaration of Him who cannot lie, that many go to destruction, and few find life. Where now is the necessity of putting forth our hands to stay up the ark of Godís benevolence, by saying that few must be lost, and many saved, in order that God may fully vindicate himself? It is the self-same notion, to all intents and purposes, on which men attempt to build the doctrine of Universalism. But everything of this sort must be swept away, and "like the baseless fabric of a vision, leave not a wreck behind;" while the words of Christ will remain an eternal truth, many go to destruction, few find life. Nor will he lack ways or means to vindicate his own benevolence, when his own words on this subject are found to be strictly true.

 

But, say many, the Jews are yet to return. The Jews did return from the Babylonish captivity, and not a word has the Bible uttered of another return. The New Testament gives not a hint of any such thing. All Israel shall be saved. Such as are in their graves will Christ bring with him, and such as are alive will he change to immortality, and take them up to be with him, and all the wicked will be left. The thirty-seventh of Ezekiel shows unequivocally that Israel is to be called up from their graves and brought into their own land. It must be the new earth, therefore, after the first resurrection.

 

CONCLUSION.

 

It is a matter of absolute certainty that those who preach a temporal millennium, are only spreading the cry, "My Lord delayeth his coming." I know there are many dear brethren who in uttering this cry, "verily think they are doing God service." I once uttered the same cry, thinking it according to the will of God. But I hope to obtain forgiveness, because I did it ignorantly and in unbelief. There was a time, after the truth had been placed before my mind, and I was unable to overthrow it, that I preached a temporal millennium; but I had not at that time so given myself to prayer, and so received the light of the Holy Spirit, as to have the glorious truth written on my heart, from the abundant testimony of the Scriptures, that the glorious coming of my Saviour is indeed at the door. But God has given me a spirit of prayer on this subject, and in answer thereto has made me "in his light to see light;" and everlasting thanks be to his name. I can now lift up my head and rejoice, knowing that the full, glorious and eternal redemption of all Godís people, from all their enemies, is near, even at the doors.

 

Far be it from me to say that all who now hold a temporal millennium before Christ appears, are purposely saying, My Lord delayeth his coming. They have been deceived, as I was, by this delusive, false-prophet cry, and verily think that they do God service. But I do believe that this monstrous error was got up by that great deceiver, for the very purpose of deceiving the world, and lulling them into that fatal security, in which, Christ coming suddenly, will find them sleeping; and that the result of preaching a temporal millennium will be the everlasting destruction of vast multitudes of souls.

 

I beseech every minister of Jesus Christ, whose eye may rest on this page, to set his face, as did Daniel, to seek the Lord by prayer and supplication, with fasting and sackcloth, and ashes, until the Holy Ghost shall be sent to give him skill and understanding in the word of God; so that he no longer flatter the world with the cry of "peace and safety," while sudden destruction is just upon them, "as travail upon a woman with child, and they shall not escape."

 

The effort is now made to show, that our Saviourís words in the twenty-fourth chapter of Matthew, were fulfilled at the destruction of Jerusalem, and that he did then come in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory; or at least what was intended by that declaration, was then and there fulfilled. Thus again, the same effort is made to get rid of the doctrine of Christís coming at hand, that Universalists have been accustomed to make, to get rid of the doctrine of endless punishment. It is truly painful to see the professed servants of Christ taking up the very weapon which the devil has forged, and using them, as though to smite their Lord and Master in the face, and drive him back, as he is coming in glory to claim his own, and reign with them in righteousness and peace forever. Blessed Lord, open their eyes!

 

When the day that burneth as an oven shall have consumed the wicked as stubble, and the earth and the works that are in it are burned up; and the new earth, of which Peter had heard the promise, and which John in vision saw, is completed: then will the righteous descend with the glorious new Jerusalem, and inherit that good land and dwell therein forever. Thanks be to God forever and ever! Then shall his oath be fully redeemed, and his glory fill all the earth. O, let saint and sinner, pastor and people, be ready for the coming of this great and notable day of the Lord! O, may we be saved from the doom of him who shall be found saying, "My Lord delayeth his coming!" Lord, "gather not my soul with (such) sinners;" but let me be found watching, and giving each their portion in due season. -Daily Midnight Cry, 1842.

 

 

Extract of a Sermon by Bro. C. Fitch,

 

Preached in College Hall, Cincinnati, 1845.

 

Now, what is the method by which men in these last days have contrived to blind their own eyes, and shut out every ray of light from their understanding touching the momentous events which are about to break upon them? It is what is called the spiritual fulfillment of prophecy, which claims that what God has said is one thing, and what he means is another. To support their theory, the whole mass of spiritualizers, from Daniel Whitby downward, have never been able to produce any proof but their own unauthorized assertions. They talk loudly and learnedly, to be sure, about principles of interpretation, but the whole of them have never been able to produce any such thing. Why donít they talk about principles of interpretation for Gibbonís Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, or Rollinís Ancient History, or Gilleís Greece, or Milnerís History of the Church? Why, simply because they know that if they were to talk thus about such works as these, they would talk nonsense. Then why will they be forever prating their stupid nonsense about principles of interpretation for the Bible? If the Bible is not a book that expresses its own meaning in the language which it uses, it is not a revelation, and never will be, till the God who gave it shall give us another, to explain this. I would like to know where the man is, who is wise enough to tell us what God means when he himself has not told us: but has used language which expresses not his true meaning, but something else. The men who dare to talk thus, as all those do who talk about rules for a spiritual interpretation of the Bible, ought to stand aghast at their own monstrous impiety. It is only a method which the Devil has helped men to invent, of making the word of God of none effect by their traditions.

 

There was a time when both the first and second advent of our Lord were yet future. There was then as much reason for saying that his first Advent would be spiritual, as that this would be the manner of the Second Advent. -Just as much reason for saying that he would be born spiritually of a spiritual virgin, in spiritual Bethlehem; and be carried away spiritually into spiritual Egypt; and return spiritually, to have a spiritual abode in spiritual Nazareth; and become thus a spiritual Nazarene; and at length ride spiritually into spiritual Jerusalem, on a spiritual ass: and be spiritually betrayed by a spiritual Judas, for thirty pieces of spiritual silver, into the hand of spiritual enemies; to be spiritually spit upon with spiritual spittle; crowned with spiritual thorns, smitten with spiritual stripes, nailed to a spiritual cross, to die a spiritual death, after having been spiritually athirst and presented with spiritual gall and spiritual vinegar in a spiritual sponge; his spiritual garment being spiritually divided among spiritual soldiers; dying at last a spiritual death, and coming forth in a spiritual resurrection. Just as much reason, I say, for saying that all these things would be spiritually fulfilled in his first Advent, as that he would come spiritually the second time, in spiritual clouds, attended by spiritual lightning, burning up his enemies with spiritual fire and brimstone, and taking his seat on the spiritual throne of David, and establishing a spiritual kingdom for a spiritual reign. Now, since everything that had reference to the first Advent has had a literal fulfillment according to the plain import of language, and God has thus proved to us that he has spoken to us just what he meant; where is the least shadow of a reason for saying that Christ is to come in a spiritual way? O what stupid nonsense have the wise ones of this world been accustomed to receive for truth, touching the glorious coming and kingdom of our Lord! O, that God would tear away the covering from their eyes, and let them see their own immeasurable folly, that they might be ever-more ashamed of themselves, and learn that when a God who cannot lie, speaks, he utters what he means in language which he intends those who hear him to understand. This spiritualizing stuff is but the miserable drivelings of unbelief, a way which the devil has helped men who are wise in their own conceit to invent, for keeping up the hypocritical pretense of faith in God, while they make him a liar. 1Joh 5:10. "He that believeth not on God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record which God gave of his Son."

 

Nothing is more manifest than that multitudes who profess to believe the Bible, who read it every Sabbath in their public assemblies, and perhaps daily in their families, do not after all credit the plain testimony of the Lord. It is not long since I was conversing with a professed minister of the gospel, to whom I remarked, that as we are told by Paul, the man of sin would be found in the temple of God until destroyed by the brightness of Christís coming, when he should be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels in flaming fire, and hence that there would be no temporal millennium previous to the Saviourís Advent. O, he replied, "that will be a spiritual coming." Now, that man did not believe the Bible on this subject, and is just as truly a hypocrite with regard to the Second Advent of Christ, as the Jews were with regard to the First Advent. The same thing is true of the vast multitude who pretend to believe God, and then take this spiritualizing way of making him a liar. They profess to believe the Bible, but will not take what God has said for truth. This whole system of spiritualizing rests on the monstrous assumption that when God says one thing, he means another. The whole mass of spiritualizers are challenged to furnish the faintest shadow of proof, that when the Saviourís Second Advent is spoken of, something else is meant.

 

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POEM BY CHARLES FITCH

 

The following sentiment expressed by brother Fitch was adopted by him:

 

Earthís scoffs and scorn well pleased Iíll bear,

 

Nor mourn thoí under foot Iím trod,

 

If day by day I may but share

 

Thine approbation, O my God,

 

The friends I love may turn from me,

 

Their words unkind may pierce me through,

 

But this my daily prayer shall be-

 

Forgive, they know not what they do.

 

Let me but know, whereíer I roam,

 

That I am doing Jesusí will,

 

And though Iíve neither friends nor home,

 

My heart shall glow with gladness still

 

Then all the scoffs and scorn Iíve borne

 

For his dear sake, who died for me,

 

To everlasting joys will turn,

 

In glorious immortality.