"The Great Pyramid."
Bible Students’ Convention, St. Paul Friday, August 17, 1906
9 to 10:30 a. m. -General’ Rally, Praise and Testimony
10:45 to 12 a. m. -Discourse by Brother John Edgar. Subject, "The Great Pyramid."
THE GREAT PYRAMID, BUILT, 2170 B.C.
DEAR Friends: I have great pleasure in coming be fore you and speaking a little more concerning God’s purposes with regard to the time features of His plan. I want to remind you of our motto for this year, "In Due Time," and to show you how God has been working everything on time. It is six years since I first read the chapter on the Pyramid in the third volume of Millennial Dawn. At that time I was somewhat prejudiced against it; partly because the Pyramid is not the Bible, and partly because it seemed to me too fanciful to imagine that its various passages should symbolize the plan of salvation. I cast the matter entirely aside, and did not study it again until April of this year (1906), when I had to take it up in the usual course of the Glasgow class for Dawn study. My knowledge of God’s plan of salvation is now deeper and wider than it was six years ago and accordingly I am now better able to appreciate the symbolism of the Pyramid. As a result of this year’s study of the Great Pyramid I agree with Brother Russell that it is indeed God’s stone witness in Egypt. I now feel certain, dear friends, that God was the architect of this wonderful structure and that it was built fully 4,000 years ago in order to be God’s witness to the world in the Millennial Age. The reason why God has given us the privilege to point out that it is the witness, and wherein it is the witness, is that we, the feet-members of the Body of Christ, are living in the opening years of the Millennium. In our study of the Pyramid our love for God grows deeper, because we see in it His loving favor for us and for the world in general, and at the same time our awe of Him increases as we perceive His power and wisdom.
Now, dear friends, I shall not take time to discuss the outward features of the pyramid but shall confine myself entirely to the internal passages. You will see on this chart, Cut No. 34, a great many figures. Some of you may be rather discouraged, but I want to remind you that God does not make it a stipulation that every one who gets into the kingdom of God must be a mathematician; that is not one of the essentials; it is the development of character founded upon faith in Christ that is essential. These figures are given us in order to establish our faith in God, and to help us understand Him better. The more we can understand these things the better for us.
Nevertheless, if after honest endeavors to understand them we find we cannot do so, we should bear in mind that God will supply our need in some other way.
These figures are all in British inches. The Pyramid was built fully four thousand years ago, and at that time there was no British nation and no British inch; therefore, we should seek for the standard measurement of that time. Prof. Piazzi Smith, when investigating this subject, found beyond a doubt that 1,000 British inches are exactly equal to 999 Pyramid inches. Accordingly, if we want to find the number of Pyramid inches we shall require to subtract one from each thousand of these figures, and of course the same proportion for lower or higher numbers. It was my brother, Morton Edgar, who drew this and all the other charts. I am glad to say that he shares with me the joy of being in the present truth. He was associated with me in the study of the Pyramid and many of the time features of which I shall speak were discovered by him.
Now, dear friends, for a proper understanding of this matter we shall require to know the symbolism of the different passages. It was a, young Scotchman, Robt. Menzies, who first pointed out that the key to the knowledge of the symbolism of the internal passages is the "Well" which represents the grave, Hades, that state of death from which there will be an awakening. He pointed out the fact that if you take the top of the first ascending Passage as representing the birth of our Lord, 33 inches further on brings you "over against the mouth of the well," and that at the top of the well, there is an appearance of an explosion, seeming to say that God, after Christ died and was buried, burst the bonds of death and raised His beloved Son from the hades condition, the death state.
In the Epistle of Timothy we read that Jesus by his death and resurrection abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. Life on the plane of human perfection, as it will be at the end of the millennial age, is indicated in this Pyramid by the "Queen’s Chamber." Immortality is indicated on a higher level by the "King’s Chamber," into which we can gain entrance only by means of the Grand Gallery and Ante-Chamber. The Grand Gallery represents the high of heavenly calling, and the Ante-Chamber represents the school of Christ, the school of consecration unto death. The Ante-Chamber thus. represents the "Holy" of the tabernacle, and the King’s Chamber the "Holy of Holies." When we once understand this, dear friends, then the whole symbolism becomes plain. . . . We can now see that the Descending Passage represents the course of this "present evil world" down to destruction, which is represented by the "Pit," or subterranean chamber. This "Pit." or subterranean chamber represents "Gehenna," just as the "well" represents "hades." We are not to understand, however, that it is the people who are going down into gehenna. It is the world-this present evil world with all the present evil institutions which is to be destroyed in gehenna. These institutions, thank God, will never be awakened again.
The Symbolism of the Passages
The Descending Passage, then, represents the plane of "condemnation and death," and you can see that from this plane to the upper planes of life and immortality, there are two ways shown in the Pyramid of life and immortality, there are two ways shown in the Pyramid, viz.: the First Ascending Passage, and the "Well." Now, if you will look at this chart, you will see that from this plane to the upper planes of life and immortality, there are two ways shown in the Pyramid of life and immortality, there are two ways of life shown in the Pyramid, vis.: the First Ascending Passage, and the "Well." Now, if you will look at this chart, you will see that of the two ways the First Ascending Passage, which represents the Law Covenant, appears to be much easier than the other. When the Law was presented to them they shouted joyfully "all these things will we do." They thought the Law Covenant was an easy way to life. They did not recognize their own weaknesses. They did not recognize that it was impossible for them to keep the perfect law of God. But we know that the perfect law of God blocked the way. Thus that which was ordained to life was found to be unto death, because it was impossible for fallen flesh to obey that law. What blocked the way? It was the divine law. Now look at this First Ascending Passage and you will see a granite plug blocking the way and making it absolutely impassable.
This granite plug, therefore, represent the divine law, the law of God.
This way being blocked, we find that there is only one Open passage to the upper passages of life and immortality, namely, the "well;" and this also was blocked until it was opened by the death and resurrection of Christ. Besides, it is a very narrow -way; it is only 28 inches square, and it is vertical for a large part of its course. In this way is beautifully represented the scriptural text, "By grace are ye saved, through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not of works, lest any man should boast." We cannot ascend from this plane of "condemnation and death" to the plane of justification or reckoned human perfection except by grace; it is riot of ourselves, it is the gift of God. Justification is not the result of works on our part, but of faith. No works of ours are accepted by God as living works till after we are justified.
There was only one man who ever kept the perfect law of God, and that was the "man Christ Jesus;" but He was not born on this plane of condemnation and death represented by the Descending Passage. He was born under the law, however, i. e., at the upper end of the First Ascending Passage, on the plane of human perfection. That is why He could and did keep the perfect law of God. The only two who ever came into being on this plane of human perfection were Adam and Christ. Adam sold the whole human race under sin and death. Christ, on the other hand, kept the perfect law of God and did not require to die, but He voluntarily gave up His life, and then as it was not possible that He could be holden of death, He was raised from the dead. Through Christ as the last Adam the first Adam and all his family will likewise be raised from the dead, and so will be exemplified the saying, "the first shall be last and the last shall be first."
Time Features of the Passages
Bro. Russell points out in the third volume of Millennial Dawn that the floor of this horizontal passage is rough and that evidently no time measurements are indicated there. Keeping this in mind my brother has drawn a horizontal dotted line on a level with the top of the well along the smooth wall of the passage as representing the plane of human perfection, that point on which Adam and Christ stood, and the plane on which all will stand when they emerge from the well, either now by faith or at the end of the millennial age by the year 2874 AD , in the actual sense. Adam, in selling the race under sin, brought them into condemnation and death, and as "they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind," or as the margin puts it in Ro 1:28, "Gave them over to a mind void of judgment." The result was that mankind fell into a lower and lower state of degradation. Not even the flood stopped the downward progress. In this way was exemplified what God knew from the beginning, but which it was necessary for mankind to learn by bitter experience, that none could by any means redeem his brother nor pay a ransom for him. Then in due time God made his oath-bound covenant with Abraham, the foretaste of the gospel, at a time when the world had reached such a state of degradation that in the city of Sodom there were not found even ten righteous men. It was in the year 2045 BC , exactly 2083 1/2 years after the creation of Adam. Now, from the plane of human perfection on which Adam stood at his creation down to the lowest point of the Descending Passage the vertical measurement is 2085 1/2 British inches, but I have just said that the distance in time from the creation of Adam till the date of the Abraham covenant was 20831/2 years. Why the difference? We must subtract 2 to bring these British inches into pyramid inches, and then we get the required harmony.
Now this promise first made to Abraham was repeated to Isaac, and again to Jacob, and then in the lifetime of Jacob God began to carry His promise into effect. In the year 1830 BC , He caused Jacob and his household to go into Egypt, which in the scriptures, represents "this present evil world." From that time the working out of God’s promise has gone on and will go on step by step, first through natural Israel, then through the Church in this Gospel age and finally in the millennial age through the Church glorified, and the ancient worthies. By the year 2874, AD , the end of the times of restitution, perfection will have been attained and all will have been restored to what it was before the fall.
We have this also exemplified in the Pyramid. We see that the promise was given to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob at the point of very low degradation represented by the floor of the horizontal passage leading to the Pit. If we start now at the point where the horizontal portion and the descending portion meet, the point where the upward inclination begins, as October of the year 1830, BC , when Jacob and his household entered Egypt and go up at the rate of a pyramid inch to a year along the Descending Passage, step by step, until we get to the floor of the First Ascending Passage, and then up along this passage still at the rate of a pyramid inch to a year until we get to the top of the well, the plane of human perfection, we shall find that this point indicates the year 2874, AD , the date when mankind will be restored to that plane from which Adam fell.
October, 1830, B. C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1829 1/4
Spring 2874, A.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2873 1/4
4702 1/2 years
Length of lower portion of Descending Passage . . 3139 British inches.
Length of First Ascending Passage . . . . . . . . 1545
Distance to edge of upper end of Well . . . . . . 23 1/4
Deduct .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3/4
4702 1/2 pyramid inches.
Having considered the general symbolism of the passages, we shall now consider them more particularly, and first we shall begin with,
The Descending Passage
Just imagine that this is an excursion party and that we are all now in Egypt at the foot of the great pyramid, and that I am leading you up through these passages. If your imagination can carry you in this way, then you will be able to better realize the points to be made. We climb up to the entrance, and we go in single file down this passage; it is a very small passage, it is scarcely four feet from the floor to the roof, but the length of it is 124 yards. At the first a little light streams in at the entrance just as it was at the beginning of "this present evil world," but as we proceed the gloom deepens until it becomes pitch dark. We are obliged to stoop very low as we proceed laboriously down this passage, and very soon our heads and backs are aching. Does not this aptly represent the course of this present evil world, groaning under the yoke of sin and death, and going down towards destruction? Darkness covers the earth and gross darkness the people; they know not at what they stumble. When, we realize this, dear friends, our hearts go out in sympathy to the groaning creation. We look at the hopelessness of their efforts to rule themselves and to bring about eternal blessings and life, and so we ask ourselves the question, when will be the end of these things?
I want to emphasize very strongly that we must not go to the pyramid for first hand instruction in matters in regard to the plan of salvation. We must go to the Bible for that first hand instruction, and then having found out what the Bible teaches, we look to the pyramid to see whether or not it will confirm the Bible. Now when we study the time prophecies and chronological parallels we know that this "present evil world" will be destroyed by the fall of 1915; that October, 1914, will be the end of the lease of power to the Gentiles and that the following year, 1915, will see the destruction of all the present evil institutions. The question, then, we are to ask ourselves is, Does the lower end of the Descending Passage at the edge of this Pit represent the fall of the year 1915? It does, dear friends. How do we find this out? We find it out very simply in this way: All we require to do is to find out the date of any point along the length of this passage; the point for instance, where the floor of the Descending Passage is intersected by the floor of the First Ascending Passage projected downwards. Once we get the date of that point, then all we have to do is to find the measurement of the passage from the same point down to the edge of the pit, and thus we shall find the date represented by the edge of the pit. To find out the date in the upper portion of the Descending Passage we shall require to keep in mind that the upper end of the First Ascending Passage represents the true date of the birth of Christ, and then measure backwards along the passage to get this date BC Now the length of this passage is 1545 British inches. Prof.
Piazzi Smyth states in his book that it is 1544 British inches. Prof. Petrie, the other great expert says it is 1546 1/2 British inches. The number 1545 is intermediate between the other two. To some who do not understand much about measurements it may seem strange that these two men should differ by two and a half inches, but if two or three of you should measure this hall from one end to the other, intelligently and carefully, and then compare your results, it would be very surprising indeed if you did not differ by two or three inches.
Remember also that this passage is a very long dark one, has a very low ceiling and is blocked by the granite plug. The reason why these two men came so close in their measurements was because they were both experts, and were extremely careful. They both spent months in measuring these passages.
The reason why I have taken the measurement of the First Ascending Passage as 1545 British inches is riot simply because it is intermediate between the measurements of Smyth and Petrie, but because it harmonizes six different times which with any other measurement would be thrown out of harmony. That seems to me to be sufficient evidence that it is correct. Now 1545 British inches represents 1543 1/2 Pyramid inches, because we must subtract one for the thousand and 1/2 for the 500. Christ was born in October 2 BC , 1 1/4 years before the Christian era; therefore we must add on this 1 1/4 inches, and that brings us to the date 1544 3/4 BC In other words, April of the year 1545 is the date represented by this point on the floor of the Descending Passage.
We must next find out the length of this passage. Piazzi Smyth gives the length of that portion of the ascending Passage above this point as 987 British inches. He could not measure the part below because it was filled with rubbish, but Howard Vyse gives the measurement of the whole passage as 4450 British inches. If we subtract 987 we find that the measurement from the point, which indicates the date April 1545 BC , down to the edge of the pit is 3463 British inches-3129 and 324 added together make 3463, and this date is April, 1545; that is to say 1,544 3/4-inch years before Christ. If this portion of the Descending Passage is 3463 inches long and the date indicated by its upper end is April, 1545 (1544 3/4) BC , what is the date represented by the edge of the pit? By subtracting we get 1918 1/4 AD This would mean that the date indicated by the edge of the pit is 1918 1/4, which is to say April of the year 1919 AD But I said a little while ago that this point represents the fall of October, 1915. What is wrong? The 3463 inches are British inches, and it is a pyramid inch that represents a year, therefore we must subtract 3 1/2 inches to bring it down to pyramid measurement. Subtracting 3 1/2 from 3463 gives us 3459 1/2. Now when we subtract 1544 3/4 from 3459 1/2 we get 1914 3/4. In other words, the edge of the pit does indicate October of the year 1915. Thus we see the importance of keeping in mind the pyramid inches. In this wonderful way the Pyramid points out exactly what we have already discovered by our investigations in the Bible. It is in October, 1915, that the destruction will be complete and then the reign of peace will begin.
Now you know that the peaceful reign of Solomon, the son of David, foreshadowed the reign of our Lord Jesus Christ, the greater son of David and Prince of Peace.
Solomon was away down here on this plane of condemnation. It was not possible that his reign could bring about the blessing of all the families of the earth because his reign was not an eternal reign; it was a reign which was bound to end in death. But it is different with our Lord Jesus Christ. He is not on the plane of condemnation but up here on the plane of the divine nature, represented by the sanctuary, the "holy of holies," the King’s Chamber. When he begins his reign of peace in October, 1915, it will be a never ending reign, and will bring about the purpose that God intended, namely, the blessing of all the families of the earth, the giving to them of eternal life. If we measure the number of years from the death of Solomon in 999 BC when his reign ended, until the fall of 1915, we shall find the number of years corresponds exactly with the vertical distance in Pyramid inches from the floor of the lowest portion of the Descending Passage up to the floor of the King’s Chamber.
Now let us come back to this Descending Passage at the lower part. Certain features are marked here. The lower end of the "Well" is at this place. You notice that it is not in the roof of the Descending Passage but in the side.
If we measure back from the edge of the pit, which we have seen represents the date October, 1915, we shall find that the upper edge of this lower end of the Well represents the year 1296 AD , and the junction of the descending portion with the horizontal portion the year 1592. Between these two dates, 1296 and 1592 is comprised the period of the Reformation. The Reformation began at Avignon, 1309, which is represented by the middle of the well., but that was brought about by the work of Boniface VIII., who was appointed Pope in 1295 AD , and who shortly afterwards published the famous bull "Unam Sanctam," in which he said that no man could get into heaven except by his sanction. Philip the Fair, King of France, objected to this and made the Pope prisoner. The Pope died and another was appointed who had sold himself to the King of France. In this way the shackles of the captive spiritual Israelites in "Babylon the Great" were loosened and the prisoners were allowed to go free and build the spiritual temple of the reformation. That was exactly in the middle of the papal millennium. The work of reformation went on step by step after this until about the year 1592 when its progress, so far as Christendom in general was concerned, had stopped. By that time we find that the Protestants had divided into three great parties, or church state systems, the Lutherans, the Anglicans and Presbyterians. We know that since shortly before the end of the 16th century there has never been a country previously Roman Catholic that has become Protestant, or previously Protestant that has become Roman Catholic. Then again we know that although the head of the "beast" was fatally wounded by the work of Martin Luther, nevertheless it recovered from this wound; in other words we know that the papacy, because of the division among the Protestants had become stronger in the meantime. The result, then, was that so far as Christendom in general was concerned, the reformation had ceased, and men had bound themselves firmly with their creeds; nevertheless, we know that a work of cleansing still went on in the sanctuary.
Beyond the point indicating the year 1592 the passage is more constricted than the part above it, showing how men had bound themselves; nevertheless this part is horizontal so indicating that through the reformation and through the invention of printing there has been greater enlightenment than before. Near the edge of the pit we find a portion of ‘the passage where it is roomier. If we measure backward we find this part represents the time of the American War of Independence and the French Revolution-a time when men were freeing themselves, only again to be bound.
Now, dear friends, let us come back to the bottom, of the Well and see what that represents. We have already pointed out that the well represents hades, the death state, and also the fact that the resurrection of Christ is represented by the appearance of an explosion at the top. In other words the Well represents the ransom sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Now at the upper edge of the lower end of the well we have the year 1296. If we measure straight across its width of 28 inches you will find that the lower edge represents the year 1324; but if you measure down along the incline the date represented at the lower edge will be found to be 1328. In other words, the lower edge of this well at the bottom represents the years of the work of Marciglio, 1324 to 1328 AD Marciglio was the first of the reformers, the one who built the spiritual temple of the Reformation. Some people call Marciglio the Morning Star of the Reformation, but that title is generally applied to Wycliffe, because although Marciglio’s work was a great work, nevertheless it was Wycliffe who pointed out the error of transubstantiation, and pointed men to the true ransom s crifice of our Lord Jesus Christ. Marciglio prepared the way for Wycliffe the true morning star of the Reformation. Mareiglio’s date is represented here at the lower end of the well, and Wycliffe’s date, 1378, AD , we shall find represented at the North edge of the upper end of the well. It was in 1378 that Wycliffe came out as a reformer and pointed men to the true ransom -sacrifice and so prepared the world for Martin Luther with his great doctrine of justification by faith.
The ultimate result of the ransom is to bring about the blessing of all the families of the earth, to bring about the restitution of all things, the condition symbolized in the Pyramid by the Queen’s Chamber. This condition of human perfection will come to pass by the year 2874, AD If we measure in Pyramid inches from the North edge of the upper end of the Well along the dotted line representing the spring of 1378, AD , we shall find that the entrance of the Queen’s Chamber represents the date 2874 AD , when men will be ushered into the post -millennial condition. Thus we find Marsiglio indicated at the bottom of the well organizing the work of the Reformation, and preparing the way for Wycliffe, who showed men the true ransom sacrifice of our Lord, Jesus Christ, and so prepared the world for the times of restitution.
The First Ascending Passage
We shall now consider the First Ascending Passage, representing the Law Covenant. As we go down the Descending Passage, representing the present evil world, we find that the portion of its floor which is opposite the entrance of the First Ascending Passage is extremely hard, different from the portions above and below. At this point the floor is so hard that with a sharp instrument you will not be able to make a mark on it. This was intended partly for the purpose of exact measurements, but it also seems to indicate the fact that when the Israelites were called out of Egypt to be the people of God and given the law, they had a firm footing with God.
Owing to the fact that the triangular stone has been removed from the entrance of the First Ascending Passage, we find that at this point we no longer need to stoop; we can stand upright and so ease our aching backs. We are thus able to appreciate the joy which the Israelites must have experienced when freed from their bondage in Egypt and can sympathize with them when on being given the law, they cried joyfully, "All these things we will do."
But whenever we begin to ascend this passage we find something blocking the way-the "Granite Plug," the Law of God; we cannot go up. The Israelites found a law in their members warring against the law of their minds so that they could not do what they would and the evil that they would not, that they did. Thus the way which was ordained unto life was found to be unto death. But God, by means of the atonement sacrifices, which he caused to be repeated year after year, reckoned it to the Israelites as if they were going up this way; they were typically justified, and those of them who, like Father Abraham, saw Christ’s day, the great Millennial Day, with the eye of faith, and were glad, and who were faithful unto death, will, as shown in the 11th chapter of Hebrews, be awakened perfect, but not without us, the followers of Christ. Accordingly, let us proceed up this First Ascending Passage. We can do so by the passage forced by Al Mamoun, through the soft limestone around the granite plug. This forced hole was no original part of the Pyramid, but God evidently allowed it in order that we might explore the First Ascending Passage. When we get into this passage we find that the way is steep. The angle of inclination upwards is exactly the same as that of the Descending Passage downward. It is dark and steep and slippery; so slippery is this passage that when Piazzi Smyth was measuring it, he tried at first to stick his lighted candles on the floor, but invariably they slipped down to the granite plug; and when his measuring rod slipped out of his hand the same thing happened to it. The passage, then, is dark and steep and slippery, and the height of the roof above the floor is scarcely four feet. Does not this wonderfully represent the Israelites groaning under the yoke of the law, stumbling in the darkness, having no doubt a lamp to their feet, the Word of God, but a lamp which, at that time shone but dimly compared to the way it is shining now. And as they go up this passage laboriously they slip every now and then and they have nothing to hold on to when they do slip because they are under the law and not under grace. Those Israelites among them who were faithful, and who were looking for the coming of the Messiah must have rejoiced when they reached the end of that law dispensation, when the Messiah did come. Being burdened by the law they must have rejoiced when they heard the gracious words of our Master, "Come unto me all ye that labor and are heavily laden and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn of me for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy and my burden is light." Those who accepted that gracious invitation, dear friends, found themselves out of this first ascending passage into the Grand Gallery, into the high calling. The yoke slipped from their shoulders and they stood fast in the liberty wherewith Christ made them free. The Grand Gallery is seven times the height of the first ascending passage; it is 28 feet high. There is no need any longer to stoop. But before passing up the Grand Gallery, which signifies the High or Heavenly Calling, they must recognize the "Well," which is at their feet on the right side of the lower end of the Grand Gallery. As I have already explained, the "Well" represents "hades" or the "death state," and the appearance of an explosion at its opening, represents the resurrection of Christ and the opening up of the new and living way to life and immortality. It was necessary, then, for the Israelites, before being accepted as partakers of the Heavenly Calling, to recognize the love and the righteousness of God in giving His only begotten Son as a sacrifice on their behalf and the loving obedience of the Son in drinking the cup which was given Him by His Father, and also the mighty power, by which God raised Him from the dead and set him on His own right hand on high.
Hallelujah! what a Savior! As we know, very few of the Israelites took advantage of the grand opportunity presented to them. The nation rejected the offer and was. in consequence, cast off and in due time passed into "hades," the "death state."
Time Features of First Ascending Passage
First of all I should like to draw your attention to the measurement given by Bro. Russell in his appendix to the third volume.. You remember how he supposes that this granite plug should be pulled down its entire length. Of course you cannot actually pull down the plug. It is jammed so firmly that although men have tried again and again to displace it, they have not been able to succeed. But if you will do it in imagination, and then measure from the bottom of it thus extended, you will find that if the lower edge be taken as representing the date of the exodus from Egypt, April, 1615, BC , the upper edge represents the date of the death of Christ, April, AD 33.
Those of you who remember what is stated in the appendix of the third volume of Dawn will see that I have differed a little from Bro. Russell in this respect; Bro. Russell makes the measurement end in the fall of AD 36. When I found that I differed from him I felt some misgiving at first, because I knew that he had made a special study of these matters, and I have so frequently found that when I have differed from Bro. Russell at first I have come, on further study, to agree with him. Accordingly, my brother and I went over the figures again and again, and we invariably found the same result. So now I feel confident in saying that it was from the exodus to the death of Christ, and I shall explain to you how the difference comes about. It is in this way, dear friends: Bro. Russell has made the little mistake that my brother and I made very often when we were making the various time-measurements in the Pyramid. Again and again when we were estimating the different time features we found that our results did not coincide by a year or two or three with what we had expected, and we felt non-plussed; they were so near and yet not quite right, until we remembered that we had forgotten to deduct the necessary number to bring the British inches down to pyramid inches. Now, dear friends, that is exactly what Brother Russell did-he forgot that he was dealing with British inches. Perhaps you will remember that Brother Russell’s measurements are all in round numbers and even with that he finds himself a little over an inch wrong, and has to note the fact that the plug is chipped a good deal, and supposes that possibly another inch ought to be added on that account. But if we measure in Pyramid inches we shall require to make no addition for chipping and we will find that the length of the passage represents exactly to the fraction of an inch the period from the spring of 1615 BC till the spring of 33 AD You can measure it for yourself-1470 British inches from the top of the passage down to the lower end of the plug, and then the length of the plug itself which is 1783/4 inches, = 16483/4 British inches or 1647 Pyramid inches. This represents exactly the duration of the period from the exodus in April 1615 BC , till the death of Christ in April 33 AD , for 1614 3/4 + 32 1/4 = 1647.
This gives the best result for two reasons: (1) In the year 1615 the law was given to Israel; in the year 33 the law was nailed to the cross. (2) In the year 1615 the House of Israel was called out of Egypt to be the people of God; in the year 33 the House of Israel was cast off. Five days before his death our Lord said, "behold your house is left unto you deserted." This period then represents the period of the house of Fleshly Israel, the length of the law dispensation.
Some might say, "well that is true, the house of Israel was cast off in the year 33, but nevertheless the special favor did not end until 3 1/2 years later." What special favor? The special favor of the high calling, the invitation to be joint heirs with Christ, which did not end until 3 1/2 years later. Is that represented in the pyramid? You will find that it is represented beautifully in the pyramid according to its symbolic features, and we shall discuss that later if we have time.
Then again some might say that although the house was cast off in the year 33, nevertheless it was not destroyed until the year 70 AD It was the year 70 that Jerusalem was destroyed and the nation was no more. Is that represented in the pyramid? It is. Now, dear friends, I am glad that Brother Russell did not discover this point in his investigations, because if he had I doubt whether he would have thought of this beautiful plan of extending the plug, and so we would have missed this other beautiful measurement that we have already given you. This measurement I am now going to give you does not require the pulling down of the plug, but measure from the floor of the descending passage at the point where it is intersected by the floor of the first ascending passage projected downward. But a little explanation is necessary with regard to the upper end first of all.
We have already seen that this "well" represents hades, the death state, but you are not to understand that the upper edge of the well is in the middle of the floor, but it is on the right or west side of the floor of the Grand Gallery. The middle drawing at the lower part of the chart is simply a little enlargement so as to give the measurements. This second portion represents what I as telling you. The space between the heavy shaded portion represents the floor of the Grand Gallery at the lower end; and the space between the dotted lines represents the floor of the first ascending passage at its upper end. (Turn the chart so that the top is at your right.) Now as you go up the first ascending passage into the Grand Gallery, you see the mouth of the well on your right side. Then the lower right hand drawing of the chart also represents it, showing the Grand Gallery as you go upwards, and the two side walls of the Grand Gallery; so you are looking up the passage now. When you get into the Grand Gallery you see the opening on your right side. But if you go to that opening and jump down you do not fall straight down the "Well," but simply jump down 27 inches. In order to get to the mouth of the Well, you are required to get down on your hands and knees and creep along this little horizontal passage, only 27 inches high; and then if you go far enough you will fall down the well-if you want to.
Now we are prepared to understand this time feature. The house of Israel was called out of Egypt in the spring time of 1615 BC The house of Israel went into hades, the death state, in the fall of the year AD 70. If we measure from this point as representing the date of the Exodus, April 1615 BC , along the floor of the Descending Passage and go up at the rate of a pyramid inch to a year, and then along to the middle of the Well, turn sharp to the right 21 inches and down the 27 inches and along the horizontal passage until we get to the edge of the mouth of the Well at the point where it falls straight down, that point represents the fall of the year AD 70; that is the time when the nation of Israel entered into hades. Now you know that is beautifully represented in the parable of the rich man and Lazarus, how the rich man represents the Jewish nation, rich in God’s favor, just as "Uncle Sam" represents the American Nation and "John Bull" represents the English Nation; and how a certain time arrived when this rich man died and was buried, and being in hades he was tormented and lifted up his eyes and saw Lazarus, typical of those Gentiles who had been begging for the crumbs of favor from the rich man’s table, who died, and was received into Abraham’s bosom, the place of divine favor. Since the date of October AD 70, the nation of Israel has ceased to exist, but the people are still alive the people who are the descendants, of course. It is the people who are in torment and have been in torment ever since; even in this day they are suffering torment, as we know. And why are they suffering torment? Why is it that the Jews in Russia are now being persecuted? The reason is simply because the nation is dead. There is no nation of Israel. If an American citizen were to go to Russia and there suffer the same persecution the Jews are now suffering, the American Nation would rise up and put a stop to it at once. The Jews are suffering persecution because there is no nation to rise up and help them; the Jews are riot now a nation; they have no country of their own. and so there is no way to stop their persecution. The nation died in the fall of AD 70; there they entered into hades, as is beautifully represented in this Pyramid. You see that the last 36 or 37 inches of it, representing years, is very contracted. That represents the time when Israel was cast off by Jesus, who said, "behold your house is left unto you desolate," and from that time the nation was brought down to its knees; it had to grope along this passage only 27 inches in height, and then terminated in the year AD 70 by death.
Now, dear friends, these two time-measurements, namely, from the Exodus to the death of Christ, when the house of Israel was cast off, and from the Exodus to the year AD 70, when the house of Israel was destroyed, represent unfaithful Fleshly Israel. It was unfaithful Israel that was cast off; it was unfaithful Israel that died.
The faithful Israelites were received by Christ as his joint heirs, the remnant, the elect. At the beginning it was the same class, unfaithful Israel, that was called out of Egypt. How do we know? Because that class of people who were called out of Egypt were so disobedient that they were made to wander in the wilderness for 40 years, and not allowed to enter the land. Of all of those above 20 years of age who left Egypt, only two were allowed to enter the land of promise, Joshua and Caleb. They were unfaithful Israel at the beginning and here, in the year AD 70, they were unfaithful still.
Length of First Ascending Passage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1545
From its upper end to a point opposite middle of Well . . . . . . . . . 37 1/4
Thence to opening in floor of Grand Gallery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Depth of this opening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Width of opening .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Length of horizontal passage to edge of mouth of Well . . . . . . . . . 36
British Inches .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1686 1/4
Deduct .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3/4
Pyramid Inches .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1684 1/4
Exodus in April 1615 B. C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1614 3/4
Destruction of Jerusalem in October 70 A. D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 3/4
Time Measurements From the Entrance Into Canaan Till the Birth and Baptism of Jesus
But now let us think of something higher and better. Let us think of the faithful Israelites. Where would we expect them to be? On a higher level, wouldn’t we? First, we measure along the line between the floor and the roof and find out what that represents. Supposing again we measure along the roof itself, higher still, and find out what that represents. Now, we do not begin faithful Israel at the exodus; we begin faithful Israel at the time of the entrance into the land of Canaan. That class who entered into the land of Canaan were faithful. They crossed the Jordan and were circumcised; their unfaithful fathers had not circumcised them in the wilderness.
These two measurements from their junction with the floor of the Descending Passage will be found to begin with April in the year 1575 BC Now go up along the dotted line midway between the floor and roof at the rate of a pyramid inch to a year and we trace the course of those faithful Israelites. What were they doing? They were looking for the coming of the Messiah. These faithful Israelites finally came to the point at the top of the passage, where the dotted line meets the Grand Gallery, which represents the date October 2 BC , when our Lord Jesus was born, the "Holy One" of Israel; and the faithful Israelites at that time, the Shepherds, and Simeon and Anna received him. Then If we begin at the lower point, where the line of the roof intersects the floor of the Descending Passage, as representing the entrance into the land of Canaan, and go up a pyramid inch a year, we get to that point at the upper end of the passage where the roof meets the Grand Gallery, you will find that point represents the date October AD 29. the date when Jesus was immersed in the waters of Jordan and was annointed with the Holy Spirit and with power, when Jesus became the Christ. So at the top of this passage we have three important dates represented. In the middle at the upper end we have the birth of Jesus.
You know that Jesus came to this earth for the very purpose of giving up his life on our behalf. In other words, as Brother Russell points out in the third volume, Jesus was the first to be called, he was called from his birth; but by the law he could not accept that great and high invitation until 30 years of age. And then he offered himself, was accepted and anointed with the Holy Spirit and power. So in the middle we get the birth of Jesus, October BC 2; at the top of the roof the beginning of the Gospel age, so far as the Head Christ was concerned.
Then down on the floor we have the date of the death of Christ. And you know how, shortly after the death of Christ, at Pentecost, the holy spirit descended on the body of Christ, the Church, and so the Gospel age began so far as the body of Christ was concerned at this time.
Length of First Ascending Passage .. . . . . . . . . . 1545
Extra for axis along dotted line . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
British inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1575
Deduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1/2
Add extra length for roof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Entrance into Canaan April 1575 BC .. . . . . . . . . 1574 3/4
Birth of Jesus in Oct. 2 BC . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1/4
From entrance into Canaan to birth of Jesus . . . . . . 1573 1/2
Add 30 years to Jesus’ baptism .. . . . . . . . . . . 30
Covenant with Abraham to Death of Christ
Now let us look with regard to this first ascending passage. Brother Russell, in a foot note, wonders why this point on the floor of the descending passage opposite the entrance of the first ascending passage represents the Exodus. Why does it not represent the death of Jacob at the beginning of the Jewish age? It does represent that, dear friends, as I hope to show you later on. I might ask another question: Does it not also represent the date of the Abrahamic Covenant, which was the root of all, and the time when the great promise was given? It certainly does represent that also. This promise was, "In thee and in thy seed. shall all the families of the earth be blessed." And that seed was Christ. Christ came and died, was buried and resurrected, and then highly exalted for the purpose of carrying out this blessing, and the beginning of the blessing was at Pentecost when the disciples received the holy spirit. That was the year 33. Now, if we take into consideration the inclination of this passage, to measure from the Abrahamic Covenant to top would not give you such a. long period as from the Abrahamic Covenant to the death of Christ, but the Pyramid shows it in this way: By taking the length and inclination of the passage into consideration, we shall find if we drop a vertical line from the top of the First Ascending Passage downward, and then measure from the point where the floor of the Ascending Passage intersects the floor of the Descending Passage horizontally to this vertical line, then up to the top of the well, we shall get exactly in pyramid inches (2078) the time from the Abrahamic Covenant to the death of Christ in the year 33-the time when the seed was exalted in order to carry out the blessing of all the families of the earth.
The Horizontal Passage to the Queen’s Chamber
You know how Brother Russell points out that this horizontal passage leads to the Queen’s Chamber the post-millennial condition of perfect life, and how it is divided into two parts, a long portion, six-sevenths of the whole and a short portion only one-seventh, and how he says that the first six-sevenths represents the first six thousand years and the last seventh the last thousand years. Now, taking that into consideration, let us study this passage a little, not with regard to the time features but the symbolism. The first then is this: This portion of the passage represents the first six thousand years. It is only four feet from floor to ceiling, and it is pitch dark, and it is rough under foot. In this way it represents the world under the yoke of sin and death, stumbling in the dark; but there is this difference between that passage and the other descending passage which represents the same thing, namely the course. of this present evil world: That this passage is horizontal, whereas the other passage is inclined downward. Why the difference? The difference is simply the standpoint. The standpoint here with regard to the descending passage is looking to the ultimate end of this present evil world, destruction. The standpoint with regard to this horizontal passage is looking to the ultimate end of this, namely, to the restitution blessings. And it is looking at the thing from the standpoint that the lamb was slain from the foundation of the world, the well here representing the ransom being at the beginning of this passage. In other words, we find represented in this passage the fact that mankind was subjected to vanity or frailty by God, in hope. Here is mankind laboring under the yoke of sin and death, not knowing where they stumble; they are walking in darkness, and are not aware that a point six-sevenths of the length of the entire distance there is a drop of 21 inches. If any of you have ever gone along a narrow dark passage, not knowing there was a step of 21 inches at the end, and you came to that step and fell over it, you can realize in some measure the condition of mankind when they will find all their earthly hopes and aspirations wrecked by the great time of trouble that is coming on this world. There will be a great fall, dear friends. There will be many little aches and bruises, and a great deal of groaning at that time. But afterwards, when men pick themselves up to their feet, as they will do, they will find to their joy that they can stand erect, because this portion of the passage from the floor to the ceiling is from 5 ft. 6 1/2 in. to 5 ft., 8 1/2 in. in height. In other words, it is the height of an average man. The burden has fallen from their shoulders and they are able to stand upright, and then they shall progress along towards the Queen’s Chamber, the post-millennial condition. But, dear friends, if at that time any one begins to think highly of himself, begins to get a little heady, begins to think that he is a six-footer, he will bump his head against the roof, the iron rule of Christ. On the other hand, if he thinks lowly of himself, thinks he is only a five-footer, he will be encouraged to a more sober appreciation of his abilities, because in that time we know that the proud shall be abased and the humble shall be exalted. And so all those who are obedient will at the end of that time be ushered into the post-millennial condition of glory. I have already shown how the length of this passage represents also the period from the work of Wycliffe in pointing men to the Ransom up to the Post -millennial ages of perfection.
The Grand Gallery
We see that the entrance to this Grand Gallery is by the well for the world in general, and by the first ascending passage for the Israelites. Those of the Israelites who accepted Christ’s invitation passed from Moses into Christ; but in any case all would be required to recognize the well, the death of our Lord Jesus Christ, before they can go up the balance of this passage.
Now, on going up this passage, we find that, while it is very lofty, as we have said, it is also extremely narrow.
Those who are partakers of the high calling are walking up a-very narrow way to life. From side to side it is less than seven feet broad; but even that is contracted. We find on each side of this Grand Gallery on the floor, a ledge 23 inches high and 20 inches broad, called the "ramp." It is so contracted this way that the distance between the ramps along which we are walking up this passage is only three and one-half feet-only room enough for two to walk abreast, "My Lord and I."
Now, this way, dear friends, is very dark, but we have a lamp to our feet and as we go up this way we find that the lamp shines brighter and brighter in proportion to our faith, and we have our Lord to hold to, and we have the ramps to hold on to. So although it is steep, and slippery, if we do stumble we have our Lord, and we have the exceeding great and precious promises of God to hold on to, and we have this lamp by which we can see the ramps and we can see our Lord and we can see the goal to which we are aiming. Now that is all in proportion to our faith, dear friends. Although the way is narrow, there is plenty of room at the top, if we have only enough faith; if we only wait on the Lord "We shall renew our strength; we shall mount up with wings as eagles, we shall run and not be weary, we shall walk and not faint." Isa 40:30. And then at the end of the course of each one of us we shall come to the great step shown in this diagram, which represents in each individual’s Christian course the last great trial to be overcome. Now, if we keep in mind, the ramps-the promises of God and the help of our Lord Jesus Christ we shall be able to surmount this step, and be ushered into the glory of God.
Brother Russell points out that the length of this Grand Gallery represents the length of the high calling from the birth of Christ, which was the beginning of the high calling, up till October 1881. It is only those who understood the Divine Plan of the Ages who are able to comprehend that in 1881 the general call ceased, and that since that time there has still been an opportunity to get the crowns of those who have lost them; just as is illustrated at the beginning of the Gospel age by the fact that Paul gained the Apostleship which had. been lost by Judas Iscariot.
Brother Russell shows also that the upper wall of the Grand Gallery inclines forward 7 inches at the top, so indicating the date Oct. 1874, and that there is an opening above communicating with the construction chambers over the King’s chamber, as if to say that at this point a Spirit Being, Our Lord Jesus, entered. Half way down on this upper wall is the date 1878, when the dead in Christ rose to meet the Lord in the air and thenceforth to be with Him forever.
Now, dear friends, let us study this passage a little more particularly with regard to the invitation now. So far, we have considered the Grand Gallery as representing us as Christians, partakers of the high calling, consecrated to the Lord, walking along the narrow way to life; but now let us consider it with regard to the calling itself, which began at the birth of Christ and ended in 1881, the calling, the invitation to the high calling-the invitation to consecration.
Consecration itself is represented by the Ante Chamber. (See enlarged diagram at top of chart.) We understand, then, that this Grand Gallery from this point of view represents simply the invitation to consecration. Now, those who are invited to the high calling are those who are justified-none others; but at this stage, when they are simply invited, they are not yet partakers of the divine nature; they are not yet new creatures in Christ; they are simply justified human beings on the justified plane. That seems to be represented by the fact that the top of this step is flat. Being justified by faith we have peace with God, and we are called to the high calling. Now, in order to accept the high calling we are required to do something. We see this passage here is a low passage entering into the Ante Chamber, and that then there is another low Passage into the King’s Chamber. This represents then the plane of justification. Then we are called to the high calling. In order to accept this high calling we must bend down and creep through this passage which is only 42 inches high, before we can enter into the Ante Chamber. This represents the death of the human will. We have to give up our own wills in that we may enter the school of Christ.
We cannot be accepted unless we do that. But it is one thing to give up our own wills, and it is another thing to accept the will of God. You know, for instance, dear friends, that many persons give up their own wills and accept the will of the pope; then whatever the pope says, that they will do; the pope is their will, he is their will power, their mind; they accept everything that he says, and think he is infallible. But that is not the true consecration; that is not the purpose for which we are called. We are called to give up our own wills in order that we might bow down and accept the will of God. It is only then that we are new creatures in Christ Jesus.
This is beautifully represented in the pyramid. After we bow down, giving up our own wills, we enter into this Ante Chamber condition; but here we are only in a small part of the Ante Chamber. Above our heads, as represented here, we shall find that there is a granite roof. Granite, in the pyramid, as we have already seen, represents things divine. It indicates that after we have given up our own wills. we are under divine protection, but nevertheless we are still standing on limestone; we are still only justified human beings. In order to be accepted of God as new creatures in Christ Jesus, it is necessary to bow down once more under this granite leaf, which represents the divine will, the will of God, and then for the first time we put our foot on the granite floor; for the first time we are accepted as new creatures, partakers of the divine nature, and we are now in the Ante Chamber proper.
Now, this first granite stone is 1/4 of an inch higher than the limestone. We have stepped from the plane of human justification upward to the plane of spirit begetting. It is 21 inches beyond the end or south wall of the Queen’s Chamber, indicating that none of the world, in the "Age to Come" can hope to reach the spiritual condition. Moreover, it is vertically above the edge of the Pit, indicating possibly that by the end of 1915 AD all will have passed from the human to the spiritual nature, and all who have crucified Christ afresh, putting Him to an open shame, will have passed to the second death. But as we go along this passage we find that we must step down once more to the same level, showing that after all we are actually human beings; there has been no actual change in our nature, but this change has been in our mind; we have the new of the spirit as regarding the mind; we have the new mind, which is an actual thing certainly, but our bodies are still human bodies. We cannot hope to be received into glory with these bodies; we must give them up. And so that is represented by the fact that this floor is on the same level as before, but it is granite. We are reckoned as partakers of the divine nature. We have to reckon ourselves dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God; and if we are faithful unto death then we shall give up these earthly bodies of ours in death, represented by this last passage. Then we shall be in due time ushered into the resurrection glory of our Lord Jesus Christ as real partakers of the divine nature, real divine, beings. And that is represented by the fact that the floor of this King’s Chamber is three times the height of this first stone of the granite floor of the Ante Chamber. This is the plane of justification, this first stone is the plane of spirit begetting, and the floor of the King’s Chamber is the plane of the divine nature.
Now, dear friends, when we consider that, we are prepared to study some of the time-measurements with regard to the King’s Chamber and the Ante Chamber, you will see that the King’s Chamber represents the sanctuary, heaven itself, into which Jesus entered. We said a little while ago that the floor of the Descending Passage might be taken as representing the death of Jacob, the beginning of the Jewish age. Brother Russell wondered whether It might not be taken as that. We will study it from that point of view now. We know that at the death of Jacob, he called together his twelve sons and gave them each promises, and of these promises the most important was the one to Judah, namely, "the sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come." Shiloh is the great seed that had been promised to Abraham -the Christ. Now, we know that Shiloh came at his first advent for the purpose of sacrifice. In the fall of 1874 he came for the purpose of carrying out that great promise of blessing all the families of the earth. It was in October, 1874, that he came to tabernacle in this world; there was the beginning of his presence here; heaven came to earth in that way, but it is first to the Church, however. Then we might wonder whether this entrance into the King’s Chamber would represent this date, October, 1874, when Christ came to this earth. It does, dear friends. If we measure at the rate of a pyramid inch to a year from the point on the floor of the descending passage as representing the spring time of the year 1813, when Jacob died, and go up these two passages until we come to the bottom of the step; then omitting the riser, or front surface, begin at the north edge of the great step and measure along this passage until we come to the entrance of the King’s Chamber, we will find that point represents October, 1874, when Shilo came.
First Ascending Passage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1545
Grand Gallery to foot of step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1815 1/4
North edge of step to north wall of King’s Chamber .. . . . . . 330
British inches .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3690 1/4
Deduct .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3/4
Pyramid inches .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3686 1/2
Death of Jacob in Spring of 1813 B. C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1812 3/4
Second advent in Oct. 1874 AD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1873 3/4
You know that the Jewish age began with the death of Jacob and ended with the death of Christ, and then began the double, the time of the call of favor; and in the spring of 1878 was the time when that favor began to return to natural Israel, and also to spiritual Israel. Eighteen seventy-eight was the time when the dead in Christ arose and joined the Lord in the air; and since that time all those who died are changed in a. moment, in the twinkling of an eye, to be forever with the Lord. Then, where would this date, 1878, be represented in the pyramid? It represents the end of the suffering, you notice-the end of this double period, the end of the suffering time. And the Ante Chamber represents the school of Christ, the suffering. Therefore, we should expect that the further end of the Ante Chamber would represent the spring of 1878, the time when favor began to return to natural Israel, the time of the resurrection of those who died in Christ, and the time when those who henceforth die will be ushered at once into the resurrection glory.
The same thing occurs here; we do as Brother Russell suggests, bring down the plug to its own length and measure from the bottom of the plug thus extended, as the death of Jacob and the beginning of the Jewish age, and go up at the rate of a pyramid inch to a year, omitting the riser or front surface of the step again and go along to the farther end of the Ante Chamber, and we find that represents the springtime of the year 1878.
First Ascending Passage from bottom of Plug .. . . . . . . . . 1470
Length of Plug added . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 3/4
Grand Gallery to foot of Step .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1815 1/4
North edge of Step to south wall of Ante Chamber . . . . . . . . 229 3/4
British inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3693 3/4
Deduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3/4
Pyramid inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3690
Death of Jacob, Spring of 1813 B. C .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1812 3/4
End of Double in Spring of 1878 A. D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1877 1/4
No. 5 in the King’s Chamber
Now, there is one other point in regard to the Ante Chamber and the King’s Chamber. First, in regard to the King’s Chamber, "Piazzi Smyth pointed out that the characteristic number of the pyramid, and specially of this King’s Chamber is the number 5, which he regards as the sacred number of the pyramid; although peculiarly enough it was an abhorrent number to the Egyptians. This number 5 is represented in the pyramid in two or three ways in the King’s Chamber. First of all the stones which compose the four walls of the King’s Chamber are exactly one hundred in number, and those stones are built in five courses. That is to say, that in one layer the stones are all of exactly the same height, then in the next layer the stones are all of exactly the same height, so that the groove between the two layers runs in the same line all the way around. Then, besides that, the lowest of these courses is sunk five inches; below the level of the floor of the King’s Chamber. And lastly, the floor of this King’s Chamber is on the fiftieth course of the pyramid. Then there must be something in this number 5, and Piazzi Smyth tries to find out what it is, but he does not succeed.
Then in the Ante Chamber there are some peculiar markings in the wall which Brother Russell compares to the markings in a school room; he calls it the school of Christ. Now, there is something in connection with these markings which points to time measurements in a way. We find that if we look at the two side walls of the Ante Chamber that there are three vertical grooves on each side wall, and Prof. Smyth points out that it is not the grooves that are the important things but rather the spaces between the grooves. In other words he points out that each side wall is divided into four spaces, and the first of these is half way blocked by the granite leaf. The south or end wall has four vertical grooves reaching from the ceiling down to the top of the doorway, dividing, therefore, this wall into five spaces. Now, the question is what does this five mean? Concerning this Prof. Smyth says, on page 114 of "Our Inheritance In the Great Pyramid, 5th Edition," "As the doorway is only 42 inches high, and the dividing lines of the wall above it are apparently drawn down to the doorway’s top, a man of ordinary height standing in the Ante-room and looking Southward (the direction he desires to go, in order to reach the King’s Chamber) cannot fail to see this space divided into 5. And when he bows his head very low, as he must do to pass under the said Southern doorway, only 42 inches high, he bends his head submissively under that symbol of division into 5; and should remember that 5 is the first and most characteristic of the Pyramid numbers." -When I read that passage from Piazzi Smyth’s book, the thought came, to my mind, "Can that 5 represent the fifth day?" You remember that in the creation at the beginning, as it is described in the first chapter of Genesis, life came into the world first on the fifth day. Then again you remember how the Passover Lamb was chosen out on the 10th day of Nisan, and then on the 14th day-that is to say, the fifth day after it was chosen-it was slain, and the first born were delivered from death. Now, these seem to point forward to the fact that the beginning of the new creation would be on the fifth day-the fifth millennial day (2Pe 3:8.) We know that our Lord Jesus came into the world early on that fifth thousand year day. The date of the creation of Adam was October, 4129. Perhaps you may wonder at my saying that for we always say 4128 BC But that is because the most of that first year was in 4128-nine months in fact-but the year actually began in October, 4129. How do we know that? It is very simple. The six thousand years from the creation of Adam terminated in October, 1872, and it is therefore, a very simple calculation to find out that Adam’s creation was in October, 4129, 13. C. Two years after that the Fall occurred in October, 4127. That is to say, 4000, and also 126 1/4 years before, AD, Christ died in the springtime of 33; that is, 32 1/4 years, and the third day he arose, and forty days afterwards he ascended on high.
Now, adding 126 1/4 and 32 1/4 you get 158 1/2 years. That is to say that 158 1/2 years after the beginning of this fifth millennial day the new creation began.
Now, dear friends, are there any points in the Ante Chamber to indicate the beginning of this fifth day. If we look into the Ante Chamber the first thing that strikes us is the fact that the first granite stone is raised 1/4 inch above the level of the floor. It was evidently meant to mark some point; the floor in the King’s Chamber is 3/4.of an inch above the level of the floor of the Ante Chamber. These two added together make I in. Then the space between these two points is 156 1/2; making altogether 157 1/2 inches. In other words, it would appear that the last inch of that first granite stone on the floor of the Ante Chamber marks the first year of the fifth millennium; and the entrance of King’s Chamber represents the springtime of the year, 33 when Christ died and was resurrected, as the beginning of the new creation on this fifth day.
Now, we have a beautiful picture shown us, and we may exercise our imagination somewhat. There are some beautiful qualities in imagination and you should try and cultivate them, if you have not already done so.
Imagination is all right if you do not carry it too far. Sometimes people allow their imagination to lead them astray, but if it is kept within proper limits it is good. Now, imagination carries us away back to say two or three thousand years ago, before our Lord came into this world, and suppose we are among the heavenly beings, and that we are aware that our heavenly Father has provided that the Lamb shall die for the sin of the world, and will be highly exalted. Now, here we are in this Ante Chamber waiting anxiously for that time. On each side of us we see the walls divided into four spaces representing the first four thousand year days, the first of which was blocked by the granite leaf, the divine will. We knew that the first day was the first Adam’s day; it was the day when condemnation came on the world; then, as we approach this point, we are getting nearer and nearer to the south wall of the Ante Chamber, and we see in front of us-if our lamps are good-the wall divided into five spaces, and the thought comes before our minds that we are approaching this great fifth day. What a feeling of suspense must have been in heaven at that time! How the holy angels must have been so anxious, knowing that our Lord Jesus was to humble himself to become a man and to be obedient unto death! And then comes the first year of that great fifth day when Christ humbled himself and became a servant, and then humbled himself still farther, even the death of the cross, all in obedience to the Father’s will. And then because he could not be holden of death he was raised from the dead and highly exalted. With that explanation we can then see why this number 5 is a sacred number in the Pyramid.
The Seventy Weeks of Israel’s Favor
Waymnan Dickson, in exploring this first ascending passage, found a very peculiar thing. He found that while for the most part the roof, walls and floor were formed of separate stones, at certain points there were great transverse plates of stone with the rectangular bore of the passage cut out of the center, so that at these parts the roof, walls and floor were formed of one stone. These must have been designed by the Master Architect for a special purpose; it could not have been merely for the sake of stability. When we examine the measurements we find that they indicate certain time features in the Law Dispensation. Take the top one; as the date of the beginning of the 70 weeks, the year 454 BC , when Nehemiah received his commission to build the walls of Jerusalem, and then, when we reach the point which is opposite the middle of the Well, turn sharp to the right till we get to the edge of the orifice, and finally down, to and along the floor of the short horizontal passage leading to the mouth of the Well, we shall find that the point on the floor which is vertically beneath the West wall of the Grand Gallery indicates the Date October 36 AD
This is just what we should expect. The building of the walls of Jerusalem was the last act of a great reform in Israel. Nehemiah’s commission formed therefore, a very appropriate date for the beginning of the 69 weeks of waiting and preparation for the coming of the promised Messiah. In due time, namely at the beginning of the 70th week, October 29 AD , the Messiah came, and the High calling went forth to the Nation of Israel, first as a whole through its representatives, and then, after the rejection of the Messiah, in April 33, to the individuals of the Nation. In October, 36 AD , this exclusive favor of Israel ceased. Now, as we have before seen, that the Grand Gallery symbolizes the High-calling, therefore, when the Nation reached the point on the floor of the passage leading out of the Grand Gallery toward the mouth of the Well, they had reached the limit of their exclusive favor, to be invited to the High-calling. The moment they passed beyond this they were outside the Grand Gallery and were obliged to take their lot as individuals along with the Gentiles.
First Ascending Passage from upper edge of highest plate to the upper end . . . . . . 385
Thence to edge of orifice of passage, 371/2 plus 21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 1/4
Thence to floor of passage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Thence to point vertically beneath west wall of Grand Gallery . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
British inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 490 1/4
Deduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/2
Pyramid inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489 3/4
Nehemiah’s commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BC 454
End of 70 Weeks, October, 36 AD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 3/4
The 2300 Days of Daniel
As a further proof that the upper edge of the highest transverse plate of stone in the First Ascending Passage, represents the year 454 BC , we find that the period of the 2300 Days of Daniel which also had their beginning in this year, is shown by the Pyramid as starting from the same point. The 2300 Days terminate in the cleansing of the Sanctuary in the year 1846 AD (Dawn 111). We have seen that the King’s Chamber represents the Sanctuary. We should expect, therefore, that a line drawn from the point which indicates the year 454 BC , and measuring 2300 Pyramid inches, should in some way indicate the Sanctuary at its further extremity. If we measure along the passage, the distance to the King’s Chamber is too great, but if we draw a horizontal line from the upper edge of the highest transverse plate to a. point vertically beneath the North wall of the King’s Chamber, we shall find that this line measures exactly 2300 inches, and that, therefore, its extremity indicates the date 1846 AD , when the Sanctuary was cleansed.
From highest plate in First Ascending Passage to line of North wall
of King’s Chamber, British inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2302 1-3
Deduct .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1-3
Pyramid inches .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2300
Nehemiah .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
Sanctuary cleansed in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1846
The lower edge of the second transverse plate in the First Ascending Passage is stated by Waynman Dickson to be 625 inches. As however, all figures given by him with regard to these plates are whole numbers, it is probable that they are not meant to be exact. If we suppose that 625 1/4 inches represent the exact distance from the upper, end of the passage, which shows the true date of Jesus’ birth, it follows that the lower edge of this second plate indicates the year 626 BC , the last Typical Jubilee.
From lower edge of second plate to top of passage,
British inches . . . . . . . . . . 625 1/4
Deduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/2
Pyramid inches . . . . . . . . . . 624 3/4
Last Jubilee year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 626 BC
From birth of Jesus, October, 2 BC .. . . . . . . . . . . 1 1/4
624 3/4 BC
Again, if we add to the measurement 625 1/4 inches, the length of the Grand Gallery, up to the bottom of the great step, and also the length of the upper surface of the step, we shall find that the total distance from the lower edge of the 2nd plate to the South wall of the Grand Gallery equals 2499 Pyramid inches.
This is the exact number of years which cover 51 cycles without jubilees, as shown by the prophecy of the 70 years, during which the land enjoyed her Sabbaths, and in which 19 jubilees were observed. This period began in October, 626 B. L., and ended in October, 1874, the beginning of the great antitypical times of restitution.
From lower edge of second plate to top of passage . . . . . . . . . 625 1/4
Grand Gallery to bottom of step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1815 1/4
From North edge of step to South wall of Grand Gallery .. . . . . 61
___ British inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2501 1/2
Deduct .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1/2
Pyramid inches .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2499
51 cycles, without jubilees, equal 51X 49 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2499
Last Jubilee ended in October, 626 BC equals . . . . . . . . . . . . 625 3/4 B.C.
Beginning of Antitypical Jubilee .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1873 3/4 A.D.
The Complete Period of Duration of the Typical Kingdom of Israel
Waynman Dickson states that the lower edge of the 3rd transverse plate of stone in the First Ascending Passage is 831 inches from the top of the passage. In the following measurements, my Brother and I found that we got harmony only by changing the number to 829 inches. This makes the deduction on this point correspondingly weak, but the harmony is so complete, that I feel inclined to think that the latter measurement is the correct one.
However, if you do not care to trust to it, there is enough in the Pyramid without the following time measurements, to show that God is the great designer of this building, and that His chief purpose has been to show in it His wonderful Plan of Salvation.
The Typical Kingdom of Israel is sometimes taken as beginning with the accession of Saul to the throne, but properly it began as soon as the Nation of Israel entered the land of promise. God was their King. You remember that when the people wanted a man to reign over them, God said to Samuel, "they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them." (1Sa 8:7.) After that they had men reigning over them, but the Scriptures are careful to state that these men sat on the throne of the Lord. In 606 BC, the kingdom was overthrown. This was because of the sentence passed upon Zedekiah, "remove the diadem and take off the crown, I shall overturn, overturn, overturn it and it shall be no more until He come whose right it is and I will give it him." (Eze 21:26, 27.) The kingdom was taken from Israel and even to the Gentiles for a period of "Seven Times," 2520 years.
The duration of the kingdom of Israel was accordingly from April, 1575, BC , when the Nation of Israel entered Canaan, till 606 BC , when the kingdom was overturned and the people taken into captivity. After 70 years they returned to their land and became once more a Nation, but in accordance with the decree of God, they have never had a king since, nor will they have till the "Times of the Gentiles" are complete. Then Christ will become their King and their kingdom will be restored. We have already seen that the Nation of Israel was overthrown in 70 AD , and that this is indicated in the Pyramid by the edge of the mouth of the Well.
When we measure upwards from the lower edge of the 3rd transverse plate, taking this as marking the date of the entrance into Canaan, April 1875 BC , and pass along the same line and to the same point as already detailed in the time measurement of the duration of the Nation of Israel, when we reach the edge of the mouth of the Well, we shall find that this point indicates the year 606 BC , when the Kingdom of Israel was destroyed. This point, therefore, appropriately represents both the year 606 BC , when the Kingdom of Israel passed into hades and the year 70 AD , when the Nation of Israel passed into hades, and here they have both been ever since.
From lower edge of third plate to top of passage . . . . . . . . . . . 829
Thence to edge of opening into horizontal passage .. . . . . . . . . 58 1/4
Thence down to the floor of horizontal passage . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Thence along the floor to the edge of the mouth of the well .. . . . 56
British inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 970 1/4
Deduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Pyramid inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 969 1/4
Entrance into Canaan is .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1575
Zedekiah dethroned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606
Restoration of the Nation and Kingdom of Israel
When will they emerge from hades? According to the prophecies of the Scriptures the Nation of the Kingdom of Israel will emerge at the same date, October, 1914, the end of "The times of the Gentiles." We might expect, therefore, that this date will be shown by the mouth of the Well. Should we expect it to be the upper or lower end of the Well? The fact that the Israelites will still be on the plane of human imperfection at this date would indicate that we should expect the Nation and Kingdom of Israel to emerge at the lower end of the Well, to take their part in the "time of trouble," which is to come upon the world in 1915 AD
We find that this is the case. When we measure from the lower edge of the 3rd transverse plate as the date of the entrance into Canaan, first horizontally inward toward a point vertically above the center of the lower end of the Well, and thence vertically downwards, we shall find when the center of the lower opening of the Well is reached, that this point indicates the date, October, 1914. Thus, the upper end of the Well indicates the beginning, and the lower end of the Well indicates the end of the "Times of the Gentiles."
From lower edge of third plate horizontally to
vertical line drawn up from center of outlet of Well . . . . . . . . 1921 1/4
From this horizontal line down to center of outlet . . . . . . . . . 1570 3/4
British inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3492
Deduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1/2
Pyramid inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3488 1/2
Entrance into Canaan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1574 3/4
End of the "Times of the Gentiles" . . . . . . . . . 1913 3/4
Now, dear friends, when you begin to study these different points, you will see what a wonderful Stone Witness this is of God’s Great Plan of Salvation, a Witness which shall be for the world in the Millennial Age, -the time when the knowledge of the Lord shall cover the earth as the waters cover the great deep.