There can be no doubt that the Hebrew word in the Pentateuch

Ex 16:13; Nu 11:31,32

and in the 105th Psalm, denotes the common quail, Coturnix dactylisonans. (The enormous quantity of quails taken by the Israelites has its parallel in modern times. Pliny states that they sometimes alight on vessels in the Mediterranean and sink them. Colenel Sykes states that 160,000 quails have been netted in one season on the island of Capri. —ED.) The expression "as it were two cubits (high) upon the face of the earth,"

Nu 11:31

refers probably to the height at which the quails flew above the ground, in their exhausted condition from their long flight. As to the enormous quantities which the least-successful Israelite is said to have taken viz. "ten homers" (i.e. eighty bushels) in the space of a night and two days, there is every reason for believing that the "homers here spoken of do not denote strictly the measure of that name but simply "a heap." The Israelites would have had little difficulty in capturing large quantities of these birds as they are known to arrive at places sometimes so completely exhausted by their flight as to be readily taken, not in nets only, but by the hand. They "spread the quails round about the camp;" this was for the purpose of drying them. The Egyptians similarly prepared these birds. The expression "quails from the sea,"

Nu 11:31

must not be restricted to denote that the birds came from the sea, as their starting-point, but it must be taken to show the direction from which they were coming. The quails were at the time of the event narrated in the sacred writings, on their spring journey of migration northward, It is interesting to note the time specified: "it was at even" that they began to arrive; and they no doubt continued to come all night. Many observers have recorded that the quail migrates by night.


(fourth), a Christian of Corinth,

Ro 16:23

said to have been one of the seventy disciples, and afterward bishop of Berytus. (A.D. about 50.)


a military term signifying a guard of four soldiers, two of whom were attached to the person of a prisoner, while the other two kept watch outside the door of his cell.

Ac 12:4


This title is properly applied to the queen-mother, since in an Oriental household it is not the wife but the mother of the master who exercises the highest authority. Strange as such an arrangement at sight appears, it is one of the inevitable results of polygamy. An illustration of the queen-mother’s influence is given in

1Ki 2:19

ff. The term is applied to Maachah,

1Ki 15:13; 2Ch 16:16

and to Jezetiel,

2Ki 10:13

and to the mother of Jehoiachin or Jeconiah,

Jer 13:18

compare 2Kin 24:12; Jere 29:2

Queen of heaven,

Jer 7:18; 45:17,18,19,25

is the moon Ashtaroth or Astarte to whom worshiped as Hebrew women offered cakes in the streets of Jerusalem.

Quicksands, The,

more properly THE SYRTIS,

SYRTIS - See 9172

Ac 27:17

the broad a deep bight on the north African coast between Carthage and Cyrene. There were properly two Syrtes—the eastern or larger, now called the Gulf of Sidra, and the western or smaller, now the Gulf of Cabes. It is the former to which our attention is directed in this passage of the Acts.


a box made for the purpose of holding arrows.

Ge 27:3

There is nothing in the Bible to indicate either its form or material, or in what way it was carried.